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2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (10) ◽  
pp. 421-431
Cerise Kleb ◽  
Muhammad Salman Faisal ◽  
Cristiano Quintini ◽  
Charles M Miller ◽  
K V Narayanan Menon ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Tommaso Greco ◽  
Luigi Cianni ◽  
Chiara Polichetti ◽  
Michele Inverso ◽  
Giulio Maccauro ◽  

Implant-associated infections remain one of the main problems in the treatment of open tibia fractures. The role of systemic antibiotic prophylaxis is now agreed and accepted; nevertheless, recent literature also seems to emphasize the importance of local antibiotic therapy at the fracture site. Several therapeutic strategies have been proposed to overcome this new need. Antibiotic-coated nails play crucial role in this, allowing both infection prevention and favoring the fracture stabilization. We describe the outcome of patients with open diaphyseal tibia fracture treated either with a standard uncoated nail or a gentamicin-coated nail from January 2016 to December 2018 at our second level emergency-urgency department. Primary outcomes were infection rate and bone union rate. Other outcomes reported are reoperation rate, time between injury and nailing, and safety of antibiotic nail. Numerical variables were tabulated using mean, standard deviation, minimum, maximum, and number of observations. Categorical variables were tabulated using number of observations. 23 patients treated with uncoated nail and 23 patients treated with antibiotic-coated tibia nail were included in the study and were evaluated for a minimum follow-up of 18 months. Among the 46 patients, 9 were Gustilo-Anderson type I, 21 type II, and 16 type III open fracture. Regarding the bone healing rate at 12 months, 16 fractures in the first group and 18 in the second were completely healed. 4 infections were found in the first group (3 superficial surgical site infection and 1 osteomyelitis) and 3 superficial infections in the second one. No adverse events have been recorded with antibiotic-coated nails. In this unicentric retrospective study observed no deep wound infections and good fracture healing in the use of antibiotic-coated nails. Antibiotic nails have been shown to play a role in the treatment of fractures in critically ill patients with severe soft tissue damage.

Vascular ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 170853812110514
Görkem Yiğit

Objectives The present study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy and early outcomes of n-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) ablation in small saphenous vein (SSV) insufficiency. Methods In this single-center, retrospective, single-arm study, NBCA ablation was performed in 80 patients with SSV insufficiency between September 2018 and May 2020. Primary outcomes (anatomic success rate and occlusion rate) and secondary outcomes (VCSS and AVVQ scores) of the patients were analyzed. Results No technical failure and device-related complications were encountered. Anatomic success rate was 100% after procedures. Each treated SSV was occluded on colored Doppler ultrasonography immediately after the procedure, and all veins remained occluded at 2 weeks after the procedure. Partial recanalization was observed in five patients at 12-month follow-up. Kaplan–Meier analysis revealed an occlusion rates at 6 months and 12 months follow-up were 97.5% and 93.75%, respectively. The mean pretreatment VCSS (4.72 ± 2.04) decreased to 1.61 ± 0.93, 0.87 ± 0.58, and 0.73 ± 0.52 at 2 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months after treatment, respectively ( p < .001). The mean pretreatment AVVQ score (11.92 ± 2.23) decreased to 8.2 ± 1.89, 4.2 ± 1.16, and 3.32 ± 1.19 at 2 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months after treatment, respectively ( p < .001). The Clinical, Etiologic, Anatomic, and Pathophysiology clinical classification at 12 months demonstrated a significant reduction in disease severity compared with preoperative values ( p < .001). There was no mortality and major adverse events including anaphylaxis and pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) related to procedure after follow-ups. Moreover, there were no symptoms or signs of any sural nerve injury and no cases of skin necrosis, infection, or hyperpigmentation. In addition, no hematoma, deep venous thrombosis, and hypersensitivity reactions were observed. Phlebitis-like abnormal reaction was observed in three patients (3.8%). Conclusions In conclusion, in patients with SSV insufficiency, NBCA ablation with VenaBlock® system appears to be an effective and reliable treatment method. At the 12-month follow-up, the NBCA of SSVs showed a low recanalization rate and had a satisfactory improvement on the VCSS and AVVQ scores.

