grass carp
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2022 ◽  
Vol 31 ◽  
pp. 100786
Mengmeng Zhang ◽  
Ningping Tao ◽  
Li Li ◽  
Changhua Xu ◽  
Shanggui Deng ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 ◽  
pp. 100924
Ling-Ling Ma ◽  
Jun-Ming Zhang ◽  
Gen Kaneko ◽  
Jun Xie ◽  
Jin-Hui Sun ◽  

Antioxidants ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 148
Pei Wu ◽  
Li Zhang ◽  
Weidan Jiang ◽  
Yang Liu ◽  
Jun Jiang ◽  

Fish is an important animal-source food for humans. However, the oxidative stress-induced by intensive aquaculture usually causes deterioration of fish meat quality. The nutritional way has been considered to be a useful method for improving fish flesh quality. This study using the same growth experiment as our previous study was conducted to investigate whether vitamin A could improve flesh quality by enhancing antioxidative ability via Nrf2/Keap1 signaling in fish muscle. Six diets with different levels of vitamin A were fed to grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) (262.02 ± 0.45 g) for 10 weeks. Dietary vitamin A significantly improved flesh sensory appeal and nutritional value, as evident by higher pH24h value, water-holding capacity, shear force, contents of protein, lipid, four indispensable amino acids (lysine, methionine, threonine, and arginine) and total polyunsaturated fatty acid in the muscle. Furthermore, dietary vitamin A reduced oxidative damage, as evident by decreased levels of muscle reactive oxygen species, malondialdehyde, and protein carbonyl, enhanced activities of antioxidative enzyme (catalase, copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD), MnSOD, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione reductase), as well as increased content of glutathione, which was probably in relation to the activation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling. These findings demonstrated that dietary vitamin A improved flesh quality probably by enhancing antioxidant ability through Nrf2/Keap 1a signaling in fish.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Meifeng Li ◽  
Jihuan Hu ◽  
Huiling Mao ◽  
Dongming Li ◽  
Zeyin Jiang ◽  

Post-translational modifications (PTMs), such as phosphorylation and ubiquitination, etc., have been reported to modulate the activities of IRF3 and IRF7. In this study, we found an acetyltransferase KAT8 in grass carp (CiKAT8, MW286472) that acetylated IRF3/IRF7 and then resulted in inhibition of IFN 1 response. CiKAT8 expression was up-regulated in the cells under poly I:C, B-DNA or Z-DNA stimulation as well as GCRV(strain 873) or SVCV infection. The acetyltransferase domain (MYST domain) of KAT8 promoted the acetylation of IRF3 and IRF7 through the direct interaction with them. So, the domain is essential for KAT8 function. Expectedly, KAT8 without MYST domain (KAT8-△264-487) was granularly aggregated in the nucleus and failed to down-regulate IFN 1 expression. Subcellular localization analysis showed that KAT8 protein was evenly distributed in the nucleus. In addition, we found that KAT8 inhibited the recruitment of IRF3 and IRF7 to ISRE response element. Taken together, our findings revealed that grass carp KAT8 blocked the activities of IRF3 and IRF7 by acetylating them, resulting in a low affinity interaction of ISRE response element with IRF3 and IRF7, and then inhibiting nucleic acids-induced innate immune response.

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