Elderly Patients
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2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 49-62
Author(s):  
Yasuhiro Inokuchi ◽  
Ayaka Ishida ◽  
Kei Hayashi ◽  
Yoshihiro Kaneta ◽  
Hayato Watanabe ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Author(s):  
Jun Li ◽  
Hui Li ◽  
Wenjiao Deng ◽  
Lixin Meng ◽  
Wenya Gong ◽  
...  

<b><i>Background:</i></b> Patients with maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) generally have a microinflammatory state. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of hemodialysis (HD) combined with hemoperfusion (HP) on microinflammatory state in elderly patients with MHD. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> One hundred and fifty elderly patients with MHD were randomly divided into the control group and the observation group. The control group received simple HD treatment, and the observation group received combined HD + HP treatment on the basis of the control group. After 6 months of continuous treatment, the patients were evaluated to compare the quality of life, inflammation, adverse reactions, and nutritional indicators in the 2 groups before and after treatment. <b><i>Results:</i></b> There was no significant difference in the quality of life between the 2 groups before treatment. After treatment, the scores of psychological aspects, physiological aspects, social aspects, environmental aspects, and independent ability in the observation group were higher than those in the control group, with statistical significance (<i>p</i> &#x3c; 0.05). There was no statistical significance in the level of inflammation between 2 groups before treatment. After treatment, the levels of hs-CRP, Hcy, IL-6, and TNF-α in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group, with statistical significance (<i>p</i> &#x3c; 0.05). The incidence of dry mouth, skin reaction, neuritis, and subcutaneous tissue fibrosis in the observation group was lower than that in the control group, with statistical significance (<i>p</i> &#x3c; 0.05). There was no statistical significance in nutritional level indexes between 2 groups before treatment (<i>p</i><sub>1</sub> &#x3e; 0.05). After treatment, the levels of hemoglobin, total protein, albumin, and transferrin in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group, with statistical significance (<i>p</i> &#x3c; 0.05). <b><i>Conclusion:</i></b> The clinical effect of HD combined with HP in elderly MHD patients is significant, which can effectively reduce the incidence of adverse reactions and inflammation in the patients and improve the quality of life and nutritional indicators of the patients.


2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Samar Rafik Amin ◽  
Enas W. Mahdy

Abstract Background Hypotension is often occurring after induction of general anesthesia (IGA) and can cause organ hypoperfusion and ischemia which associated with adverse outcomes in patients having both cardiac and non-cardiac surgery. Elderly patients are particularly more vulnerable and at increased risk to the depressant effect of anesthetic drugs. So, recognition and prevention of such event are of clinical importance. This study recruited patients aged above 60 years, with ASA physical status classification I-II-III who were scheduled for surgery under general anesthesia with the aim to assess the effectiveness of preoperative IVC ultrasonography in predicting hypotension which develops following IGA and its association with the volume status in elderly patients receiving general anesthesia, through measurements of the maximum inferior vena cava diameter (dIVCmax), minimum inferior vena cava diameter (dIVCmin), inferior vena cava collapsibility index (IVC-CI), and basal and post-induction mean arterial pressure (MAP). Results Thirty-nine (44.3%) of the 88 patients developed hypotension after IGA, and it was significantly more in patients who did not receive preoperative fluid (p = 0.045). The cut-off for dIVCmax was found as 16.250 mm with the ROC analysis. Specificity and sensitivity for the cut-off value of 16.250 mm were calculated as 61.2% and 76.9%, respectively. The cut-off for IVC-CI was found as 33.600% with the ROC analysis. Specificity and sensitivity for the cut-off value of 33.600% were calculated as 68.7% and 87.2%, respectively. Conclusions IVC ultrasonography may be helpful in the prediction of preoperative hypovolemia in elderly patients in the form of high IVC-CI and low dIVCmax. The incidence of hypotension was lower in patients who received fluid infusion before IGA.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yilei Zhao ◽  
Jingfeng Xu ◽  
Zhan Feng ◽  
Jincheng Wang