2021 ◽  
Vol In Press (In Press) ◽  
NazaninZahra Sepehri ◽  
Mehrdad Karajizadeh ◽  
Reza Nikandish ◽  
Seyed Ali Hosseini ◽  
Kamran Moazzemi

2021 ◽  
pp. 152660282110493
Denis Skrypnik ◽  
Moritz S. Bischoff ◽  
Katrin Meisenbacher ◽  
Dorothea B. Kronsteiner ◽  
Dittmar Böckler

Objective: The aim of this study was to report 10-year real-world single-center experience with the GORE TAG conformable thoracic aortic graft (CTAG), focusing on rupture-free survival, aortic-related reintervention, and device-related complications during midterm and long-term follow-up (FU). Methods: This retrospective study analyzes results of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) performed between January 2009 and December 2018. Out of 419 TEVAR procedures within this period, 194 patients (male 57.2%, 111/194), with a mean age of 65 ± 13 years, were treated with the CTAG device. Indication for TEVAR was a thoracic aortic aneurysm in 24.7% (48/194), type B aortic dissection in 32.5% (63/194), penetrating aortic ulcer 15.5% (30/194), and miscellaneous 27.3% (53/194). Emergently were operated 43.8% (85/194) patients. Median follow-up (FU) including computed tomography imaging was 43.5 months (Q1-Q3: 8.6–67.0) and was completed in 91.2% (177/194) of patients. Results: Overall survival rates were 75.8% (95% confidence interval [CI] = [0.76–0.70]) and 56.6% (95% CI = [0.57–0.50]) at 12 and 60 months, respectively. Cumulative incidence for aortic rupture was 11.9% (95% CI = [0.07–0.17]) at 60 and 90 months, respectively. Cumulative incidence for aortic-related reintervention was 27.5% (95% CI = [0.21–0.34]) at 60 and 90 months. Cumulative incidence for migration was 2.8% (95% CI = [0.004–0.05]) and 3.9% (95% CI = [0.007–0.07]) at 60 and 90 months, respectively. New endograft infections or material fatigue were not observed. Conclusions: The herein reported 10-year real-world single-center experience with the CTAG observed favorable long-term outcome. Thus, the device demonstrates appropriate persistent safety, efficacy, and clinical durability up to long-term FU in the treatment of diverse thoracic aortic pathologies.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Loredana De Pasquale ◽  
Eleonora Lori ◽  
Antonio Mario Bulfamante ◽  
Giovanni Felisati ◽  
Luca Castellani ◽  

Background. The main challenge for treating primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is to understand if it is caused by a single adenoma (80–85% of the cases) or by a multiglandular disease (15–20%), both preoperatively and intraoperatively. For this reason, some preoperative scores were proposed in the literature, to perform focused parathyroidectomy, avoiding intraoperative parathormone assay (ioPTH). The most known are the CaPTHUS test and the Wisconsin index. We applied them to our experience. Methods. A retrospective cohort study on 462 patients referred for parathyroidectomy to Thyroid and Parathyroid Unit at Santi Paolo e Carlo Hospital, Milan, Italy, from 2011 to 2021. Only patients affected with benign PHPT and neck ultrasound performed at our institution were included. Both patients for whom preoperative imaging agreed with the localization of a single diseased parathyroid and those with only ultrasound or scintigraphy positive for parathyroid localization underwent Mini-Invasive Video-assisted parathyroidectomy. In all cases, ioPTH assay was performed. The conversion to bilateral neck exploration was decided based on the drop in ioPTH. CaPTHUS score and the Wisconsin index (Win) were applied to the series. CaPTHUS score ≥3 and Win index >1600, according to the original studies of the literature, were considered at high probability of monoglandular disease. Outcomes in these two groups were examined. Results. 236 patients were eligible for the study. The pathology resulted in multiglandular disease in 24 patients (10.2%). Among these, 18 (75.0%) obtained a CaPTHUS score ≥3, and 20 (83.3%) had a Win index>1600. Intraoperative PTH allowed to identify multiglandular disease in 16 of 18 cases with CaPTHUS ≥3 and in 18 of 20 cases with win >1600, who could have been lost, based only on the results of these 2 tests. Conclusion. Based on our experience, CaPTHUS test and Wisconsin index were not so useful in predicting multiglandular disease as ioPTH.

