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2022 ◽  
Vol 25 ◽  
pp. 100566
Author(s):  
Chuying Chen ◽  
Yajie Zhang ◽  
Jinyin Chen ◽  
Xuan Peng ◽  
Zengyu Gan ◽  
...  

Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 312 ◽  
pp. 122975
Author(s):  
Wei Liu ◽  
Wenjie Xiang ◽  
Xi Chen ◽  
Zhongxian Song ◽  
Chunxiang Gao ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 209 ◽  
pp. 109971
Author(s):  
Esmail Hosseini-Fard ◽  
Amin Roshandel-Kahoo ◽  
Mehrdad Soleimani-Monfared ◽  
Keyvan Khayer ◽  
Ali Reza Ahmadi-Fard

2022 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Author(s):  
Yong Zhu ◽  
Ling Ding ◽  
Liang Xia ◽  
Wenhua He ◽  
Huifang Xiong ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Qian He ◽  
Junkai Ren ◽  
Yaodong Liu

Abstract In this study, carbon dots (CDs) synthesized by hydrothermal method with amino-rich surface exhibit tunable fluorescence across entire visible range by simply controlling the concentration. A comprehensive comparison has been performed for the first time between concentration-induced aggregation of the single-type CDs and electrostatic-induced agglomeration of opposite-charged CDs in terms of their fluorescence properties. Experimental results show that both the aggregation of CDs and internal absorption filtration are possible causes of the concentration-dependent fluorescence emission. Subsequently, the inter distance of adjacent CDs in their aggregates was enlarged by forming rigid double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) between adjacent CDs through base pairing. It is clear that the contact of CDs induces the changes of fluorescence emission and light absorption. Through a better understanding of the mechanisms behind concentration-induced multicolor emission, this work can provide a novel strategy to develop the advanced applications of CDs.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Chen Chen ◽  
Lei Nie ◽  
Yizhe Huang ◽  
Shuang Xi ◽  
Xingyue Liu ◽  
...  

Abstract Herein, we develop a novel strategy for preparing all-inorganic cesium lead halide (CsPbX3, X= Cl, Br, I) perovskite nanocrystals (NCs)@Zn-based metal-organic framework (MOF) composites through interfacial synthesis. The successful embedding of fluorescent perovskite NCs in Zn-MOFs is due to the in-situ confined growth, which is attributed to the re-nucleation of water-triggered phase transformation from Cs4PbBr6 to CsPbBr3. The controllable synthesis of mixed-halide based composites with various emission wavelength can be achieved by adding the desired amount of halide (Cl or I) salts in the re-nucleation process. More importantly, the anion exchange reaction is inhibited among various composites with different halogen atoms by being trapped in MOFs. Besides, a white light-emitting diode (WLED) is produced using a blue LED chip with the green-emitting and red-emitting composites, which has a color coordinate of (0.3291, 0.3272) and a wide color gamut. This work provides a novel route to achieving perovskite NCs growth in MOFs, which also can be extended to the other NCs embedded in frames as well.


2022 ◽  
Vol 35 ◽  
Author(s):  
Xingyu Pu ◽  
Diao He ◽  
Anque Liao ◽  
Jian Yang ◽  
Tao Lv ◽  
...  

There are two causes of graft compression in the large-for-size syndrome (LFSS). One is a shortage of intra-abdominal space for the liver graft, and the other is the size discrepancy between the anteroposterior dimensions of the liver graft and the lower right hemithorax of the recipient. The former could be treated using delayed fascial closure or mesh closure, but the latter may only be treated by reduction of the right liver graft to increase space. Given that split liver transplantation has strict requirements regarding donor and recipient selections, reduced-size liver transplantation, in most cases, may be the only solution. However, surgical strategies for the reduction of the right liver graft for adult liver transplantations are relatively unfamiliar. Herein, we introduce a novel strategy of HuaXi-ex vivo right posterior sectionectomy while preserving the right hepatic vein in the graft to prevent LFSS and propose its initial indications.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Wataru Matsuoka ◽  
Yu Harabuchi ◽  
Satoshi Maeda

The ligand screening process, in which an optimal ligand for a reaction of interest is identified from an enormous and diverse set of candidate molecules, is of particular importance in the development of transition metal catalysis. Conventionally, this process has been performed by experimental trial-and-error cycles, which require significant time and resources. Herein, we report a novel strategy called “virtual-ligand-assisted (VLA) screening” that enables practical in silico ligand screening based on the transition state theory. We developed a virtual ligand, PCl*3, which parameterizes both the electronic and steric effects of monodentate phosphorus(III) ligands in quantum chemical calculations, and used it to assess how these effects perturb the energy profile of a reaction. This parameter-based ligand screening approach allowed us to identify the optimal electronic and steric effects for a reaction of interest, thereby affording guiding principles for rational ligand design. The VLA screening strategy was demonstrated for the selectivity-determining step of the rhodium-catalyzed hydroformylation of a terminal olefin, and phosphorus(III) ligands with potentially high linear or branched selectivities were designed. These findings indicate that VLA screening is a promising approach for streamlining the ligand screening process.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Mengxi Zhou ◽  
Yueguo Wang ◽  
Jilong Shen ◽  
Guanghe Fei

Abstract Purpose To explore whether melatonin affect the progression of cell cycle and exert anticancer activities via the modulation of CDK4 in NSCLC . Methods Cells treated with melatonin were used for assessing the anticancer effect of melatonin. Cells transfected with lentivirus for CDK4 upregulation or downregulation was constructed to evaluate the role of CDK4 in melatonin-induced anticancer effect. The protein and mRNA level of CDK4, PCNA and Bax were detected by western blotting and qRT-PCR. The application of flow cytometry was used for analyzing the distribution of cell cycle and apoptosis. Animal model of subcutaneous tumor was constructed and used for further study in vivo. Results We found that melatonin inhibited cell viability, colony formation, downregulated the expression of CDK4 and PCNA while upregulated the level of Bax. Besides, melatonin decreased the phosphorylation of ERK. Importantly, inhibition of ERK activation by PD98059 particapated in melatonin-induced downregulation of CDK4. Furthermore, melatonin led to G1 arrest and cell apoptosis. CDK4 knockdown enhanced melatonin-induced cell cycle arrest while CDK4 overexpression reversed the effect. Additionally, the animal experiment showed that melatonin decreased the level of CDK4 and inhibited tumor growth. However, the anti-tumor effect of melatonin was reversed by CDK4 overexpression. Conclusion Taken together, CDK4 involved in anti-cancer activities of melatonin. Melatonin led to G1 arrest, blocked G1-to-S transition, as a result, inhibited cell proliferation and accelerates apoptosis via suppressing CDK4 signaling. Targeting CDK4 inhibition and combining it with melatonin has protential to be a novel strategy for NSCLC.


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