Some studies show that low serum vitamin D levels are associated with white matter hyperintensity (WMH), while other studies report no association. This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the presence of an association between serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and WMH. PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, WANFANG, and VIP were searched for available papers published up to December 2020. The outcomes were the odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between different vitamin D statuses and WMH. All meta-analyses were performed using a random-effects model. Five studies (4393 patients) were included. Compared with sufficient 25(OH)D levels, 25(OH)D deficiency was not associated with WMH (OR = 1.67, 95%CI: 0.92–3.04; I2 = 70.2%, Pheterogeneity = 0.009), nor was 25(OH)D insufficiency (OR = 1.21, 95%CI: 0.89–1.65; I2 = 48.1%, Pheterogeneity = 0.103). A decrease of 25 nmol/L in 25(OH)D levels was associated with WMH (OR = 1.83, 95%CI: 1.34-2.49; I2 = 0%, Pheterogeneity= 0.512). The sensitivity analyses showed that the results were robust. 25(OH)D deficiency and insufficiency are not associated with WMH. A decrease of 25 nmol/L in 25(OH)D levels was associated with WMH, but this result will have to be confirmed. Prospective trials, both cross-sectional and longitudinal, are necessary to examine the association between 25(OH)D levels and WMH.


Author(s):  
О.А. Осипова ◽  
Е.В. Гостева ◽  
О.Н. Белоусова ◽  
Н.И. Жернакова ◽  
Н.И. Клюшников ◽  
...  

В статье рассмотрены вопросы развития фиброза и иммунного воспаления у больных артериальной гипертензией (АГ) с острым ишемическим инсультом (ИИ) в пожилом возрасте. Цель исследования - изучение возраст-ассоциированных особенностей концентрации маркеров фиброза (металлопротеиназы-9, тканевого ингибитора матриксных металлопротеиназ-1, их соотношения ММП-9/ТИМП-1), иммунного воспаления (TNF-α, IL-1β, INF-γ) у больных АГ с ИИ. В исследование были включены 86 больных АГ II степени, из которых 42 человека - среднего возраста (53±5 лет) и 44 - пожилого (66±5 лет), контрольную группу составили 22 пациента пожилого возраста с АГ без ИИ в анамнезе. Критерии включения - пациенты с АГ, поступившие в стационар в остром периоде первого церебрального инсульта. Установлено, что у пожилых больных АГ с ИИ показатели инфламэйджинга и маркеры фиброза были достоверно выше, чем у лиц среднего возраста. Уровень IL-1β был выше на 31,7 % (р<0,01), TNF-α - на 55,7 % (р<0,001), INF-γ - на 36,6 % (р<0,01), уровень ММП-9 - на 46,4 % (р<0,01), ТИМП-1 - на 21,2 % (р<0,01), ММП-9/ТИМП-1 - на 19,6 % (р<0,01) в пожилом возрасте по сравнению с больными среднего возраста с АГ и острым ИИ. Таким образом, установлено, что больные АГ с ИИ имеют нарушения процессов инфламейджинга, синтеза и деградации внеклеточного матрикса, особенно выраженные в пожилом возрасте. The article deals with the development of fibrosis and immune inflammation in patients with arterial hypertension and acute ischemic stroke in old age. The aim of the study was to study age-associated features of the concentration of fibrosis markers (metalloproteinase-9, tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases-1, their ratio MMP-9/TIMP-1), immune inflammation (TNF-α, IL-1β, INF-γ) in patients with arterial hypertension and ischemic stroke (AI). The study included 86 patients with arterial hypertension (AH) of the 2nd degree, of which 42 were middle-aged (53±5 years) and 44 elderly (66±5 years). The control group consisted of 22 elderly patients with AH without a history of AI. The criteria for inclusion in the study are patients with hypertension who were admitted to the hospital in the acute period of the first cerebral stroke. It was found that in elderly patients with hypertension with AI, the indicators of inflamaging and fibrosis markers were significantly higher than in middle-aged people. The level of IL-1β was 31,7 % higher (p<0,01), TNF-α by 55,7 % (p<0,001), INF-γ by 36,6 % (p<0,01), the level of MMP-9 was 46,4 % higher (p<0,01), TIMP-1 by 21,2 % (p<0,01), MMP-9/TIMP-1 by 19,6 % (p<0,01) in the elderly compared to middle-aged patients with hypertension and acute AI. Thus, it was found that patients with arterial hypertension and ischemic stroke have violations of the processes of inflamaging, synthesis and degradation of the extracellular matrix, especially pronounced in old age.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Baoqiu Liu ◽  
Mingxing Zhang ◽  
Yanqing Cao ◽  
Zhe Wang ◽  
Xicheng Wang

