aromatic ring
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Biomolecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 131
Thibaut Barbier ◽  
Alexia Barbry ◽  
Jérémy Magand ◽  
Cédric Badiou ◽  
Floriane Davy ◽  

The benzo[b]thiophene nucleus and the acylhydrazone functional group were combined to prepare three new series of compounds for screening against Staphylococcus aureus. The reaction of substituted benzo[b]thiophene-2-carboxylic hydrazide and various aromatic or heteroaromatic aldehydes led to a collection of 26 final products with extensive structural diversification on the aromatic ring and on position 6 of the benzo[b]thiophene nucleus. The screening lead to the identification of eight hits, including (E)-6-chloro-N’-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene)benzo[b]thiophene-2-carbohydrazide (II.b), a non-cytotoxic derivative showing a minimal inhibitory concentration of 4 µg/mL on three S. aureus strains, among which were a reference classical strain and two clinically isolated strains resistant to methicillin and daptomycin, respectively.

Lucas Barbosa ◽  
Tiago da Silva ◽  
Michelle Rezende ◽  
Bianca da Silva ◽  
Rodrigo Guzzo ◽  

In this work, the combined use of p-sulfonic acid-calix[n]arene and microwave energy to hydrolyze the 1,3-dioxolane ketal of isatin was evaluated with excellent results. This is the first time that p-sulfonic acid-calix[n]arene has been used as the catalyst in a ketal hydrolysis reaction and the deprotection of the ketone carbonyl of isatin is reported. The presence of 2.5 mol% of p-sulfonic acid-calix[4,6]arene at 160 ºC resulted in over 96% conversion of this ketal in 10 min, with the additional advantage of using water as a solvent. This catalytic system (aqueous phase containing p-sulfonic acid-calix[4]arene) was reused for five consecutive cycles, with a conversion above 96% maintained. This reusable system is not practicable using p-toluenesulfonic acid and p-hydroxybenzenesulfonic acid as catalysts since both are extracted to the organic phase with the reaction product. The hydrolysis of 1,3-dioxolane ketal of isatins with different substituents (CH3, I, Br, Cl, F, NO2) in the aromatic ring was also evaluated. The protecting group of 5-methyl-isatin was removed with 73% conversion using 2.5 mol% of p-sulfonic acid-calix[4]arene at 160 ºC for 5 min. In contrast, the ketal of 5-nitro-isatin reached 80% conversion using the same conditions after 40 min.

María Mar Quesada-Moreno ◽  
Melanie Schnell ◽  
Daniel A. Obenchain

For complexes involving aromatic species, substitution effects can influence the preferred geometry.

2022 ◽  
Masaaki Komatsuda ◽  
Ayane Suto ◽  
Hiroki Kondo Jr. ◽  
Hiroyuki Takada ◽  
Kenta Kato ◽  

We have discovered a ring-opening fluorination of bicyclic azaarenes. Upon treatment of bicyclic azaarenes such as pyrazolopyridines with electrophilic fluorinating agents, fluorination of the aromatic ring is followed by a...

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (4) ◽  
pp. 302-305
Prakash S. Pawar ◽  
Sandip D. Gorshetwar ◽  
Atul D. Kamble ◽  
Jotiram K. Chavan ◽  
Gurunath G. Chougale ◽  

Water and zirconium(IV) as catalyst were found to be effective in the transformation of terminal aromatic alkyne to aromatic methyl ketone in the microwave. This terminal alkyne hydration reaction proceeded in excellent yield with Zr(cp)2Cl2. The reaction was moved efficiently in presence of electron donating or electron withdrawing substituent on aromatic ring. An eco-friendly synthesis of aldehyde by oxidative cleavage of nitroalkene was developed with Zr(cp)2Cl2 catalyst and water in microwave.

ACS Catalysis ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 676-686
Fulin Zhou ◽  
Weiming Shi ◽  
Xingrong Liao ◽  
Yudong Yang ◽  
Zhi-Xiang Yu ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (48) ◽  
pp. 13851-13855
Yao Chai ◽  
Xiao‐Jun Liu ◽  
Ya‐Ling Tian ◽  
Xi‐Cun Wang ◽  
Zheng‐Jun Quan

2021 ◽  
Vol 2131 (4) ◽  
pp. 042045
F Burkhev ◽  
H Kushiev ◽  
T Juraev

Abstract Our article describes in the results of the research the polymerization of the residual (brown tint) after the separation of useful cabocylic compounds (indene) from the composition of one of the important fractions of heavy pyrolysis oil (indene and its homologues), which are considered to be a brownish product formed on the basis of natural gas pyrolysis, and the molecular mass and physical chemical. As a result of the analysis of the infrared (IR), it was known that the product contains functional groups (-C=C-) with a polymerizing property, along with an aromatic ring, and the polymer is made up of a mixture of isomers of polyvinyl toluene. The molecular mass of the polymer (MM) in the viscometric method was determined as the best solvent of benzene in the process of maturation, the macromolecular mass and the degree of polymerization (p) were determined as a result of the studies conducted.

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