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Author(s):  
Saida .

Agricultural strategies are changing quickly as a result of late advances in sustainable power innovation. The new headways in environmentally friendly power can be adequately utilized in the agribusiness area to decrease reliance on regular harvests water system procedures and petroleum derivatives. The Solar-Powered Smart Irrigation System intends to give an IoT arrangement in computerizing the watering interaction utilizing an Arduino-based microcontroller and sensors. It is an energy proficient and eco-accommodating framework that produces power from the photovoltaic cells to supply water to the plants from the water siphons. The watering cycle is driven by the dampness substance of the dirt utilizing sensors. Edge limit are set for soil dampness sensor to guarantee productive and viable utilization of water asset. The fundamental microcontroller unit controls the framework at whatever point the sensor is across limit esteem. Likewise, the framework has implicit temperature and dampness sensors to screen the environment condition on the particular climate. Another sensor is carried out to gauge the water tank level which fills in as capacity limit that provisions the water to the framework. With the incorporation of IoT, mechanized water system can be effectively access and distantly checked over the versatile application through a remote specialized gadget. With these shrewd water system procedures, it replaces the customary water system framework that helps decline the manual intercession and mix-ups


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Monica Butnariu ◽  
Massimiliano Peana ◽  
Ioan Sarac ◽  
Salvatore Chirumbolo ◽  
Haralampos Tzoupis ◽  
...  

AbstractDatura stramonium L. (Solanaceae) possesses a rich tropane alkaloids (TAs) spectrum. The plant contains, in particular, the allelopathic compounds scopolamine and atropine, which are poorly soluble in water, thus limiting their use in agrochemical formulations as biocidal and deterrent agents against herbivore insects. The efficacy of the hydrophobic TAs extracts could be increased with the improvement of their dissolution/leaching properties. This is important for improving screening and test performance and for elucidating the activity of environmentally friendly agricultural approaches, with new perspectives for the production and use of those biodegradable insecticidal products. The present study explores the aspects of atropine and scopolamine complexation with cyclodextrin (CDs) through FT-IR and UV–Vis spectroscopies. In addition, the structures of the inclusion complex of atropine, scopolamine and β-CD have been investigated by molecular modeling techniques. The results obtained indicate that β-CDs are a promising carriers for improving the properties of TAs, therefore increasing their application potential in agrochemical formulations. Graphic abstract


2021 ◽  
Vol 44 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-9
Author(s):  
Baki Bagriacik ◽  
Bahadir Ok ◽  
Mustafa Tahseen Mohamed Ali Kahiyah

Recently, the demand for environmentally friendly products has been increasing worldwide. In this study, the improvement of cohesive soil with a biopolymer material (Guar Gum), which is a type of additive and organic, environmentally friendly, is investigated. For this purpose, various laboratory tests have been conducted on the biopolymer-added soils, including the compaction test, the Atterberg limits test, and the unconfined compressive strength test. The samples for tests have been prepared that the biopolymer has been mixed with the soil in three different proportions to determine the optimum mixing ratio. Also, in the biopolymer-added soils, some samples have been cured at varying times to determine the effect of curing periods on their strength. For comparison, the tests performed on improved soils have been also carried out on the untreated cohesive soil. For a comprehensive evaluation, scanning electron microscopy analyses (SEM analyses) was carried out on some samples. On the other hand, X-ray fluorescence analysis (XRF analysis) was performed to have an idea about the composition of the cohesive soil. Consequently, the biopolymer additive material has improved the geotechnical properties of the cohesive soil in all mixing ratios and curing times. Moreover, the optimum mixing ratio has been obtained at 1% according to the results of tests.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Gülşah Akıncıoğlu ◽  
İlyas Uygur ◽  
Sıtkı Akıncıoğlu ◽  
Hasan Öktem

2021 ◽  
pp. 1548-1558
Author(s):  
Alīna Kļaviņa ◽  
Dace Keidāne ◽  
Renāte Šukele ◽  
Dace Bandere ◽  
Līga Kovaļčuka

Numerous treatment agents offering prophylaxis against livestock parasites are commercially available. However, because of increasing antiparasitic drug resistance, the increased popularity of environmentally friendly lifestyle choices, and organic farming, there is more demand for new alternatives to livestock anthelmintic control strategies and medications. It is important to develop antiparasitics that are safe, effective, inexpensive, and environmentally safe. Local, traditional herbal plants such as tansy, mugwort, wormwood, and heather may serve as treatments for intestinal parasites of sheep. This overview provides knowledge of traditional Latvian plants with antiparasitic activities to establish a database for further research to develop new herbal antiparasitic drugs.


2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (2) ◽  
pp. 752-763
Author(s):  
Icca Mita Monica

The manufacturing industry is an industry that pays attention to every stage of the production process. One of which is the leather industry. However, the business processes for procuring goods, selecting suppliers, making purchase documents, and others are done manually without using an integrated system so that business processes are not properly monitored. Besides, the leather industry is also environmentally unfriendly because the waste produced can pollute the environmental ecosystem. A system is needed to monitor and integrate the business processes with environmentally friendly standards based on these problems. This research focuses on developing a system based on Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) for the procurement department by applying sustainable procurement. Sustainable procurement is a procurement practice that ensures the goods purchased conform to environmentally friendly attributes that can minimize the impact of hazards on the environment. This study also aims to design a system for monitoring the procurement business process. Therefore, an analysis will be carried out to determine the Key Performance Indicator (KPI). This data will be displayed on the dashboard to show and compare the company's performance. The results of this study are the design of a sustainable procurement system and a dashboard based on ERP.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
MELCHOR SALAZAR MARTINEZ ◽  
Flavio Américo Lagos-Galván

Abstract Intermetallic Fe-Al compounds have become very interesting materials due to their properties, such as good corrosion resistance, high-temperature resistance, high resistance/weight ratios, creep resistance, good wear resistance, and low cost, including some applications where they could replace stainless steels. However, their low ductility at room temperature has limited their use. One of the solutions is to generate powders of these intermetallics and press them in the wished form. Current production methods of this type of powders are very high energy-consuming, polluting, and harmful for handling for human beings. Because of the environmental situation in our planet, it is necessary to develop more environmentally friendly processes, which have lower energy requirements. Therefore, a comparison of a novel water vapor-based FeAl powder manufacture process with Mechanical Alloying (MA), one of the most commonly used processes to produce this type of powder is made in this work. This comparison aims to focus on the advantages of the novel process concerning MA, the last one, considering environmental as well as energy criteria.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-9
Author(s):  
Ehdaa Amireh

Green marketing is a critical issue in today’s society. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of internal green marketing (IGM) on brand citizenship behavior (BCB). Drawing on the theoretical foundations of social identity theory, cognitive consistency theory, and social exchange theory, this study presents and validates a unique model that examines the mediating effect of brand trust and the moderating effect of willingness to be environmentally friendly on the relationship between IGM and BCB. Using a sample of 176 employees employed in a telecommunication company in Jordan, the findings of this study revealed that internal green marketing is a strong predictor of BCB. Further, the positive effect of internal green marketing on brand citizenship behavior is mediated by brand trust. The findings of this study also confirmed the contingent role of willingness to be environmentally friendly on the relationship between IGM and BCB. Theoretical and managerial implications have been provided accordingly.


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