ion uptake
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2021 ◽  
Marziyeh Babaei ◽  
Leila Shabani ◽  
shahla hashemi shahraki

Abstract Background: Plant growth, physiological and biochemical processes are severely affected by soil salinity. In the present study, toward investigating the interaction of antioxidants and salt stress in Lepidium sativum seedlings, two antioxidants (β-carotene and gallic acid) were sprayed on the plants. Results: The findings revealed that total dry and fresh weight were adversely affected by 25 mM NaCl salinity stress. Moreover, K+ content decreased while Na+ content increased significantly. The application of β-carotene and gallic acid significantly improved tolerance to salt stress by regulating ion uptake, reducing H2O2 and malondialdehyde (MDA) content, as well as increasing enzymatic antioxidant activity and phenolic, glutathione, and chlorophyll content. Conclusions: Our findings are indicative of β-carotene and gallic acid in the induction of salt tolerance in economically important crops.

2021 ◽  
pp. 127983
Chao Guo ◽  
Jingjing Hu ◽  
Wenqiang Gao ◽  
Peipei Gao ◽  
Zhiyan Cao ◽  

2021 ◽  
pp. 112345
Mehmet Fatih Cengiz ◽  
Fatih Sen ◽  
Ayse Kevser Bilgin ◽  
Cennet Pelin Boyaci-Gunduz

2021 ◽  
Saaz Sakrikar ◽  
Amy Schmid

Histones, ubiquitous in eukaryotes as DNA-packing proteins, find their evolutionary origins in archaea. Unlike the characterized histone proteins of a number of methanogenic and themophilic archaea, previous research indicated that HpyA, the sole histone encoded in the model halophile Halobacterium salinarum, is not involved in DNA packaging. Instead, it was found to have widespread but subtle effects on gene expression and to maintain wild type cell morphology; however, its precise function remains unclear. Here we use quantitative phenotyping, genetics, and functional genomic to investigate HpyA function. These experiments revealed that HpyA is important for growth and rod-shaped morphology in reduced salinity. HpyA preferentially binds DNA at discrete genomic sites under low salt to regulate expression of ion uptake, particularly iron. HpyA also globally but indirectly activates other ion uptake and nucleotide biosynthesis pathways in a salt-dependent manner. Taken together, these results demonstrate an alternative function for an archaeal histone-like protein as a transcriptional regulator, with its function tuned to the physiological stressors of the hypersaline environment.

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