2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (2) ◽  
pp. 69-78
Almira Ćosićkić

2021 ◽  
Tohru Kawakami ◽  
Naoki Saito ◽  
Kei Yamamoto ◽  
Shinya Wada ◽  
Daisuke Itakura ◽  

2021 ◽  
pp. 152660282110493
Ali F. AbuRahma ◽  
Matthew Beasley ◽  
Zachary T. AbuRahma ◽  
Meghan Davis ◽  
Elliot Adams ◽  

Background: Few industry sponsored trials reported satisfactory outcomes in the use of drug-eluting stents (DES) for treatment of femoropopliteal arterial disease. This study analyzed the early/late clinical outcome from a real world single center. Patient Populations/Methods: A total of 115 limbs treated with Zilver PTX were analyzed for: major adverse limb event (MALE: above ankle limb amputation/major intervention at 1 year), major adverse events (MAEs; death, amputation, and target lesion thrombosis/reintervention), primary patency (based on duplex ultrasound ± ankle brachial indexes), limb salvage, and amputation free survival rates (AFS) at 1 and 2 years. Results: Indications included claudication in 32% and critical limb threatening ischemia (CLTI) in 68%. Lesions treated included: superficial femoral artery (SFA) 66%, both SFA and popliteal artery (PA) 19% and PA 15%. Mean lesion length was 21 cm and 68% had total occlusion. 45% were Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC) TASC II D lesions and 55% A–C lesions. Mean follow-up was 18.4 months (1–76 months). Perioperative major morbidity rate was 8.7% with 0% mortality. MALE rate at 1 year was 17% (13.5% for claudication vs 19.2% for CLTI, p=0.4499). MAE rate was 30% for claudication versus 52% for CLTI (p=0.0392). Overall primary patency rates at 1 and 2 years were 75% and 54% (86% and 71% for claudication vs 70% and 46% for CLTI, respectively, p=0.0213). Primary patency rates at 1 and 2 years were 94% and 88% for TASC A-C lesions versus 50% and 16% for TASC D lesions (p<0.0001). Overall freedom from MALE rate at 1 and 2 years were 85% and 79% (86% and 86% for claudication vs 84% and 74% for CLTI, p=0.2391). These rates were 96% and 93% for TASC A-C lesions versus 70% and 50% for D lesions, respectively (p<0.0001). Limb salvage rates at 1 and 2 years were 93% and 86% (100% and 100% for claudication vs 89% and 78% for CLTI, p=0.012). Overall AFS rates at 1 and 2 years were 79% and 71% (93% and 82% for TASC A–C vs 59% and 59% for D lesions, p=0.001). Conclusion: Clinical outcomes after DES (Zilver PTX) in femoropopliteal arterial lesions were satisfactory for TASC A–C lesions but inferior/unsatisfactory for TASC D lesions.

2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (3) ◽  
pp. 26-30
Aliaa Mohammed Diab ◽  
AlRawhaa Ahmed Abouamer ◽  
Ghada Saad Abdel Motaleb ◽  
Khaled Abdelaziem Eid ◽  
Heba Ismaiel Abdelnaiem

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is the most common cause of thrombocytopenia in children. This retrospective study was designed to analyze presenting features of ITP cases in Benha, evaluate outcomes in children and determine prognostic factors. This research was accepted by Research Ethics Committee (REC) of Faculty of Medicine, Benha University (chairman: Prof. Nermeen Adly Mahmoud). Ethics comittee refrence number MS 40-3/2019. Records of 308 children with ITP in Benha University Hospitals and Benha Children Hospital haematology clinics between May 2014 and January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Socio-demographic, clinical, and laboratory data of the studied children such as age, gender, the type of residence, the date of diagnosis, complaints at presentation, preceding vaccination or infection, the type of bleeding, initial platelet count, LDH (lactate dehydrogenase) level, initial treatment, and outcomes were recorded. A total of 308 children diagnosed with ITP were included, clinical courses were determined as newly diagnosed and chronic in 71.4% and 28.6%, respectively. The median age of patients at diagnosis was 5 ± 3.4 years. The male/female ratio was 1.14. The median age at diagnosis was significantly higher in chronic ITP patients (p < 0.001); patients ≥ 10 years were more likely to develop chronic ITP than younger ones (p = 0.029). Regarding residency, seasonality, type of bleeding and history of preceding infection or vaccination, the difference was not statistically significant. Initial platelet counts > 20 × 109 were significantly more prevalent in chronic ITP (p < 0.001). LDH level at presentation was significantly higher in chronic cases (p = 0.046). Initial lines of treatment were the following: steroids, IVIG, and IVIG with steroids (in 88%, 5.2%, and 2.9% of the cases, respectively). A total of 3.9% of the children did not receive any treatment. There was no significant difference in the outcomes between the initial lines of treatment (p = 0.105). In our study, age > 10 years, female gender, higher platelet count and high LDH level at presentation were found to increase the probability of chronic ITP.

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