surgical excision
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2022 ◽  
pp. 726-741
Author(s):  
Abdullah Essam Kattan ◽  
Aws Abdulrahman Alsuhaibani ◽  
Abdullah Alsuhaibani ◽  
Tareq Salah Hassan

Treatment of keloids is usually challenging, requiring a multimodal approach with no universally accepted treatment modality among the wide range of alternative keloid treatments. Excision of keloid lesion usually eliminates symptoms and it is the main treatment with considerable recurrence rate. Recurrence rate ranges from 45-100% when surgical excision is performed as monotherapy. Furthermore, Recurrent Keloids have a higher recurrence rate after surgery. In this case we discuss a challenging case of young female presented with third recurrence in lobule of the ear with defect necessitated flap reconstruction with concern for possible damage by the flap if radiation was given as external beam postoperatively. Intraoperative electron beam therapy was utilized with high safety and efficacy. To our knowledge this is the first case in the Middle East to use this technique in treating Keloid. Conclusion Treatment of keloids is usually challenging, requiring a multimodal approach. Excision of keloid lesion usually eliminates symptoms and it is the main treatment with considerable recurrence rate .Recurrence rate ranges from 45-100% when surgical excision is performed as monotherapy. Furthermore, Recurrent Keloids have a higher recurrence rate after surgery. Radiation is a valid option for decreasing risk of recurrence in recurrent keloid with high safety and efficacy profile. In this case we discuss a challenging case of young female presented with third recurrence in lobule of the ear with defect necessitated flap reconstruction with concern for possible damage by the flap if radiation was given as external beam postoperatively. Intraoperative electron beam therapy was utilized with high safety and efficacy. To our knowledge this is the first case in the Middle East to use this technique in treating Keloid. Keywords: Keloid; Radiation; Intraoperative Radiation; IOeRT


Author(s):  
Benjamin Schmeusser ◽  
Joseph Wiedemer ◽  
Dana Obery ◽  
Kaila Buckley ◽  
Michael Yu

AbstractNeoplasms of the urachus are exceedingly rare, representing 0.17% of all bladder cancers. The mucinous cystic tumor of low malignant potential (MCTLMP) subtype is particularly rare with just 25 previous cases reported in the literature. Although rare, MCTLMPs are important to identify due to potential devastating complications and good cure rates with surgical removal. We present a 43 year old female with a nuanced constellation of comorbidities and confirmed MCTLMP following a workup for abdominal pain and irritative lower urinary tract symptoms. Notably, this tumor did not change in size over a 3-year course of serial imaging prior to surgical excision. This urachal MCTLMP represents roughly the 26th and one of the smallest of its subtype reported in the literature. This case illustrates the diagnosis and management of this rare urachal MCTLMP. Individual patient medical history, clinical considerations, and neoplasm characteristics are examined. Although rare, the potential for increased malignancy and potential complications necessitates surgical management and further investigation by the academic community.


BMC Surgery ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Manu Vats ◽  
Lovenish Bains ◽  
Pawan Lal ◽  
Shramana Mandal

Abstract Background Gallbladder cancer is a very aggressive type of biliary tract cancer. The only curative treatment is complete surgical excision of the tumour. However, even after surgery, there is still a risk of recurrence of the cancer. Case presentation A 63-year-old gentleman presented with the complaint of a non-healing ulcer at upper abdomen for the last 1 month. He had undergone a laparoscopic cholecystectomy at a private centre 4 months ago. Investigations confirmed the diagnosis of epigastric port site metastasis from a primary from gall bladder adenocarcinoma. After undergoing completion radical cholecystectomy with wide local excision of the epigastric ulcer, he received 6 cycles of concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Eighteen months later, he presented to us with bilateral axillary swellings. Investigations confirmed isolated bilateral axillary metastasis and the patient underwent a bilateral axillary lymphadenectomy (Level 3). However, PET scan after 6 months showed widespread metastasis and the patient succumbed to the illness 1 month later. Conclusion Axillary metastasis probably occurs due to the presence of microscopic systemic metastasis at the time of development of port site metastasis. An R0 resection of the malignancy is the only viable option for effective therapy. The present case highlights the rare involvement of isolated bilateral axillary lymph nodes as a distant metastatic site with no evidence of disease in the locoregional site. However, the prognosis after metastasis remains dismal despite multiple treatment modalities.


