International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology
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Published By International Journal For Research In Applied Science And Engineering Technology (Ijraset)

2321-9653
Updated Thursday, 28 October 2021

Author(s):  
Dr. C. K. Gomathy

Abstract: Every day new technology is arriving and billions of people were connected to the Internet. Purchasing goods, groceries, clothes everything is online. He or She can able to place the order from their smartphone within a minute. But, Farmers are still lack of benefitting from the internet. As we all knew that Farmers are the backbone of our country and without them, we can’t complete a day. Well, this idea is completely dedicated to farmers and helps them in generating good profitable revenue by using our platform. This is an online eCommerce platform that enables a farmer to buy or sell anything related to the agriculture and farming category by simply creating an account. Strictly all vendors are farmers since it is dedicated to them. The ultimate objective of the idea is to help a farmer with good revenue for their goods. Nowadays smartphone is like a coin in a pocket. So, it’s not a big question of thinking about smartphones with a farmer. Also, most of them are already familiar with social media accounts and it is quite easy to play with our online e-platform. But, there will be demo videos for each like registration, adding products, payment, etc. Safe payment gateway with a good logistic delivery partner, A farmer can do profitable business from his/her home itself. Both time and energy are also saved. Keywords: Agriculture, Cultivator, E-Platform, Multiple Vendor, Store, Payment Gateway Integration, Irrigation


Author(s):  
Pankaj Kumar Singh

Abstract : In recent years, as a result of advancing VLSI technology, Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) has received a great deal of attention and has been adopted in many new generation wideband data communication systems such as IEEE 802.11a, IEEE 802.16e, HiPerLAN/2, Digital Audio/Video Broadcasting (DAB/DVB), and for 4G Radio mobile communications. This is because of its high bandwidth efficiency as the use of orthogonal waveforms with overlapping spectra. The immunity to multipath fading channel and the capability for parallel signal processing make it a promising candidate for the next generation mobile communication systems. The modulation and demodulation of OFDM based communication systems can be efficiently implemented with an FFT and IFFT, which has made the FFT valuable for those communication systems. The complexity of an OFDM system highly depends upon the computation of Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) algorithm. With the advent of new technology in the fields of VLSI and communication, there is also an ever growing demand for high speed processing and low area design. It is also a well-known fact that the multiplier unit forms an integral part of processor design. Due to this regard, high speed multiplier architectures become the need of the day.


Author(s):  
Tharun Palla

Abstract: With rapid growth in personal luxury and increasing jobs, People are comfortable using their personal vehicles rather than public transport to fulfill their transportation needs. This is because of ease of access and feasibility to use the vehicles at their own will at any point of time. It is leading to heavy traffic congestions and long waiting periods at traffic signals which is becoming a heavy burden in all major cities and will be affecting environment because of pollution caused by so many vehicles and also will disturb the individual’s time schedule. This paper proposes a system using data analytics, machine learning algorithms, Internet of things to predict the traffic flow, generate precise data about real time traffic congestions at that instant and rerouting the vehicles using navigation through a less congested path ultimately developing an Intelligent Traffic Management system. The architecture of the system is based on image analysis of vehicles using cameras at signals, using GPS in mobiles to monitor traffic in particular route. The combination of these two can be used to generate useful data about traffic congestions. Next part is calculating the efficient path to reach the destination with the generated data to minimize traffic and reach destination short period of time. The generated efficient route and traffic intensity is updated to the user with the help of maps application. Keywords: data analytics, machine learning, GPS, image analysis, intelligent traffic management system, Internet of things


Author(s):  
A. Sai Ram

Abstract: Across the world in our day-to-day life, we come across various medical inaccuracies caused due to unreliable patient’s reminiscence. Statistically, communication problems are the most significant aspect that hampers the diagnosis of patient’s diseases. So, this paper represents the best theoretical solution to achieve patient care in the most adequate way. In these pandemic days, the communication gap between the patient and the physician has begun to decline to a nominal level. This paper demonstrates a vital solution and a steppingstone to the complete digitalization of the client’s illness catalogue. To attain the solution in a specified manner we are using adverse pre-existential technologies like data warehousing, database management system, cloud computing, big data, etc. We also persistently maintain the most secure, impenetrable infrastructure enabling the client’s data privacy. Keywords: Illness catalogue, cloud computing, data warehousing, database management systems, big data.


