graphene nanoplatelets
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
pp. 1026-1033
Irfan Shabbir ◽  
Dong-Min Lee ◽  
Dong Chul Choo ◽  
Yong Hun Lee ◽  
Kwan Kyu Park ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 177 ◽  
pp. 114478
Jiongjiong Li ◽  
Fudong Zhang ◽  
Yan Lyu ◽  
Shuaicheng Jiang ◽  
Xiaona Li ◽  

Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 503
Qiangu Yan ◽  
Timothy Ketelboeter ◽  
Zhiyong Cai

Nickel (Ni)-lignin nanocomposites were synthesized from nickel nitrate and kraft lignin then catalytically graphitized to few-layer graphene-encapsulated nickel nanoparticles (Ni@G). Ni@G nanoparticles were used for catalytic decomposition of methane (CDM) to produce COx-free hydrogen and graphene nanoplatelets. Ni@G showed high catalytic activity for methane decomposition at temperatures of 800 to 900 °C and exhibited long-term stability of 600 min time-on-stream (TOS) without apparent deactivation. The catalytic stability may be attributed to the nickel dispersion in the Ni@G sample. During the CDM reaction process, graphene shells over Ni@G nanoparticles were cracked and peeled off the nickel cores at high temperature. Both the exposed nickel nanoparticles and the cracked graphene shells may participate the CDM reaction, making Ni@G samples highly active for CDM reaction. The vacancy defects and edges in the cracked graphene shells serve as the active sites for methane decomposition. The edges are continuously regenerated by methane molecules through CDM reaction.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 720
Beatriz Salesa ◽  
Alberto Tuñón-Molina ◽  
Alba Cano-Vicent ◽  
Marcelo Assis ◽  
Juan Andrés ◽  

Multi-layer graphene (2–10 layers), also called graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs), is a carbon-based nanomaterial (CBN) type with excellent properties desirable for many biomedical applications. Despite the promising advantages reported of GNPs, nanoscale materials may also present a potential hazard to humans. Therefore, in this study, the in vivo toxicity of these nanomaterials at a wide range of concentrations from 12.5 to 500 µg/mL was evaluated in the Caenorhabditis elegans model for 24 h (acute toxicity) and 72 h (chronic toxicity). Furthermore, their in vitro toxicity (from 0 to 10 µg/mL for 12 and 24 h), proliferative activity at 72 and 96 h, and their effect on the expression of thirteen genes in human keratinocytes HaCaT cells were studied. The physico-chemical and morphological aspects of the GNPs used in this study were analyzed by Raman scattering spectroscopy, electron microscopy, zeta potential as a function of pH, and particle size measurements by dynamic light scattering. The results of this study showed that GNPs showed in vivo non-toxic concentrations of 25 and 12.5 µg/mL for 24 h, and at 12.5 µg/mL for 72 h. Moreover, GNPs present time-dependent cytotoxicity (EC50 of 1.142 µg/mL and 0.760 µg/mL at 12 h and 24 h, respectively) and significant proliferative activity at the non-toxic concentrations of 0.005 and 0.01 μg/mL in the HaCaT cell line. The gene expression study showed that this multi-layer-graphene is capable of up-regulating six of the thirteen genes of human keratinocytes (SOD1, CAT, TGFB1, FN1, CDH1, and FBN), two more genes than other CBNs in their oxidized form such as multi-layer graphene oxide. Therefore, all these results reinforce the promising use of these CBNs in biomedical fields such as wound healing and skin tissue engineering.

He Ren ◽  
Eunice Cunha ◽  
Zheling Li ◽  
Lei Wang ◽  
Ian A. Kinloch ◽  

AbstractSilane-functionalized graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) were prepared using a newly developed approach based upon a simple two-step strategy. The effect of their dispersion and interfacial bonding on the mechanical properties and thermal conductivity of reinforced silicone rubber (SR) was investigated. It was found by Raman mapping that the silane-functionalized GNPs could be dispersed uniformly into the SR matrix, leading to an increase of up to 25% in Young’s modulus at only 2 parts per hundred rubber (phr) loading and a considerable enhancement of up to 150% in the thermal conductivity at 5-phr loading. Both the Young’s modulus and thermal conductivity experimental results were found to be in agreement with the values predicted using theoretical models. Graphical abstract

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document