numerical modelling
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2022 ◽  
Vol 254 ◽  
pp. 115226
João Sousa Cardoso ◽  
Valter Silva ◽  
Daniela Eusébio ◽  
Luís A.C. Tarelho ◽  
Matthew J. Hall ◽  

Adoum Traoré Ndama ◽  
Elysée Obame Ndong ◽  
Yves Constant Mombo Boussougou ◽  
Grace Jourdain Tsoumou ◽  

Medium-voltage motors dedicated to the applications of traction operate in an environment with strong multi-physics constraints. Electrical insulation of these engines is a complex multi-layered impregnated system which requires a given number of steps during the manufacturing process. In the present study, we theoretically investigated the potential manufacturing insulation defects of traction motors in low frequency domain. The aim is to assess the theoretical ability of dielectric spectroscopy method for the detection of these defects and the extension of the method to others insulation systems. The theoretical study is based on numerical modelling and simulation achieved by using Comsol Multiphysics software. In our numerical modelling the properties of the main dielectric elementary materials are frequency–dependent. The identification of each potential defect is carried out by comparing its equivalent capacitance and dissipation loss spectra with the characteristics of insulation without defect. As the results, all artificial defects are identifiable with a specific relative deviation. The detection of all the defects analysed will need a measuring device with resolution of 0.4%. Keywords—AC electric motors, Capacitance, dielectric, dissipation factor, composite insulation, numerical modelling.

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 606
Mugeb Al-harosh ◽  
Egor Chernikov ◽  
Sergey Shchukin

Knowledge of renal blood circulation is considered as an important physiological value, particularly for fast detection of acute allograft rejection as well as the management of critically ill patients with acute renal failure. The electrical impedance signal obtained from kidney with an appropriate electrode system and optimal electrode system position regarding to the kidney projection on skin surface reflects the nature of renal blood circulation and tone of renal blood vessels. This paper proposes a specific numerical modelling based on prior information from MRI-data. The numerical modelling was conducted for electrical impedance change estimation due to renal blood distribution. The proposed model takes into the account the geometrical and electrophysiological parameters of tissues around the kidney as well as the actual blood distribution within the kidney. The numerical modelling had shown that it is possible to register the electrical impedance signal caused by renal blood circulation with an electrode system commensurate with the size of kidney, which makes it possible to reduce the influence of surrounding tissues and organs. Experimental studies were obtained to prove the numerical modelling and the effectiveness of developed electrode systems based on the obtained simulation results. The obtained electrical impedance signal with the appropriate electrode system shows very good agreement with the renal blood change estimated using Doppler ultrasound. For the measured electrical impedance signal, it is possible to obtain the amplitude-time parameters, which reflect the hemodynamic characteristics of the kidneys and used in diagnostics, which is the subject of further research.

Prasoon Singh ◽  
Hyongdoo Jang ◽  
A. J. S. Sam Spearing

AbstractNumerical modelling has become an important tool in the underground rock bolt reinforcement designing process. Numerical modelling provides the advantage of easily and quickly simulating complex underground geometries and mechanisms with sensitivity analyses. However, a numerical model needs to be calibrated using mathematical solutions, lab testing or with actual in-situ observations and measurements (which is the preferred method) before its results can be quantitatively applied to reinforcement design. Instrumented rock bolts provide a useful data source for calibrating in-situ rock bolt models. In this work, procedures have been presented to identify and determine the orientation of structures in the rock mass based on the strains on the instrumented rock bolts. A method to calibrate the rock bolt model with in-situ data is also presented. The results of the presented procedures have been validated with laboratory tests and numerical modelling. The procedures have been applied to create and calibrate an in-situ rock bolt model in FLAC3D and the results are validated using in-situ data.

Shubham Kesharwani ◽  
Chetan S. Mistry ◽  
Subhransu Roy ◽  
Arnab Roy ◽  
Kalyan P. Sinhamahapatra

2022 ◽  
Vol 77 (1) ◽  
pp. 21-37
Alessandro De Pedrini ◽  
Christian Ambrosi ◽  
Cristian Scapozza

Abstract. As a contribution to the knowledge of historical rockslides, this research focuses on the historical reconstruction, field mapping, and simulation of the expansion, through numerical modelling, of the 30 September 1513 Monte Crenone rock avalanche. Earth observation in 2-D and 3-D, as well as direct in situ field mapping, allowed the detachment zone and the perimeter and volume of the accumulation to be determined. Thanks to the reconstruction of the post-event digital elevation model based on historical topographic maps and the numerical modelling with the RAMMS::DEBRISFLOW software, the dynamics and runout of the rock avalanche were calibrated and reconstructed. The reconstruction of the runout model allowed confirmation of the historical data concerning this event, particularly the damming of the valley floor and the lake formation up to an elevation of 390 m a.s.l., which generated an enormous flood by dam breaching on 20 May 1515, known as the “Buzza di Biasca”.

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