Intestinal Obstruction
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2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 37-41
Author(s):  
Ahmed H. Al-Salem ◽  
Moustafa Hamchou ◽  
Hillal Matta ◽  
Adnan Swid ◽  
Bahjat Sahari ◽  
...  

Ingestion of magnets is becoming a common problem among children and teens and are known to be associated with serious complications that result from pressure necrosis and bowel perforation. We report a series of eight children with multiple magnets ingestion that resulted in complications including small bowel perforation and intestinal obstruction necessitating an emergency laparotomy and intestinal resection. The aim of this report is to raise awareness of the complications associated with magnet ingestion in children. The literature on the subject is also reviewed and early surgical intervention is recommended for multiple swallowed magnets. The role of laparoscopy in this regard is also stressed.


2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (12) ◽  
pp. 3535
Author(s):  
Valarmathi M.

Background: Acute intestinal blockage (AIO) is a common abdominal emergency with a high morbidity and mortality rate. Early blockage diagnosis, skilled operative management, correct technique during surgery and intense postoperative therapy yield superior results. The aim was to study the aetiology, clinical presentation, therapy and outcomes of patients with IO who presented in the emergency department.Methods: This prospective study was conducted at the general surgery department from June 2019 to May 2021. The study comprised 60 patients with IO who presented to the OPD or emergency room and the data was analysed.Results: Among 60 patients with IO, peak incidence was observed in patients above 50 years of age, predominantly among males. Abdominal pain turned out to be the most common symptom of IO in our patients. Patients obstructed in the small intestine were found to be predominant. Post-operative adhesions were the most common cause of IO.Conclusions: Early diagnosis, proper preoperative hydration, fast investigations, and early operational intervention were found to increase survival in patients with intestinal obstruction in the current study.


2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (12) ◽  
pp. 3723
Author(s):  
Anandi A. ◽  
Preethy R. ◽  
Rani Suganya R. ◽  
Jothiramalingam S.

Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (SEP) is a visceral encapsulation syndrome of inflammatory origin, seen as an infrequent cause of intestinal obstruction in young patients. It is a condition characterised by complete encapsulation of small bowel loops by a fibrocollagenous membrane, leading to cocoon formation. Histologically, the membrane is composed mainly of organised fibrin, probably derived from the plasma exudation of peritoneal microvasculature. Clinical presentation is related to the development of altered gut motility, resulting in abdominal pain and features of intestinal obstruction. We here discussed about a young patient who presented with features of intestinal obstruction and diagnosed with SEP, secondary to abdominal tuberculosis and was then treated surgically. SEP as a cause of intestinal obstruction is a rare life threatening entity encountered in day to day practice. Definitive diagnosis of this condition is challenging in the pre-operative period and is usually missed and a high index of suspicion is required. 


2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (12) ◽  
pp. 3738
Author(s):  
S. P. Gayathre ◽  
M. Kudiyarasu ◽  
Bala Brindha Saugunan ◽  
R. Kannan

Obturator hernia is a rare type of pelvic hernia in which intraperitoneal contents protrude through the obturator foramen and is most commonly found in females. It accounts for about 1% of all abdominal hernias and possesses a great diagnostic challenge due to the non-specific symptoms and meagre clinical signs. Hereby we report a case of obturator hernia in an nonagenarian emaciated fragile old lady who presented with features of acute Intestinal obstruction and was diagnosed using computed tomography as right sided obturator hernia and eventually was taken up for emergency laparotomy. The herniated segment was resected and anastomosis was done with primary closure of the defect. Postoperative period was uneventful and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 7. 


2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (12) ◽  
pp. 3668
Author(s):  
Gomalaadevee Rajaram ◽  
Pavin Kaur Bal Baldev Singh ◽  
Muhammad Firdaus Bin Madzlan ◽  
John Emmanuel Gilbert Fernandez ◽  
Nurdaliza Binti Mohd Badarudin

Meckel’s diverticulum (MD) is a congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract resulting from incomplete obliteration of the vitellointestinal duct by 5th to 7th week of gestation. Incidence is 2% in the general population with a 2:1 male to female ratio. The various presentations of MD include gastrointestinal bleeding, intestinal obstruction, diverticulitis and intestinal perforation. Majority of the MD is asymptomatic however the potential risk of developing complication it's about 4-6%. Preoperative diagnosis of MD is challenging. We present 6 cases of MD managed at our centre over the course of 1 year. Two cases presented as intestinal obstruction secondary to mesodiverticular band from MD, one case with bleeding, two cases with intussusception and one case of meckel’s diverticulitis.


