silica fume
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2022 ◽  
Vol 320 ◽  
pp. 126304
Rongjin Cai ◽  
Tong Wu ◽  
Chuanqing Fu ◽  
Hailong Ye

Mansour Ghalehnovi ◽  
Naeim Roshan ◽  
Arash Taghizadeh ◽  
Elyas Asadi Shamsabadi ◽  
S. Ali Hadigheh ◽  

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 554
Juan He ◽  
Congmi Cheng ◽  
Xiaofen Zhu ◽  
Xiaosen Li

The effect of silica fume on the rheological properties of a cement–silica fume–high range water reducer–water mixture with ultra-low water binder ratio (CSHWM) was studied. The results indicate that the W/B ratio and silica fume content have different effects on the rheological parameters, including the yield stress, plastic viscosity, and hysteresis loop area. The shear-thickening influence of CSHWM decreased with the increased silica fume content. When the silica fume content increased from 0% to 35%, the mixture with W/B ratio of 0.19 and 0.23 changed from a dilatant fluid to a Newtonian fluid, and then to a pseudoplastic fluid. When the silica fume content was less than 15%, the yield stress was close to 0. With the increase of silica fume content, the yield stress increased rapidly. The plastic viscosity and hysteresis loop area decreased slightly with the addition of a small amount of silica fume, but increased significantly with the continuous increase of silica fume. Compared with the Bingham and modified Bingham models, the Herschel–Buckley model is more applicable for this CSHWM.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 547
Charlotte Dewitte ◽  
Alexandra Bertron ◽  
Mejdi Neji ◽  
Laurie Lacarrière ◽  
Alexandre Dauzères

Concretes can be exposed to a magnesium attack in several environments leading to the formation of magnesium silicate hydrates (M-S-H) and brucite (MH). The formation of M-S-H is likely to alter the properties of the cement matrix because it is linked to the decalcification of C-S-H. However, relatively few data on M-S-H exist in the literature. In order to characterize, physically and mechanically, the M-S-H phase, pure M-S-H cohesive pastes are needed. This work studies the formation of cohesive M-S-H pastes made with MgO-to-SiO2 atomic ratios of 0.78, 1 and 1.3, from two types of silica (silica fume or colloidal silica) and under 20 °C and 50 °C thermal curing. X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analyses confirmed that the consumption of brucite and the formation of M-S-H were quicker with a 50 °C curing. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and microtomography showed that colloidal silica enabled a better distribution of the particles than silica fume. Microstructural characterizations were conducted under the protocol with colloidal silica and 50 °C thermal curing. Porosity investigations allowed to describe the M-S-H pastes as highly porous materials with a low content of micropores in comparison with mesopores. The type of mixing influenced the mesopore size distribution.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 428
Kyong Ku Yun ◽  
Jong Beom Kim ◽  
Chang Seok Song ◽  
Mohammad Shakhawat Hossain ◽  
Seungyeon Han

There have been numerous studies on shotcrete based on strength and durability. However, few studies have been conducted on rheological characteristics, which are very important parameters for evaluating the pumpability and shootability of shotcrete. In those studies, silica fume has been generally used as a mineral admixture to simultaneously enhance the strength, durability, pumpability, and shootability of shotcrete. Silica fume is well-known to significantly increase the viscosity of a mixture and to prevent material sliding at the receiving surface when used in shotcrete mixtures. However, the use of silica fume in shotcrete increases the possibility of plastic shrinkage cracking owing to its very high fineness, and further, silica fume increases the cost of manufacturing the shotcrete mixture because of its cost and handling. Colloidal silica is a new material in which nano-silica is dispersed in water, and it could solve the above-mentioned problems. The purpose of this research is to develop high-performance shotcrete with appropriate levels of strength and workability as well as use colloidal silica for normal structures without a tunnel structure. Thereafter, the workability of shotcrete with colloidal silica (2, 3, and 4%) was evaluated with a particle size of 10 nm and silica fume replacement (4 and 7%) of cement. In this study, an air-entraining agent for producing high-performance shotcrete was also used. The rheological properties of fresh shotcrete mixtures were estimated using an ICAR rheometer and the measured rheological parameters such as flow resistance and torque viscosity were correlated with the workability and shootability. More appropriate results will be focusing on the Bingham model properties such that the main focus here is to compare all data using the Bingham model and its performance. The pumpability, shootability, and build-up thickness characteristics were also evaluated for the performance of the shotcrete. This research mainly focuses on the Bingham model for absolute value because it creates an exact linear line in a graphical analysis, which provides more appropriate results for measuring the shotcrete performance rather than ICAR rheometer relative data.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 554
Jawad Ahmad ◽  
Osama Zaid ◽  
Carlos López-Colina Pérez ◽  
Rebeca Martínez-García ◽  
Fernando López-Gayarre

Plain concrete’s major two drawbacks are its low tensile strength and high carbon footprint. Joint adding of fibers and recycled/waste materials in concrete might assist to resolve these problems. In the present study, a novel technique is planned to improve the recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) mechanical behavior and durability performance by joint incorporation of silica fume (SF) and nylon fibers (NF). In this research paper, different properties of concrete samples are examined for example flexural strength, compressive strength, split tensile strength, penetration of chloride ions, acid resistance, and water absorption. It was noted that adding nylon fibers as individual components enhances the recycled aggregate concrete mechanical characteristics and resistance to acid exposure. The inclusion of nylon fibers improved the behavior of the recycled aggregate concrete; however, it also increased the chloride penetration and water absorption by only 18% and 8% respectively. Up to 26% of mechanical strength of concrete was improved when silica fume was added in comparison to reference concrete, silica fume also assisted in controlling the loss of durability because of adding recycled aggregate concrete and nylon fibers. Silica fume improved the bond between binder matrix and nylon fibers. The study revealed that the combination of 50% RCA, 0.5% nylon fibers and 20% silica fume are optimum for the joint incorporation into concrete that can assist in developing sustainable, durable, and ductile recycled aggregate fiber reinforced concrete.

Buildings ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 47
Yan Tan ◽  
Ziling Xu ◽  
Zeli Liu ◽  
Jiuhong Jiang

To improve the mechanical properties and frost resistance of concrete, silica fume, and polyvinyl alcohol fiber compounded in concrete. The mechanical and frost resistance of concrete were comprehensively analyzed and evaluated for strength change, mass loss, and relative dynamic elastic modulus change by compressive strength test, flexural strength test, and rapid freeze-thaw test. The results showed that with the incorporation of silica fume and polyvinyl alcohol fiber, the compressive and flexural strengths of concrete were improved, and the decrease in mass loss rate and relative dynamic elastic modulus of concrete after freeze-thaw cycles were significantly reduced, which indicated that the compounding of silica fume and polyvinyl alcohol fiber improved the frost resistance of concrete. When the content of silica fume was 10% and the volume content of polyvinyl alcohol fiber was 1%, the comprehensive mechanical performance and frost resistance of concrete is the best. The compressive strength increased by 26.6% and flexural strength increased by 29.17% compared to ordinary concrete. Based on the test data, to study the macroscopic damage evolution of concrete compound silica fume and polyvinyl alcohol fiber under repeated freeze-thaw conditions. The Weibull distribution probability model and GM (1, 1) model were established. The average relative errors between the predicted and actual data of the two models are small and very close. It is shown that both models can reflect well the development of concrete damage under a freeze-thaw environment. This provides an important reference value and theoretical basis for the durability evaluation and life prediction of compound silica fume and polyvinyl alcohol fiber concrete in cold regions.

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