sulfur cathodes
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2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Chenrayan Senthil ◽  
Sun-Sik Kim ◽  
Hyun Young Jung

AbstractPolymer binders for sulfur cathodes play a very critical role as they prerequisites for an in-situ immobilization against polysulfide shuttle and volume change, while ensuring good adhesion within active materials for ion conduction along with robust mechanical and chemical stability. Here, we demonstrate anionic surface charge facilitated bio-polymer binder for sulfur cathodes enabling excellent performance and fire safety improvement. The aqueous-processable tragacanth gum-based binder is adjusted to house high sulfur loading over 12 mg cm−2 without compromising the sulfur utility and reversibility, imparting high accessibility for Li-ions to sulfur particles about 80%. The intrinsic rod and sphere-like saccharidic conformal fraction’s multifunctional polar units act as active channels to reach the sulfur particles. As a result, the binder entraps polysulfides with 46% improvement and restrains the volume changes within 16 % even at 4 C. Moreover, the flexible Li-S battery delivers a stack gravimetric energy density of 243 Wh kg–1, demonstrating high reactivity of sulfur along with good shape conformality, which would open an avenue for the potential development of the compact and flexible high-power device.

2022 ◽  
pp. 577-582
Matthew Li ◽  
Wenwen Liu ◽  
Dan Luo ◽  
Zhongwei Chen ◽  
Khalil Amine ◽  

Elena Markevich ◽  
Gregory Salitra ◽  
Hideki Yoshida ◽  
Shunsuke Sawada ◽  
Doron Aurbach

Abstract We report on stabilization of Li-S cells with different types of composite sulfur cathodes using ethereal LiTFSI/LiNO3/DOL/DME electrolyte solutions containing a-priori 0.1M Li2S8. These electrolyte solutions enable an improved cycling behavior for Li-S cells compared to Li2S8-free electrolyte solutions, thanks to the presence of LiSx species from the beginning of operation. We show that Li anodes cycled in Li|S cells with solutions containing Li2S8 possess flatter and more uniform surface, higher dimensions of the surface structures in average and, as a result, a lower surface area. This surface morphology ensures a low rate of parasitic surface reactions of the electrolyte components on the Li anodes’ surface, slower depletion of the electrolyte solution in the cells and stabilization of the cells cycling. Besides, the presence of Li2S8 maintains a better integrity of composite sulfur/carbon/PVdF cathodes, ensuring a better electronic contact between the particles in the composite cathodes. We believe that we outline herein a logical approach for practical Li-S batteries, emphasizing high energy density, cost effectiveness and relatively simple production procedures.

2021 ◽  
Vol 105 (1) ◽  
pp. 225-229
Anna V. Potapenko ◽  
Oleksandr V. Potapenko ◽  
Oleksandr V. Krushevskyi ◽  
Miaomiao Zhou

The paper discusses the electrochemical behavior of a Li-S battery with a new water-soluble binder NV-1A. It is shown that the main contribution is made by the interface, which is formed on the lithium counter electrode. It is noteworthy that the nonlinear growth of the resistance of SEI layer during the discharge process correlates with the change in the resistance of charge transfer through the interface.

2021 ◽  
pp. 2103773
Xiaodong Meng ◽  
Xing Liu ◽  
Xueying Fan ◽  
Xin Chen ◽  
Shang Chen ◽  

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