national surveillance
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Antibiotics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 102
Daniela Fortini ◽  
Slawomir Owczarek ◽  
Anna Dionisi ◽  
Claudia Lucarelli ◽  
Sergio Arena ◽  

Background: A collection of human-epidemiologically unrelated S. enterica strains collected over a 3-year period (2016 to 2018) in Italy by the national surveillance Enter-Net Italia was analysed. Methods: Antimicrobial susceptibility tests, including the determination of minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for colistin, were performed. Colistin resistant strains were analysed by PCR to detect mobile colistin resistance (mcr) genes. In mcr-negative S. enterica serovar Enteritidis strains, chromosomal mutations potentially involved in colistin resistance were identified by a genomic approach. Results: The prevalence of colistin-resistant S. enterica strains was 7.7%, the majority (87.5%) were S. Enteritidis. mcr genes were identified only in one strain, a S. Typhimurium monophasic variant, positive for both mcr-1.1 and mcr-5.1 genes in an IncHI2 ST4 plasmid. Several chromosomal mutations were identified in the colistin-resistant mcr-negative S. Enteritidis strains in proteins involved in lipopolysaccharide and outer membrane synthesis and modification (RfbN, LolB, ZraR) and in a component of a multidrug efflux pump (MdsC). These mutated proteins were defined as possible candidates for colistin resistance in mcr-negative S. Enteritidis of our collection. Conclusions: The colistin national surveillance in Salmonella spp. in humans, implemented with genomic-based surveillance, permitted to monitor colistin resistance, determining the prevalence of mcr determinants and the study of new candidate mechanisms for colistin resistance.

Yu-Tsung Huang ◽  
Yao-Wen Kuo ◽  
Nan-Yao Lee ◽  
Ni Tien ◽  
Chun-Hsing Liao ◽  

Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE) are emerging worldwide, causing nosocomial outbreaks and even community-acquired infections since their appearance 2 decades ago. Our previous national surveillance of CPE isolates in Taiwan identified five carbapenemase families (KPC, OXA, NDM, VIM, and IMP) with the KPC-2 and OXA-48-like types predominant.

mSystems ◽  
2022 ◽  
Rafael Patiño-Navarrete ◽  
Isabelle Rosinski-Chupin ◽  
Nicolas Cabanel ◽  
Pengdbamba Dieudonné Zongo ◽  
Mélanie Héry ◽  

Carbapenemase-producing Escherichia coli (CP- Ec ) might be difficult to detect, as MICs can be very low. However, their absolute number and their proportion among carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales have been increasing, as reported by WHO and national surveillance programs.

Holly D. Mitchell ◽  
Nicholas R. Thomson ◽  
Claire Jenkins ◽  
Timothy J. Dallman ◽  
Anaïs Painset ◽  

Within the last 2 decades there have been an increasing number of Shigella spp. outbreaks among men who have sex with men (MSM) worldwide. In 2015, Public Health England (PHE) introduced routine whole genome sequencing (WGS) for the national surveillance of Shigella spp.

BMC Medicine ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 19 (1) ◽  
Kathleen M. O’Reilly ◽  
Frank Sandman ◽  
David Allen ◽  
Christopher I. Jarvis ◽  
Amy Gimma ◽  

Abstract Background To reduce the coronavirus disease burden in England, along with many other countries, the government implemented a package of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) that have also impacted other transmissible infectious diseases such as norovirus. It is unclear what future norovirus disease incidence is likely to look like upon lifting these restrictions. Methods Here we use a mathematical model of norovirus fitted to community incidence data in England to project forward expected incidence based on contact surveys that have been collected throughout 2020–2021. Results We report that susceptibility to norovirus infection has likely increased between March 2020 and mid-2021. Depending upon assumptions of future contact patterns incidence of norovirus that is similar to pre-pandemic levels or an increase beyond what has been previously reported is likely to occur once restrictions are lifted. Should adult contact patterns return to 80% of pre-pandemic levels, the incidence of norovirus will be similar to previous years. If contact patterns return to pre-pandemic levels, there is a potential for the expected annual incidence to be up to 2-fold larger than in a typical year. The age-specific incidence is similar across all ages. Conclusions Continued national surveillance for endemic diseases such as norovirus will be essential after NPIs are lifted to allow healthcare services to adequately prepare for a potential increase in cases and hospital pressures beyond what is typically experienced.

2021 ◽  
Vol 70 (44) ◽  
pp. 1534-1538
Sarah Kidd ◽  
Eileen Yee ◽  
Randall English ◽  
Shannon Rogers ◽  
Brian Emery ◽  

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