surveillance study
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Amry M. Majeed ◽  
Zeeshan A. Khan ◽  
Briseis Aschebrook-Kilfoy ◽  
Muhammad G. Kibriya ◽  
Habibul Ahsan ◽  

2022 ◽  
İmran Hasanoglu ◽  
Rahmet Guner ◽  
Suzan Sahin ◽  
Fatma Yilmaz Karadag ◽  
Ergun Parmaksiz ◽  

Abstract There is neither a surveillance system nor a study to reveal the HD related infection rates in Turkey. We aimed to investigate the infection rate among HD outpatients and implement CDC’s surveillance system. A multicenter prospective surveillance study is performed to investigate the infection rate among HD patients. CDC National Healthcare Safety Network dialysis event (DE) protocol is adopted for definitions and reporting. During April 2016–April 2018, 9 centers reported data. A total of 199 DEs reported in 10035 patient-months, and the overall DE rate was 1.98 per 100 patient-months. Risk of blood culture positivity is found to be 17.6 times higher when hemodialysis was through a tunneled catheter than through an arteriovenous fistula. DE rate was significantly lower in patients educated about the care of their vascular access site. Staphylococcus aureus was the most causative microorganism among mortal patients. Outcomes of DEs were hospitalization (73%), loss of vascular access (18.2%), and death (7.7%). This first surveillance study revealed the baseline status of HD related infections in Turkey and showed that NHSN DE surveillance system can be easily implemented even in a high workload dialysis unit and be adopted as a nationwide DE surveillance program.

2022 ◽  
pp. 152660282110677
Marcus Thieme ◽  
Jarwed Arjumand ◽  
Markus Spanagel ◽  
Gunnar Tepe ◽  
Erwin Blessing ◽  

Purpose: This postmarketing surveillance study aimed to assess effectiveness and safety of a peripheral self-expanding stent with high torsional strength (POLARIS stent) for the treatment of de novo superficial femoral artery (SFA) lesions in the routine clinical practice. Materials and Methods: Consecutive patients with symptomatic de novo SFA occlusive disease who underwent POLARIS stent implantation were enrolled into the prospective, multicenter, observational postmarket surveillance study. Primary outcome measure was freedom from clinically driven target lesion revascularization (cdTLR) at 12 months. Main secondary outcomes were procedural success, primary clinical improvement, and freedom from major adverse cardiovascular and limb events (MACLE) throughout 24 months. Results: A total of 199 participants (70±11 years, 70.4% men) were included in the study at 9 German sites from December 2014 to August 2018. Half of them (52.6%) were current smokers, 37.6% had diabetes, and 25.0% were obese. Most participants suffered from intermittent claudication (88.4%). Mean lesion length was 98±83 mm, 43.5% of lesions were occluded, and 27.3% were severely calcified. Freedom from 12 months cdTLR was 94.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 90.6–98.2). At 24 months, freedom from cdTLR was 88.7% (95% CI, 83.0–94.4). Procedural success was achieved in 96.2% of participants. Primary clinical improvement occurred in 87.5% and 85.4% of participants at 12 and 24 months, respectively. Freedom from MACLE was 94.8% (95% CI, 91.4–98.1) and 93.8% (95% CI, 89.9–97.6) at 12 and 24 months, respectively. Conclusions: Treatment of SFA occlusive disease in a real-world setting using the POLARIS stent with high bidirectional torsional strength is efficacious and does not raise any safety concern in the medium term. The study is registered with (Identifier: NCT02307292).

2021 ◽  
Seung Young Kim ◽  
Jaeho Park ◽  
Gabriela Leite ◽  
Mark Pimentel ◽  
Ali Rezaie

Background: Interleukin (IL)-10 knockout (KO) mice, used as a model for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), develop chronic enterocolitis. Endoscopy, the gold standard for evaluation of human mucosal health, is not widely available for murine models. We aimed to assess the natural history of left-sided colitis in IL-10 KO mice via serial endoscopies. Methods: BALB/cJ IL10 KO mice underwent regular endoscopic assessments from 2 up to 8 months of age. Procedures were recorded and blindly evaluated using a 4-component endoscopic score: mucosal wall transparency, intestinal bleeding, focal lesions and perianal lesions (0-3 points each). An endoscopic score ≥1 point was considered as the presence of colitis/flare. Results: IL-10 KO mice (N=40, 9 female) were assessed. Mean age at first endoscopy was 62.5±2.5 days; average number of procedures per mouse was 6.0±1.3. A total of 238 endoscopies were conducted every 24.8±8.3 days, corresponding to 124.1±45.2 days of surveillance per mouse (13.6 years cumulative surveillance). Thirty-three endoscopies in 24 mice (60%) detected colitis, mean endoscopy score 2.5±1.3 (range: 1-6.3). Nineteen mice (47.5%) had one episode of colitis and 5 (12.5%) had 2-3 episodes. All exhibited complete spontaneous healing on subsequent endoscopies. Conclusions: In this largest endoscopic surveillance study of IL-10 KO mice, 40% of mice did not develop endoscopic left-sided colitis. Furthermore, IL-10 KO mice did not exhibit persistent colitis and universally exhibited complete spontaneous healing without treatment. The natural history of colitis in IL-10 KO mice may not be comparable with that of IBD in humans and requires careful consideration.

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