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2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Thais Faria ◽  
◽  
Marcio Alves ◽  
Guilherme Potratz ◽  
Luiz Felipe Silva ◽  
...  
Keyword(s):  
Icp Ms ◽  

Author(s):  
Iria Rujido-Santos ◽  
Paloma Herbello-Hermelo ◽  
María Carmen Barciela-Alonso ◽  
Pilar Bermejo-Barrera ◽  
Antonio Moreda-Piñeiro

Metals, metallic compounds, and, recently, metallic nanoparticles appear in textiles due to impurities from raw materials, contamination during the manufacturing process, and/or their deliberate addition. However, the presence of lead, cadmium, chromium (VI), arsenic, mercury, and dioctyltin in textile products is regulated in Europe (Regulation 1907/2006). Metal determination in fabrics was performed by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) after microwave-assisted acid digestion. The ICP-MS procedure has been successfully validated; relative standard deviations were up to 3% and analytical recoveries were within the 90–107% range. The developed method was applied to several commercial textiles, and special attention has been focused on textiles with nanofinishing (fabrics prepared with metallic nanoparticles for providing certain functionalities). Arsenic content (in textile T4) and lead content (in subsamples T1-1, T1-2, and T3-3) were found to exceed the maximum limits established by the European Regulation 1907/2006. Although impregnation of yarns with mercury compounds is not allowed, mercury was quantified in fabrics T1-2, T5, and T6. Further speciation studies for determining hexavalent chromium species in sample T9 are necessary (hexavalent chromium is the only species of chromium regulated). Some textile products commercialised in Europe included in this study do not comply with European regulation 1907/2006.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Pei Lv ◽  
Yu Shengyao ◽  
et al.

Table S1: U-Th-Pb LA-ICP-MS data of zircons from metamafic rocks in the Oulongbuluke Block. Table S2: LA-MC-ICP-MS Lu-Hf isotope data of zircons from metamafic rocks in the Oulongbuluke Block. Table S3: Major and trace element compositions of metamafic rocks in the Oulongbuluke Block.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Pei Lv ◽  
Yu Shengyao ◽  
et al.

Table S1: U-Th-Pb LA-ICP-MS data of zircons from metamafic rocks in the Oulongbuluke Block. Table S2: LA-MC-ICP-MS Lu-Hf isotope data of zircons from metamafic rocks in the Oulongbuluke Block. Table S3: Major and trace element compositions of metamafic rocks in the Oulongbuluke Block.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Author(s):  
Ke Fu ◽  
Yinglian Song ◽  
Dewei Zhang ◽  
Min Xu ◽  
Ruixia Wu ◽  
...  

Qishiwei Zhenzhu pills (QSW) was first recorded in the Tibetan medicine classic Si Bu Yi Dian and has been used to treat “Baimai” disease, stroke, paralysis, hemiplegia, cerebral hemorrhage, and other diseases till today. This prescription contains more than 70 medicines including myrobalan, pearl, agate, opal, bezoar, coral, musk, gold, silver, and a mineral mixture Zuotai. As a result, QSW contains a large amount of mercury, copper, lead, and other trace elements. The aim of this study was to determine the 18 trace elements (lithium, beryllium, scandium, vanadium, chromium, manganese, cobalt, nickel, copper, arsenic, strontium, argentum, cadmium, cesium, barium, lead, aurum, and mercury) in 10 batches of QSW produced by 5 pharmaceutical companies (Ganlu Tibetan Medicine Co., Ltd. has 6 different batches) by direct inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). ICP-MS is a rapid, sensitive, accurate methodology allowing the determination of 18 elements simultaneously. The results showed that each element had an excellent linear relationship in the corresponding mass concentration range. The results showed that the rank order of the elements in QSW was copper > mercury > lead from high to low, with the mass fraction higher than 6000 μg/kg; the mass fractions of argentum, arsenic, manganese, aurum, strontium, barium, chromium, and nickel were in the range of 33–1034 μg/kg; and the mass fractions of vanadium, cobalt, lithium, beryllium, cadmium, scandium, and cesium were lower than 10 μg/kg. The reproducibility from the same manufacturer (Tibet Ganlu Tibetan Medicine Co., Ltd.) was relatively high; however, the element amounts among 5 manufacturers were different, which could affect the efficacy and toxicity of QSW. All in all, ICP-MS can be used as an effective tool for the analysis of trace elements in QSW and standard quality control needs to be enforced across different manufactures.


Author(s):  
Nils Reinhardt ◽  
Axel Gerdes ◽  
Aratz Beranoaguirre ◽  
Max Frenzel ◽  
Lawrence D. Meinert ◽  
...  

AbstractHere, we present in situ U–Pb laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) ages of andradite-grossular garnet from four magmatic-hydrothermal polymetallic skarn prospects in the Schwarzenberg District, Erzgebirge (Germany), located in the internal zone of the Variscan Orogenic Belt. Within the geochronological framework of igneous rocks and hydrothermal mineralization in the Erzgebirge, the obtained garnet ages define three distinct episodes of Variscan skarn formation: (I) early late-collisional mineralization (338–331 Ma) recording the onset of magmatic-hydrothermal fluid flow shortly after the peak metamorphic event, (II) late-collisional mineralization (~ 327–310 Ma) related to the emplacement of large peraluminous granites following large-scale extension caused by orogenic collapse and (III) post-collisional mineralization (~ 310–295 Ma) contemporaneous with widespread volcanism associated with Permian crustal reorganization. Our results demonstrate that the formation of skarns in the Schwarzenberg District occurred episodically in all sub-stages of the Variscan orogenic cycle over a time range of at least 40 Ma. This observation is consistent with the age range of available geochronological data related to magmatic-hydrothermal ore deposits from other internal zones of the Variscan Orogenic Belt in central and western Europe. In analogy to the time–space relationship of major porphyry-Cu belts in South America, the congruent magmatic-hydrothermal evolution in the internal zones and the distinctly later (by ~ 30 Ma) occurrence of magmatic-hydrothermal ore deposits in the external zones of the Variscan Orogenic Belt may be interpreted as a function of their tectonic position relative to the Variscan collisional front.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Chao Wang ◽  
et al.

Text S1: Analytical methods. Figure S1: Zr versus selected element variation diagrams to highlight the effects of alteration and metamorphism for the basalts from Langjiexue area. Figure S2: (A) Ti/Y vs. TiO2, and (B) Ti/Y vs. MgO diagrams for the basalt samples from the Langjiexue in Tethyan Himalaya. Table S1: Representative Permian-Triassic magmatic events along the Tethyan Himalaya. Table S2: Zircon LA-ICP-MS U-Pb in-situ analyzing results for zircons from the Langjiexue basalts. Table S3: Whole-rock major, trace element and Sr-Nd isotope data of Langjiexue basalts.


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