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the prognostic factors related to overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) in patients with de novo metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) aged ≥65 years in non-endemic areas. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was queried for elderly patients with M1 stage NPC at initial diagnosis between 2004 and 2016. This study examined 100 patients and evaluated the relationship of gender, age, race, pathological grade, T stage, N stage, number of primary tumors, site of metastasis, number of metastatic organs, and other related factors with OS and CSS. The median survival and follow-up time were 10 and 48 months, respectively. The survival curves of race, N stage, bone metastasis, radiation, and chemotherapy significantly affected OS on the log-rank test. Race, bone metastasis, and chemotherapy were independent prognostic factors of OS. Bone metastasis was associated with poor survival. The survival curves of CSS were significantly differed between races, the number of primary tumors, and bone metastasis. In Cox regression multivariate analysis, only the number of primary tumors had an independent effect on prognosis. This study revealed that chemotherapy prolonged survival in elderly patients with metastatic NPC, whereas bone metastasis shortened survival.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Author(s):  
Lei Tian ◽  
Ya Wen ◽  
Siyuan Li ◽  
Peng Zhang ◽  
Yinghui Wang ◽  
...  

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of astaxanthin in the treatment of mild-to-moderate dry eye disease (DED) in middle-aged and elderly patients.Methods: 120 eyes of 60 middle-aged and elderly patients with mild-to-moderate DED were enrolled in this prospective, one-group, quasi-experimental study. Six milligram Astaxanthin tablets (Weihong Haematococcus Pluvialis Astaxanthin, Hangzhou Xinwei Low Carbon Technology R&amp;D Co., Ltd., China) were administered orally, twice daily for 30 ± 2 days. History of eye diseases, treatment, systemic disease, and medication before the test were recorded. In addition, the ocular surface disease index (OSDI) questionnaire, non-invasive tear break-up time (NIBUT), fluorescein break-up time (FBUT), corneal fluorescein staining (CFS) score, eyelid margin signs, meibomian gland (MG) expressibility, meibum quality, meibomian gland dropout (MGDR), Schirmer I test (SIt), tear meniscus height (TMH), bulbar conjunctiva congestion degree, blink frequency, incomplete blink rate, and thickness of tear film lipid layer were collected before treatment, 2 weeks after the initiation of treatment, and at the end of treatment. Visual acuity (VA), intraocular pressure (IOP), anterior segment, fundus, discomfort symptoms and other adverse reactions were also monitored throughout the study to assess the safety.Results: OSDI score, NIBUT, BUT, CFS score, eyelid margin signs, MG expressibility, meibum quality, and blink frequency improved significantly to varying degrees after treatment compared with those before the treatment (P &lt; 0.05), while TMH, SIt, conjunctival congestion, the thickness of tear film lipid layer, MGDR, incomplete blink rate, VA and IOP did not differ (P &gt; 0.05).Conclusions: Oral administration of astaxanthin improves the symptoms and signs of middle-aged and elderly patients with mild-to-moderate DED.


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