double stranded dna
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Qian He ◽  
Junkai Ren ◽  
Yaodong Liu

Abstract In this study, carbon dots (CDs) synthesized by hydrothermal method with amino-rich surface exhibit tunable fluorescence across entire visible range by simply controlling the concentration. A comprehensive comparison has been performed for the first time between concentration-induced aggregation of the single-type CDs and electrostatic-induced agglomeration of opposite-charged CDs in terms of their fluorescence properties. Experimental results show that both the aggregation of CDs and internal absorption filtration are possible causes of the concentration-dependent fluorescence emission. Subsequently, the inter distance of adjacent CDs in their aggregates was enlarged by forming rigid double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) between adjacent CDs through base pairing. It is clear that the contact of CDs induces the changes of fluorescence emission and light absorption. Through a better understanding of the mechanisms behind concentration-induced multicolor emission, this work can provide a novel strategy to develop the advanced applications of CDs.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Syeda Zainab Ilyas ◽  
Hafsa Tariq ◽  
Abdul Basit ◽  
Hamza Tahir ◽  
Zulquernain Haider ◽  

Salmonella gallinarum is a poultry restricted-pathogen causing fowl-typhoid disease in adult birds with mortality rates up-to 80% and exhibit resistance against commonly used antibiotics. In this current study, a temperate broad host range bacteriophage SGP-C was isolated against S. gallinarum from poultry digesta. It showed infection ability in all the 15 tested field strains of S. gallinarum. The SGP-C phage produced circular, turbid plaques with alternate rings. Its optimum activity was observed at pH 7.0 and 37–42°C, with a latent period of 45 min and burst size of 187 virions/bacterial cell. The SGP-C lysogens, SGPC-L5 and SGPC-L6 exhibited super-infection immunity against the same phage, an already reported feature of lysogens. A virulence index of 0.5 and 0.001 as MV50 of SGP-C suggests its moderate virulence. The genome of SGP-C found circular double stranded DNA of 42 Kbp with 50.04% GC content, which encodes 63 ORFs. The presence of repressor gene at ORF49, and absence of tRNA sequence in SGP-C genome indicates its lysogenic nature. Furthermore, from NGS analysis of lysogens we propose that SGP-C genome might exist either as an episome, or both as integrated and temporary episome in the host cell and warrants further studies. Phylogenetic analysis revealed its similarity with Salmonella temperate phages belonging to family Siphoviridae. The encoded proteins by SGP-C genome have not showed homology with any known toxin and virulence factor. Although plenty of lytic bacteriophages against this pathogen are already reported, to our knowledge SGP-C is the first lysogenic phage against S. gallinarum reported so far.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Behrouz Shademan ◽  
Alireza Nourazarian ◽  
Saba Hajazimian ◽  
Alireza Isazadeh ◽  
Cigir Biray Avci ◽  

Outbreak and rapid spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by coronavirus acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV-2) caused severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV-2) that started in Wuhan, and has become a global problem because of the high rate of human-to-human transmission and severe respiratory infections. Because of high prevalence of SARS-CoV-2, which threatens many people worldwide, rapid diagnosis and simple treatment are needed. Genome editing is a nucleic acid-based approach to altering the genome by artificially changes in genetic information and induce irreversible changes in the function of target gene. Clustered, regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR/Cas) could be a practical and straightforward approach to this disease. CRISPR/Cas system contains Cas protein, which is controlled by a small RNA molecule to create a double-stranded DNA gap. Evidence suggested that CRISPR/Cas was also usable for diagnosis and treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection. In this review study, we discoursed on application of CRISPR technology in detection and treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Another aspect of this study was to introduce potential future problems in use of CRISPR/Cas technology.