Author(s):  
T Heena Fayaz

Abstract: The way politicians communicate with the electorateand run electoral campaigns was reshaped by the emergence and popularization of contemporary social media (SM), such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram social networks (SN). Due to inherent capabilities of SM, such as the large amount of available data accessed in real time, a new research subject has emerged, focusing on using SM data to predict election outcomes. Despite many studies conducted in the last decade, results are very controversial, and many times challenged. In this context, this work aims to investigate and summarize how research on predicting elections based on SM data has evolved since its beginning, to outline the state of both the art and the practice,and to identify research opportunities within this field. In termsof method, we performed a systematic literature review analyzingthe quantity and quality of publications, the electoral context of studies, the main approaches to and characteristics of the successful studies, as well as their main strengths and challenges, and compared our results with previous reviews. We identified and analyzed 83 relevant studies, and the challenges were identified in many areas such as process, sampling, modeling, performance evaluation and scientific rigor. Main findings include the low success of the most-used approach, namely volume and sentiment analysis on Twitter, and the better results with new approaches, such as regression methods trained with traditional polls. Finally, a vision of future research on integrating advances on process definitions, modeling, and evaluation is also discussed, pointing out, among others, the need for better investigating the application of state-of-art machine learning approaches. Index Terms: Elections, Social Media, Social Networks, Machine Learning, Systematic Review


Author(s):  
Sivasankari M

Abstract: A major issue in public places like shopping malls, museums and hospitals is parking. Parking is the main service used by the people in these private units. The management of these public units invests more time and money in designing parking systems. Existing parking systems are equipped with appropriate sensors and controllers to count the parked cars automatically, but it does not indicate empty parking slots. These systems consume more power and tend to wireless interference. The proposed system, namely, Visible Light Communication based Smart Parking System introduces Visible Light Communication, a data communication technology using a low power Arduino Uno – Atmega328microcontroller to help drivers to get real-time parking information. Real-time information on free parking slots helps drivers to save time and reduce fuel consumption. Visible Light Communication (VLC) or Li Fi or Optical Wireless technology means the wireless data transfer using LED. Wireless interference is greatly reduced by using VLC. The proposed system is suitable for multiple floor buildings, which involves data gathering from parking side modules integrated in multiple floors of the building. Parking side modules continuously collects the data and intimates the module integrated in the vehicle section. The module in the vehicle section interfaces a GSM modem to send the detected information to the user mobile. The result of the proposed system is validated in an indoor environment. Keywords: LED, LI-FI, WI-FI


Author(s):  
Srutanjay Ramesh

Abstract: In this paper, an autonomous Mars Rover is designed using the software SOLIDWORKS and a mechanical model is developed with in-depth simulations to analyse the functions of the vehicle. Furthermore, a graphical user interface is also developed based on the principles of Internet of Things using Node-Red to control and monitor the rover remotely. The red planet, i.e.; Mars, has been the centre of attraction for over 2 decades now, with astrophysicists and engineers working in unison to build devices and launch shuttle programs to understand and learn about the planet and gather more intelligence. This paper proposes the detailed development of a 6-wheeled rover that could explore the terrains of Mars, featuring a stereo vision system that could provide live video coverage and a robotic arm that can facilitate investigation of the surface, in an attempt to contribute to and fulfil the human race’s mission to Mars. It employs multiple onboard sensors that can acquire necessary data pertaining to the environmental conditions and actuators that enable functionality, with the sensors and actuators integrated onto a control system based on microcontrollers and microprocessors such as Arduino and Raspberry Pi. The rover also has a provision of a payload bay in its rear which enables it to carry loads. The SOLIDWORKS tool from Dassault systèmes is used to design and model the rover and carry out static analysis and motion studies. The GUI developed in the further sections allows overall voice control for the user and makes the task of monitoring the rover a much simpler task by eliminating the complexity that rises due to multiple control platforms. Keywords: Mars Rover, Graphical User Interface (GUI), Chassis, Mastcam, Actuators, Internet of Things (IoT), Nitinol, Payload


