psychometric properties
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Body Image ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 40 ◽  
pp. 103-109
Rachael E. Flatt ◽  
Anna M. Karam ◽  
Ellen E. Fitzsimmons-Craft ◽  
Katherine N. Balantekin ◽  
Andrea K. Graham ◽  

2022 ◽  
Carmen Lișman ◽  

Marital infidelity is both socially perceived as immoral and very frequent. This contradiction might be explained through the process of moral disengagement, specifically by the use of certain socially shared moral justifications of infidelity, which consequently foster unfaithful behavior. This research developed and examined the Infidelity Moral Disengagement Scale (IMDS), aiming to capture the strategies of morally legitimizing infidelity used among people engaged in marital relationships. Across two studies (total N = 609 married participants) we investigated the dimensions and psychometric properties of the IMDS. Results showed that the dominant strategies of legitimizing marital infidelity are the diffusion of responsibility, the attribution of blame on the cheated partner, advantageous comparisons with other immoral acts, justifying infidelity through certain benefits, and minimizing its negative consequences. The IMDS emerged as negatively related to moral identity and strongly associated to people’s past infidelity and to their tendency to engage in unfaithful behaviors.

Religions ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 79
Beata Zarzycka ◽  
Dariusz Krok ◽  
Kamil Tomaka ◽  
Radosław Rybarski

Prayer is one of the most important aspects of religious/spiritual life. The psychological literature has identified various types of prayer and a few methods for measuring it. The Multidimensional Prayer Inventory (MPI) has received much attention from researchers since it allows for the capture of the most universal forms of prayer, characteristic of the Judeo-Christian tradition: Adoration, Confession, Thanksgiving, Supplication, and Reception. The aim of this article was to examine psychometric properties and clinical applications of the Polish MPI. In four studies, we established the internal structure of the MPI using Principal Component Analysis (PCA, study 1) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA, study 2), examined its validity and reliability in relation to religiousness (study 3), and analysed its clinical application (study 4). The Polish MPI has been confirmed as a reliable and valid measure of five types of prayer for use in research settings.

BMC Cancer ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Maribel Salas ◽  
Margaret Mordin ◽  
Colleen Castro ◽  
Zahidul Islam ◽  
Nora Tu ◽  

Abstract Background To identify and describe the breast cancer–specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instruments with evidence of validation in the breast cancer population for potential use in patients treated for breast cancer (excluding surgery). Methods We conducted a systematic literature review using PubMed, Embase, and PsycINFO databases to identify articles that contain psychometric properties of HRQoL instruments used in patients with breast cancer. Relevant literature from January 1, 2009, to August 19, 2019, was searched. Articles published in English that reported psychometric properties (reliability, validity) of HRQoL instruments were identified. Results The database search yielded 613 unique records; 131 full-text articles were reviewed; 80 articles presented psychometric data for instruments used in breast cancer (including generic measures). This article reviews the 33 full articles describing psychometric properties of breast cancer-specific HRQoL instruments: EORTC QLQ-C30, EORTC QLQ-BR23, FACT-B, FBSI, NFBSI-16, YW-BCI36, BCSS, QuEST-Br, QLICP-BR, INA-BCHRQoL, and two newly developed unnamed measures, one by Deshpande and colleagues (for use in India) and one by Vanlemmens and colleagues (for use among young women and their partners). The articles that described the EORTC QLQ-C30, QLQ-BR23, and FACT-B centered on validating translations, providing additional support for content validity, and demonstrating acceptability of electronic patient-reported outcome administration. Psychometric properties of the measures were acceptable. Several new measures have been developed in Asia with an emphasis on development on cultural relevance/sensitivity. Others focused on specific populations (i.e., young women with breast cancer). Conclusions Historically, there have been limited options for validated measures to assess HRQoL of patients with breast cancer. A number of new measures have been developed and validated, offering promising options for assessing HRQoL in this patient population. This review supports the reliability and validity of the EORTC QLQ-C30 and FACT-B; new translations and electronic versions of these measures further support their use for this population.

Azam Rahmani ◽  
Susanne Grylka-Baeschlin ◽  
Arezoo Fallahi ◽  
Leila Allahqoli ◽  
Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh ◽  

Zohreh Shahhosseini ◽  
Marzieh Azizi ◽  
Rahmatollah Marzband ◽  
Seyedeh-Fatemeh Ghaffari ◽  
Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi

Xiaobao Li ◽  
Chen Wang ◽  
Houchao Lyu ◽  
Frank C. Worrell ◽  
Zena R. Mello

Orlando Scoppetta ◽  
Carlos Arturo Cassiani-Miranda ◽  
Yinneth Andrea Arismendy-López ◽  
Andrés Felipe Tirado-Otálvaro

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