2022 ◽  
Napakhwan Imklin ◽  
Pattaraporn Sripras ◽  
Narut Thanantong ◽  
Porntippa Lekcharoensuk ◽  
Rujikan Nasanit

Abstract The novel Escherichia phage vB_EcoM-RPN242 was isolated using a strain of Escherichia coli host originated from a diarrheal piglet. The phage was able to form plaques on the E. coli lawn at 15−45ºC. Moreover, it was stable over a wide pH (4−10) and temperature (4−70ºC) range. The vB_EcoM-RPN242 genome was found to be a linear, double-stranded DNA consisting of 154,840 base pairs. There were 195 protein-encoding genes and 2 tRNAs detected in the genome, however no unfavorable gene was found. According to the overall nucleotide sequence comparison, the vB_EcoM-RPN242 possibly represents a new phage species in the genus Agtrevirus.

Anna Clara Milesi Galdino ◽  
Lívia Viganor ◽  
Matheus Mendonça Pereira ◽  
Michael Devereux ◽  
Malachy McCann ◽  

AbstractTackling microbial resistance requires continuous efforts for the development of new molecules with novel mechanisms of action and potent antimicrobial activity. Our group has previously identified metal-based compounds, [Ag(1,10-phenanthroline-5,6-dione)2]ClO4 (Ag-phendione) and [Cu(1,10-phenanthroline-5,6-dione)3](ClO4)2.4H2O (Cu-phendione), with efficient antimicrobial action against multidrug-resistant species. Herein, we investigated the ability of Ag-phendione and Cu-phendione to bind with double-stranded DNA using a combination of in silico and in vitro approaches. Molecular docking revealed that both phendione derivatives can interact with the DNA by hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions. Cu-phendione exhibited the highest binding affinity to either major (− 7.9 kcal/mol) or minor (− 7.2 kcal/mol) DNA grooves. In vitro competitive quenching assays involving duplex DNA with Hoechst 33258 or ethidium bromide demonstrated that Ag-phendione and Cu-phendione preferentially bind DNA in the minor grooves. The competitive ethidium bromide displacement technique revealed Cu-phendione has a higher binding affinity to DNA (Kapp = 2.55 × 106 M−1) than Ag-phendione (Kapp = 2.79 × 105 M−1) and phendione (Kapp = 1.33 × 105 M−1). Cu-phendione induced topoisomerase I-mediated DNA relaxation of supercoiled plasmid DNA. Moreover, Cu-phendione was able to induce oxidative DNA injuries with the addition of free radical scavengers inhibiting DNA damage. Ag-phendione and Cu-phendione avidly displaced propidium iodide bound to DNA in permeabilized Pseudomonas aeruginosa cells in a dose-dependent manner as judged by flow cytometry. The treatment of P. aeruginosa with bactericidal concentrations of Cu-phendione (15 µM) induced DNA fragmentation as visualized by either agarose gel or TUNEL assays. Altogether, these results highlight a possible novel DNA-targeted mechanism by which phendione-containing complexes, in part, elicit toxicity toward the multidrug-resistant pathogen P. aeruginosa. Graphical abstract

Skyler Adams ◽  
Gabrielle Spotz ◽  
Riley Babcock ◽  
Chloe Butler ◽  
Samantha Conger ◽  

Microbacteriophage Fizzles has a 62,078-bp linear double-stranded DNA genome sequence, predicted to contain 104 protein-coding genes. Fizzles is a Siphoviridae actinobacteriophage isolated from an ant hill soil sample collected in Stephenville, TX. Microbacteriophage Fizzles has >83.6% nucleotide identity with microbacteriophages Squash and Nike.