Author(s):  
Manavadaria Yash C ◽  
Kale Tejraj P ◽  
Naik Veena V ◽  
Motimath Abhishek S

Verruciform xanthoma is a specific but not so common, papillary growth typically occurring on the oral mucosa of middle-aged persons. It is a unique entity and has found to be incident in 0.025-0.05% of all cases reported as per the literature study. One such case of 75 days duration was successfully managed with complete local surgical excision. The surgical site was monitored for one year postoperatively with no signs of recurrence or other postoperative complications. Clinical perspective, histopathological highlights and differential interpretation is discussed in this article with an in-depth review of the literature. It is important to consider this rare entity in the differential diagnosis of lesions involving oral mucosa as its clinical and histological features overlap with several other lesions.


2022 ◽  
pp. 519-521
Author(s):  
Mohd Monis ◽  
Divyashree Koppal ◽  
Aiman Ibbrahim ◽  
Zeeshan Nahid

Gastrointestinal liposarcomas are extremely rare with the most common reported morphological subtype being dedifferentiated liposarcoma and well-differentiated liposarcoma. These tumors are rarely diagnosed preoperatively and diagnosis is only confirmed on histopathological analysis. Treatment of gastrointestinal liposarcomas consists of surgical excision with widely negative margins followed by post-operative irradiation and close follow-up. We report an exceedingly rare case of myxoid liposarcoma of the small bowel (ileum) presenting with an unusual presentation with intussusception and intestinal obstruction. A 42-year-old male presented to the emergency department with features of intestinal obstruction. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography abdomen revealed ileo-ileal intussusception with an endoluminal soft-tissue lesion at the leading edge. The patient was taken for surgical intervention and the involved segment of the bowel along with the lesion was resected and re-anastomosis done. Histological sections of the mass along with immunohistochemistry suggested the pathological diagnosis of myxoid liposarcoma.


2022 ◽  
pp. 089875642110735
Author(s):  
Cileah M. Kretsch ◽  
Katharine M. Simpson ◽  
Jennifer E. Rawlinson ◽  
Hannah Laurence ◽  
Terry R. Spraker

A 19-year-old male castrated llama presented with a 3-year history of tooth root abscesses and an osseous mass on the left mandible. Surgical excision of the affected teeth and mass was performed, and histopathologic review indicated that the mass was an oral squamous cell carcinoma. The patient was admitted to the hospital again 4 months later in severe respiratory distress with submandibular edema, and bicavitary effusion. Necropsy results revealed regional and distant metastatic squamous cell carcinoma.


Cancers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 377
Author(s):  
Ignazio Stanganelli ◽  
Francesco Spagnolo ◽  
Giuseppe Argenziano ◽  
Paolo A. Ascierto ◽  
Franco Bassetto ◽  
...  

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (CSCC) account for about 20% of all keratinocyte carcinomas, which are the most common form of cancer. Heterogeneity of treatments and low mortality are a challenge in obtaining accurate incidence data and consistent registration in cancer registries. Indeed, CSCC mostly presents as an indolent, low-risk lesion, with five-year cure rates greater than 90% after surgical excision, and only few tumors are associated with a high-risk of local or distant relapse; therefore, it is particularly relevant to identify high-risk lesions among all other low-risk CSCCs for the proper diagnostic and therapeutic management. Chemotherapy achieves mostly short-lived responses that do not lead to a curative effect and are associated with severe toxicities. Due to an etiopathogenesis largely relying on chronic UV radiation exposure, CSCC is among the tumors with the highest rate of somatic mutations, which are associated with increased response rates to immunotherapy. Thanks to such strong pre-clinical rationale, clinical trials led to the approval of anti-PD-1 cemiplimab by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) and EMA (European Medicines Agency), and anti-PD-1 pembrolizumab by the FDA only. Here, we provide a literature review and clinical recommendations by a panel of experts regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of CSCC.


