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2022 ◽  
Vol 249 ◽  
pp. 106194
Jeff A. Muir ◽  
Richard J. Barker ◽  
Melanie R. Hutchinson ◽  
Bruno M. Leroy ◽  
Simon J. Nicol ◽  

Natsumi Hookabe ◽  
Naoto Jimi ◽  
Hiroyuki Yokooka ◽  
Shinji Tsuchida ◽  
Yoshihiro Fujiwara

Abstract Lacydonia Marion & Bobretsky, 1875 is the sole genus in the family Lacydoniidae Bergström, 1914. We herein describe the new species of Lacydonia shohoensis sp. nov. from 2042-m deep bottoms at Shoho Seamount of the Nishi-Shichito Ridge, the Northwest Pacific Ocean. It is most similar to L. anapaulae Rizzo et al., 2016 in having a depression on the median anterior region and lacking lateral lobes on the posterior margin of prostomium whereas it is distinguished by possessing pygidium dorsally pigmented with three reddish spots and non-pigmented pygidial lateral cirri equally elongated.

2022 ◽  
Vol 53 (4) ◽  
pp. 439-446

Global warming due to increase in the Green House Gases is now well known. There are  several studies, also, suggesting discernible changes over the years in respect of meteorological parameters like, rainfall events, frequency and intensity of tropical cyclones/hurricanes, maximum/minimum temperature, SST of oceans etc, on regional as well as global scale.  The present study besides finding out seasonal variations in tropopause height and temperature across each 5° latitude over India based on a longer data set, has demarcated the locations where significant trend in respect of temperature and height was observed over Indian region on annual scale besides investigating the possible causes of this trend.  The study has also confirmed significant linear associationship between tropopause temperature/height over Indian stations and SST anomalies of east Pacific Ocean with SST  leading by one year.

2022 ◽  
Jintao Wang ◽  
Robert Boenish ◽  
Yunkai Li ◽  
Xinjun Chen

Abstract Climate change is proving to be a driving factor reshaping the distribution and altering the movement of marine species, dynamics of which are crucial for sustainable development and marine resources management. However, how Pacific Ocean squids – boasting the salient biological features of a one-year life span and strong adaptive abilities, and which support more than 25% of global squid catches – respond to climate change is overlooked. We address this knowledge gap by constructing spatio-temporal generalized additive mixed models based on hundreds of thousands of digitized Chinese squid-jigging logbooks covering three Pacific stocks of two squid species (Ommastrephes bartramii and Dosidicus gigas) spanning 2005 – 2018. Here we show the relationships between environmental variables and local abundance of squids (reflected by response curves) track changes in climate; the squid biomass peaks and troughs coinciding with La Niña and El Niño events, respectively are moderate in contrast to the effects of directional climate change. We find substantial poleward shifts by squids inhabiting low latitude and middle latitudes. These findings have broad implications both for food security and open ocean ecosystem dynamics.

Yessenia M. Bledsoe-Becerra ◽  
Iesha S. Whittaker ◽  
Jeremy Horowitz ◽  
Katherine Medina Naranjo ◽  
Jicayla Johnson-Rosemond ◽  

Shuguang Wang ◽  
Juan Fang ◽  
Xiaodong Tang ◽  
Zhe-Min Tan

AbstractConvectively coupled equatorial Rossby waves (ERW) modulate tropical cyclone activities over tropical oceans. This study presents a survey of the statistical relationship between intraseasonal ERWs and tropical cyclone genesis (TCG) over major global TC basins using four-decade-long outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) and TC best-track datasets. Intraseasonal ERWs are identified from the OLR anomalies using an empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis method without imposing equatorial symmetry. We find that westward-propagating ERWs are most significant in four tropical ocean basins over the summer hemisphere and that ERWs exhibit similar northeast-southwest (southeast-northwest) tilted phase lines in the northern (southern) hemisphere, with an appreciable poleward advance of wave energy in most TC basins. The EOF-based ERW indices quantitatively show that ERWs significantly modulate TC genesis. The convectively active (suppressed) phases of ERWs coincide with increased (reduced) TCG occurrences. The TCG modulation by ERWs achieves the maximum where the ERWs propagate through the climatological TCG hotspots. As a result, the total number of TCG occurrences in the TC basins varies significantly according to the ERW phase. The ERW-TCG relationship is significant over the northwestern Pacific Ocean, northeastern Pacific Ocean, and the northern Indian Ocean during the northern summer seasons. In the southern summer season, the ERW-TCG relationship is significant over the southern Indian Ocean, Indonesian-Australia basin, and the southwestern Pacific Ocean. However, ERW activities are weak in the main TC development region of the Atlantic Ocean; and the impact on Atlantic TCG appears to be insignificant.

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