Alexander Lopez ◽  
Solmar Varela ◽  
Ernesto Medina

Abstract The spin activity in macromolecules such as DNA and oligopeptides, in the context of the Chiral Induced Spin Selectivity (CISS) has been proposed to be due to the atomic Spin-Orbit Coupling (SOC) and the associated chiral symmetry of the structures. This coupling, associated with carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen atoms in biological molecules, albeit small (meV), can be enhanced by the geometry, and strong local polarization effects such as hydrogen bonding (HB). A novel way to manipulate the spin degree of freedom is by modifying the spectrum using a coupling to the appropriate electromagnetic radiation field. Here we use the Floquet formalism in order to show how the half-filled band Hamiltonian for DNA, can be modulated by the radiation to produce up to a tenfold increase of the effective SOC once the intrinsic coupling is present. On the other hand, the chiral model, once incorporating the orbital angular momentum of electron motion on the helix, opens a gap for different helicity states (helicity splitting) that chooses spin polarization according to transport direction and chirality, without breaking time-reversal symmetry. The observed effects are feasible in physically reasonable parameter ranges for the radiation field amplitude and frequency.

2022 ◽  
Joshua Pajak ◽  
Gaurav Arya

The bacterial FtsK motor harvests energy from ATP to translocate double-stranded DNA during cell division. Here, we probe the molecular mechanisms underlying coordinated DNA translocation in FtsK by performing long timescale simulations of its hexameric assembly and individual subunits. From these simulations we predict signaling pathways that connect the ATPase active site to DNA-gripping residues, which allows the motor to coordinate its translocation activity with its ATPase activity. Additionally, we utilize well-tempered metadynamics simulations to compute free-energy landscapes that elucidate the extended-to-compact transition involved in force generation. We show that nucleotide binding promotes a compact conformation of a motor subunit, whereas the apo subunit is flexible. Together, our results support a mechanism whereby each ATP-bound subunit of the motor conforms to the helical pitch of DNA, and ATP hydrolysis/product release causes a subunit to lose grip of DNA. By ordinally engaging and disengaging with DNA, the FtsK motor unidirectionally translocates DNA.

2022 ◽  
Beibei Feng ◽  
Fei Zhao ◽  
Min Wei ◽  
Yong Liu ◽  
Xinyu Ren ◽  

Abstract On the basis of aptamer (Apt) with hairpin structure and fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), a ratio fluorescent aptamer homogeneous sensor was prepared for the determination of Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). Initially, the Apt labeled simultaneously with Cy5, BHQ2, and cDNA labeled with Cy3 were formed a double-stranded DNA through complementary base pairing. The fluorescent aptamer sensor demonstrates a weak fluorescence emission of Cy3 and a high fluorescence emission of Cy5 due to the quenching effect of BHQ2. The double-stranded DNA structure will be disintegrated in the presence of AFB1, resulting the removal of Cy3 and the close of Cy5 with BHQ2. The fluorescence signal of Cy3 and Cy5 were restored and quenched respectively. Thus, the ratio change of FCy3 to FCy5 was used to realized the detection of AFB1 with wider detection range and lower limit of detection (LOD). The response of the optimized protocol for AFB1 detection was wider linear range from 0.05 ng/mL to 100 ng/mL and the LOD was 12.6 pg/mL. The sensor designed in this strategy has the advantages of simple preparation and fast signal response. It has been used for the detection of AFB1 in labeled corn and wine, indicating it had good application potential in practical samples.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 70-73
Maliha Tabassum ◽  
Faria Afsana ◽  
Salman Hossain ◽  
Mohammod Feroz Amin ◽  
Rushda Sharmin Binte Rouf ◽  

We describe a case of systemic lupus erythematosus with POEMS syndrome presenting as spontaneous hypoglycemia. A 58-year-old female suffered repeated episodes of hypoglycemia. During thesehypoglycemic episodes, her postprandial insulin level was inappropriately high. Further blood tests revealed the presence of antinuclear antibodies, anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies,low C4level.Altered albumin-globulin ratio,monoclonal gammopathy (IgG LAMBDA), polyneuropathy and organomegaly lead to suspicion of concurrent presence of POEMS syndrome.Bone marrow examination revealed plasma cell dyscrasia and plasmacytoma in trephine biopsy confirmed the diagnosis.Here, we emphasize on autoimmune cause of hypoglycemia. BIRDEM Med J 2022; 12(1): 70-73

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document