2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (12) ◽  
pp. 3727
Author(s):  
Prawin Kumar Singh ◽  
Rakesh Kumar Sahu

Intussusception of the bowel is defined as the telescoping of a proximal segment of the bowel within the lumen of an adjacent segment. This condition is a common cause of intestinal obstruction in children below two years of age. It is considered a rare cause of intestinal obstruction in the adult. It accounts for 5% of all cases of intussusception and 1-2% of all cases of intestinal obstructions in the adult population. Almost up to 20% of cases are idiopathic and they are not having any lead point pathology. The rest of the cases are caused by organic lesions like Meckel’s diverticulum, benign and malignant lesions, metastatic neoplasm, intestinal polyp, etc. In adults’ preoperative diagnosis is difficult and a definitive diagnosis is made at laparotomy. Computerized tomography is the most sensitive diagnostic modality for this condition.


2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (12) ◽  
pp. 3741
Author(s):  
Rudraiah H. G. M. ◽  
Benita Davis

Intestinal obstruction secondary to an internal hernia is rare and that occurring through a rent between the adhered inflamed vermiform appendix and appendices epiploicae of the proximal caecum is so rare that this case was the first of its kind ever to be reported. Such a cause for obstruction should be suspected in a patient with a virgin abdomen with no history/clinical features of an obstructing external hernia or abdominal tumor. A 28 year old man presented to the ER with features of intestinal obstruction, in whom CECT abdomen revealed multiple dilated small bowel loops with breaking-of seen in the region of the terminal ileum. Surgical exploration revealed internal herniation of the distal ileum through a rent between the adhered inflamed vermiform appendix and the appendices epiploicae of the proximal caecum; reduction of which was sufficient to relieve the obstruction and demonstrate healthy reperfusion. Adhesiolysis, epiploicae appendectomy and appendectomy was done with no other points of obstruction along the small bowel. Due to its rarity, non-specific presentation pattern and limited usefulness of imaging for diagnosis, a high index of suspicion with prompt early surgical exploration is a must for a successful outcome in such cases intestinal obstruction; especially in a virgin abdomen.


2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 25-27
Author(s):  
Byungjun Song ◽  
Pil Young Jung

The causes of intestinal obstruction are diverse with tissue adhesion, incarcerated hernia, and large bowel neoplasm being the most common causes. Cancer is not easy to diagnose in patients with a history of intestinal obstruction after the intraperitoneal operation following blunt trauma. Herein, we report the case of a patient who was diagnosed with colon cancer after undergoing adhesiolysis due to intestinal obstruction.


Author(s):  
Raghav Kumar ◽  
Saroj Kumari

Background: The main goal of imaging in acute abdomen is to narrow down the differential diagnosis and for prompt treatment. Material and methods: This study was done on patient presented with acute abdomen in Department of Radiodiagnosis, SMS Medical College & Associate Group of Hospitals, Jaipur. Scout X-ray done in 100 patients. Scout X –Ray film gives lots of information and very helpful in diagnosing perforation and intestinal obstruction. Results: USG was able to diagnose 94% cases of perforation peritonitis. intes­tinal obstruction was diagnosed only in 73.17% of cases with USG. Conclusion: This study shows that simple X-Ray plays an important role in definite diagnosis of acute abdomen as compare to USG. Keywords: Ultrasound, X- Ray, Acute Abdomen


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-6
Author(s):  
Kiminari Naoshima ◽  
Keiji Abe ◽  
Kazushige Murakami ◽  
Kai Takaya ◽  
Tatsuya Nakano

Despite the frequent rapid spread of esophageal cancers to other organs, metastases to the small intestine are uncommon. As such, this paper describes a case of a 60-year-old male who developed a small intestinal obstruction due to metastasis from esophageal carcinoma. This patient had received radical esophagectomy for esophageal carcinoma 14 months prior to the diagnosis. Furthermore, the important role of computed tomography scans played in composing the differential diagnosis will be explored. In order to relieve the obstruction, resection of the small intestine was performed, and the patient survived six months postoperatively.


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