adaptation model
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2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Salman Ghazwani ◽  
Patrick van Esch ◽  
Yuanyuan (Gina) Cui ◽  
Prachi Gala

PurposeThis paper aims to investigate the impact of financial anxiety and convenience on the relation between cashier-less versus traditional checkouts and purchase intentions among Saudi Arabian consumers.Design/methodology/approachIn an online experiment, 329 Saudi participants were randomly assigned to one of two checkout conditions (traditional vs. AI-enabled) in a between-subjects design and indicated their financial anxiety. Through moderation-of-process design, the authors examine and showcase that the effect of convenience leads to higher purchase intent for AI-enabled checkouts. Moreover, the authors examine financial anxiety as an underlying mechanism and show that for high-convenience consumers, this enacts higher purchase intent.FindingsThe effect of AI-enabled checkouts depends on consumers' convenience perception. High-convenience consumers prefer AI-enabled checkouts over traditional ones, whereas low-convenience consumers are indifferent. Based on the Roy adaptation model theoretical framework, this occurs because high-convenience consumers experience greater financial anxiety when using AI-enabled checkouts, which in turn leads to higher purchase intent.Originality/valueTo the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study to explore the reactions of Saudi Arabian consumers toward cashier-less stores versus traditional stores. Interestingly, their intent to purchase increases, due to the financial anxiety they experience while encountering AI-enabled transactions. Due to the limited research of retailers going cashier less, little is known about consumer reactions and how they may differ culturally.

Xiaohong Zhang ◽  
Yi Chen ◽  
Ziyi Shen ◽  
Yuming Shen ◽  
Haofeng Zhang ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 35 (1) ◽  
pp. 92-100
Khalid Bandar Almasloukh

The purpose of this paper is to explore what is known about equine-assisted activities and therapies based on Roy’s adaptation model. Quality of life for vulnerable populations who engage with equine-assisted activities and therapies is considered the main concept here. This state-of-the-art review was conducted from four databases ranging from January 2019 to February 2020. Limited studies examined the effect of equine-assisted activities and therapies on cancer survivors, although preliminary data were promising. The rural context was not extensively examined. Thus, equine-assisted activities and therapies may enhance the quality of life through four adaptation modes.

2021 ◽  
Vol In Press (In Press) ◽  
Azadeh Rezaei ◽  
Abdolali Shariati ◽  
Shahram Molavynejad ◽  
Saeed Ghanbari Chah Anjiri

Background: One of the effective nursing measures for enhancing the quality of life (QOL) and adaptation of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is the use of Roy’s adaptation model (RAM). Objectives: This study aimed to determine the effect of a training program based on Roy’s adaptation model on the adaptation of patients undergoing CABG. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was performed on 60 patients admitted to the intensive care units (ICUs) of Imam Khomeini Hospital and Golestan Hospital in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran, in 2020. Patients were selected based on inclusion criteria and randomly assigned into intervention and control groups. A four-session training program based on RAM was held for the intervention group. Data were analyzed using SPSS ver. 22. Results: The mean scores of physiological, self-concept, role function, and independence and interdependence dimensions in the experimental group before the intervention were 48.76 (6.36), 23.76 (4.10), 19.60 (2.93), and 25.60 (3.54), respectively. After the intervention, the mean scores in the mentioned dimensions were 101.26 (5.23), 50.80 (3.82), 39.10 (4.15), and 25.47 (3.99), respectively, indicating an upward trend (P < 0.05). Also, the mean score of total adaptation before the intervention was 117.73 (12.00), which rose to 216.63 (7.88) after the intervention (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The results showed that RAM plays an important role in the adaptation of patients undergoing CABG surgery. Thus, this model can provide a suitable framework for examining and providing care for patients undergoing CABG in ICUs.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 745-761
Mona Abdallah Abdel-Mordy ◽  
Wafaa Atta Mohammed ◽  
Zeinab Rabea Abd Elmordy

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (Supplement_1) ◽  
pp. 204-204
Feng Lin

Abstract Early evidence indicates an association between EWB and underlying brain processes, and that those processes change with both normal and pathological brain aging. However, the nature of these associations, the mechanisms by which EWB and its component domains change with brain aging, and how those changes may be associated with common neuropathologies in ADRD, are largely unexplored. We propose an appraisal-adaptation model in understanding relationships between EWB and ADRD. For human models, we encourage the use of well-established measures that directly assess eudaimonic and hedonic EWB, including abnormal scenarios (e.g., neuropsychiatric symptoms, anhedonia, loneliness, etc.), as well as older adults with exceptional cognition (i.e., superagers or supernormals). Dr. Lin will review premises associated with the appraisal-adaptation model in conducting human research on EWB, aging, and ADRD.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 419-427
Kelana Kusuma Dharma ◽  
Dedi Damhudi ◽  
Nelly Yardes ◽  
Suhana Haeriyanto

Abstract Objective Post-stroke disability and psychosocial disorders cause burdens for the families of stroke patients, including physical and financial burdens. The physical and psychological health of family caregivers determines the quality of care they provide to patients. The purpose of this study was to identify the effectiveness of the Caregiver Empowerment Program Based on the Adaptation Model (CEP-BAM) in increasing the family caregiver's coping ability against various problems and reducing their burden while caring for the stroke patient. Methods This research was a quasi-experimental study with pre- and post-test control group design. The intervention group received CEP-BAM, while the control group received a conventional intervention in the form of a discharge planning program for family caregivers in the hospital. The samples were caregivers who care for and facilitate the recovery of stroke patients during their convalescence at home. We selected the samples from the population using the stratified random sampling method. The number of samples completed in the study was 40 in the intervention group and 40 in the control group. Measurement of outcome variables (coping and caregiver burden) was carried out 4 times including pre-test before the intervention, post-test 1 at 4 months after the intervention, post-test 2 at 5 months after the intervention, and post-test 3 at 6 months after the intervention. Results There were significant differences in caregiver's coping (P = 0.016) and caregiver's burden (P = 0.009) in measurements between the two groups. Conclusions The CEP-BAM interventions were effective in increasing adaptive coping strategies and reducing the burden of caregivers 4 months and continuing 6 months after the intervention.

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