2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 10
Author(s):  
Diogo Roque ◽  
Daniel Cabral ◽  
Cristina Rodrigues ◽  
Nuno Simas

Background: Hemangioblastomas commonly occur in the posterior fossa and are typically attributed to sporadic or familial Von Hippel–Lindau disease. Spinal hemangioblastomas, found in 7–10% of patients, are usually located within the cord (i.e., intramedullary). Here, a 58-year-old male presented with a purely extradural hemangioblastoma involving a spinal root that was surgically excised. Case Description: A 58-year-old male was admitted with a progressive paraparesis and incomplete sensory deficit. The magnetic resonance imaging documented a solid dumbbell-shaped lesion that extended through the left T3-T4 foramen resulting in nerve root and spinal cord compression. Following arterial embolization and lesion excision by both neurosurgeons and thoracic surgeons, the patient’s deficits improved. The postoperative computed tomography scan documented complete tumor removal, and the neuropathology revealed a hemangioblastoma. Conclusion: Here, we describe a 58-year-old male with a purely extradural thoracic foraminal T3-T4 dumbbell-shaped hemangioblastoma successfully treated by both embolization and surgical excision.


2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Bo Mi Gil ◽  
Myung Hee Chung ◽  
Ki-Nam Lee ◽  
Jung Im Jung ◽  
Won Jong Yoo ◽  
...  

Abstract Background To demonstrate and analyze the relatively common imaging findings in this rare primary pleural angiosarcoma (PPA). Case presentation Three cases of PPA, proven by video-assisted thoracic surgery biopsies are retrospectively reviewed. Patients were all male. Age ranges from 65 to 75 years old age (mean; 69). Major chief complaints were dyspnea and chest pain. One has a history of colon cancer, the other has a tuberculosis history and the other has no known history. Multidetector chest CT and PET CT were all done. Immunohistochemical studies were performed including CD31, CD34, or factor VIII-related antigen, vimentin, and cytokeratin. We also review the literatures on recently published PPA. All masses were from 1 to 10 cm. All three patients had multiple pleural based masses, which were ovoid in shape with relatively sharp margin in unilateral hemithorax. Multiple small circumscribed pleural masses are limited in the pleural space in two patients, whereas two, huge lobulated masses about up to 10 cm were present with pleural and extrapleural involvement in one patient. In two patients with pleural mass only, multiple pleural masses were only seen in parietal pleura in one patient and were in both visceral and parietal pleura in one patient. Pleural effusion were found in one side in one patient and in both sides in one patient. One angiosarcoma was arised from chronic tuberculotic pleurisy sequelae. All pleural masses are heterogenous with irregular internal low densities in all patients. Hematogenous metastases were found in liver, vertebra, rib in one patient, and were in lungs with mediastinal lymph node metastases in the other patient. Three patients survived for longer than 3months after diagnosis, but continued to deteriorate rapidly. Two patients underwent chemotherapy after surgical excision, and the other one with multiple metastases treated chemotherapy after CT-guided biopsy, but eventually all died. As a result of comparative analysis of a total of 13 patients’ images including 10 cases previously published, there was pleural effusion in all except 2 cases. Conclusions PPA were all necrotic without any vascularized enhancing nature, and manifested as unilateral circumscribed or localized pleural-based masses.


FACE ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 273250162110722
Author(s):  
Hannes Prescher ◽  
Shelby L. Nathan ◽  
Bruce S. Bauer ◽  
Russell R. Reid

Branchial cleft anomalies are congenital head and neck lesions that arise from incomplete maturation of the branchial apparatus during fetal development. The branchial arches are the precursors of the face, neck and pharynx, and disturbances in embryogenesis can present clinically as cysts, sinus tracts, and fistulas in predictable anatomic locations. However, there remains controversy regarding the precise embryogenesis of branchial cleft anomalies with several competing theories. These lesions often evade diagnosis in early childhood and may present in a delayed fashion after multiple failed interventions. Various diagnostic modalities have been described to facilitate clinical workup. Definitive treatment is complete surgical excision of the lesion. We present a comprehensive review of the literature along with several illustrative cases that highlight the unique challenges of diagnosis and surgical management of branchial cleft anomalies.


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