Author(s):  
Ashmita Pandey

Abstract: A decentralised, Secure, Peer-to-Peer Multi-Voting System on Ethereum Blockchain is a distributed ledger technology (DLT) that permits virtual votes to be transacted in a peer-to-peer decentralized network. Those transactions are validated and registered through every node of the network, so creating a transparent and immutable series of registered events whose truthfulness is supplied through a consensus protocol. Smart contract automates the execution of agreement that runs routinely as soon as the conditions are satisfied. Smart contract would not need any third parties consequently prevents time loss. By Eliminating the requirement for third parties, consequently, allows numerous processes to be extra efficient and economical. The system is secure, reliable, and anonymous. Smart contract is enforced for the Ethereum network using the Ethereum wallets and also the Solidity language. Users are capable of submit their votes immediately from their Ethereum wallets, and those transaction requests is handled with the consensus of each single Ethereum node. This creates a transparent environment for evoting. A lot of concerning efficiency of the peer-to-peer decentralized electoral system on Ethereum network along with application and the outcomes of implementation are provided in this paper. Keywords: Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT), Consensus Protocol, Smart Contracts, Ethereum, Solidity


Author(s):  
Sayana Suseela Rao

Abstract: The most and constantly visible institution of governance” police” constitute the embodiment more pervasively than any other unit of administration. In a democratic welfare policy like India, the police, in addition to their primary role of maintenance of law and order, prevention and detection of crime, have to perform the crucial task of reconciliation of authority with human dignity and personal liberty and assure the functions of a social service organization. Police have to operate within the legal framework and in conformity with the Indian constitution. Its activities are constantly scrutinized by the judiciary, legislature, and the people. They have to be courteous, gentle, and friendly with the law-abiding citizens and have to be tough and fearsome to the criminals and law breakers being the executives of law and executers of the rule of law. They should ensure the safety of the lives and properties of the citizens. They should provide relief and succor to the needy and so should develop an attitude ode of respect for the dignity of the citizens, understanding the human rights and strict adherence to the principles will earn goodwill and adulation of the people. The equations between the police and the community have to be built on firm foundations of social accountability and mutual appreciation and support. The mantle of ideal citizen is the most prominent one for the policeman. A law-abiding policeman is the visible symbol of all that is good in society. On his moral and ethical fiber, depends on the quality of life in a democracy. They have to be model law-abiding citizen even when dealing with the hardened criminals. The policeman stands for good citizenship, on emblem of’ Truth’ and ‘Right.’ He is the reality that the most ignorant man can comprehend. Keywords: police, Democratic welfare policy, law and order, legal framework, judiciary, legislature, criminals and law breakers, law abiding citizens, rule of law, executives of law, social accountability, moral ethical fiber.


Author(s):  
Vidyabhusan Patel

Abstract: This paper investigates the characteristics of a gear system including contact stresses, bending stresses, and the transmission errors of gears in mesh. The objective of this paper is to compare values of contact stress and dynamic analysis obtained by theoretical hertz equation with the ANSYS result. A two stage spur gear box has been designed for material handling application by manual calculation and then performs contact stress and dynamic Simulation to ensure its reliable working. The results of the two-dimensional Finite Element Method (FEM) analysis from ANSYS and theoretical results are well comparable. Keywords: involute, spur gear, contact stress, dynamic analysis, finite element analysis


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