control group design
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2121 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-8
Author(s):  
Mona Shokri Shams ◽  
◽  
Anahita Khodabakhshi-Koolaee ◽  
Mohammad Reza Falsafinejad ◽  
◽  
...  

Background: Although pregnancy and motherhood are enjoyable experiences, they are associated with numerous biopsychological changes requiring adaptation. The present study aimed to assess the effects of relaxing music on life distress and Maternal-Fetal Attachment (MFA) in pregnant women. Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with a pre-test, post-test and a control group design. The research population included all Iranian pregnant women referring to Laleh Hospital in Tehran City, Iran, in 2020. In total, 30 women were selected using the convenience sampling method and randomly assigned into the intervention and control groups (n=15/group). The required data were collected using the Life Distress Inventory (LDI) and the Maternal-Fetal Attachment Scale (MFAS). The intervention group listened to relaxing music for twelve 45-50-minute sessions in the morning and during routine midwifery visits; however, the controls received no intervention. The collected data were analyzed using Multivariate Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) in SPSS V. 22. Results: The obtained results indicated that the intervention group reported a lower level of life distress in the post-test, compared to the controls (P=0.0001, F=15.860). The intervention group also achieved a higher mean score on MFA, than the control group (P=0.0001, F=35.872). Conclusion: According to the present research findings, reproductive health, nursing professionals, and psychologists could recommend music as a complementary therapy to reduce stress and distress experienced by expecting mothers and to improve MFA.


2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Agus Widodo ◽  
Merdieco Rivandi

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to determine student achievement in the manufacturing process subject before giving treatment, to determine student achievement in the manufacturing process course after treatment, to determine whether there was an effect of the inquiry method on student achievement in the manufacturing process course and to find out whether there is a difference in learning achievement after treatment on the use of the inquiry method and the demonstration method. The type of research conducted by the researcher is Quasi Experiment. The research design used is Non Equivalent Control Group Design. The subjects of this study were third semester students (Industrial Engineering) at the Cikarang Industrial META Polytechnic. Data collection techniques were carried out through objective tests, observations of the welding process and assessment of welding results with performance. The results showed that the learning achievement of electric arc welding subjects before being given treatment in the control group and the experimental group had the same initial ability and the data results showed that there were still many students who had not finished. Learning achievement after being given treatment increased in both the control group and the experimental group. After learning with the inquiry method there is an influence on student learning achievement. Besides the effect, there are also differences in learning achievement after being given treatment, namely by comparing the results of the pretest and post-test, after the application of the demonstration method the test results have a significant percentage difference. Keywords: Inquiry Method, Learning Achievement, Electric Arc Welding  ABSTRAKTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui prestasi belajar mahasiswa pada mata kuliah proses manufaktur sebelum pemberian perlakuan, mengetahui prestasi belajar mahasiswa pada mata kuliah proses manufaktur setelah pemberian perlakuan, mengetahui ada tidaknya pengaruh metode inquiry terhadap prestasi belajar mahasiswa pada mata mata kulaih proses manufaktur dan mengetahui ada tidaknya perbedaan prestasi belajar setelah perlakuan pada penggunaan metode inquiry dan metode demonstrasi. Jenis penelitian yang dilakukan oleh peneliti adalah Quasi Eksperimen. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah Non Equivalent Control Group Design. Subjek penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa semester III (Teknik Industri) di Politeknik META Industri Cikarang. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui tes objektif, observasi terhadap proses pengelasan dan penilaian hasil las dengan unjuk kerja. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa prestasi belajar mata pelajaran las busur listrik sebelum diberikan perlakuan pada kelompok kontrol dan kelompok eksperimen memiliki kemampuan awal yang setara dan hasil data menunjukkan masih banyak mahasiswa yang belum tuntas. Prestasi belajar setelah diberikan perlakuan mengalami kenaikan baik pada kelompok kontrol maupun kelompok eksperimen. Setelah pembelajaran dengan metode inquiry terdapat pengaruh pada prestasi belajar mahasiswa. Selain pengaruh terdapat juga perbedaan prestasi belajar setelah diberikan perlakuan yaitu dengan membandingkan hasil pretest dan post-test, setelah penerapan metode demonstrasi hasil tes memiliki persentase perbedaan yang cukup berarti .Kata kunci: Metode Inquiry, Prestasi Belajar, Las Busur Listrik


Mindfulness ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Jaime Navarrete ◽  
Miguel Ángel García-Salvador ◽  
Ausiàs Cebolla ◽  
Rosa Baños

Abstract Objectives The purpose of this exploratory non-randomized controlled study was to determine the acceptance and effectiveness of an 8-week mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) co-designed by a police officer. Methods A pretest-posttest control group design was followed. Participants (MBI group = 20; control group = 18) answered baseline and post-training self-reported measures. In addition, the weekly emotional state of the MBI group was collected. Paired-samples t-test and analysis of covariance were performed for pre-post within-group and between-group differences, respectively, as well as linear mixed effects analysis of repeated measures for week-by-week data. Results High acceptance and attendance rates, as well as significant pre-post within-group differences in the MBI group in mindfulness (η2 = 0.43), self-compassion (η2 = 0.43), depression (η2 = 0.54), anxiety (η2 = 0.46), stress (η2 = 0.51), difficulties in emotion regulation, sleep quality (η2 = 0.57), and burnout (η2 = 0.31–0.47), were identified. Moreover, police officers who underwent the MBI experienced a week by week decrease of anger, disgust, anxiety, sadness, and desire. Finally, after adjusting for pre-test scores, significant between-group differences were found in the way of attending to internal and external experiences (observing mindfulness facet; ηp2 = 0.21), depression symptoms (ηp2 = 0.23), general distress (ηp2 = 0.24), and the degree of physical and psychological exhaustion (personal burnout; ηp2 = 0.20). Conclusions The preliminary effectiveness of this MBI on psychopathology and quality of life outcomes in Spanish police officers was discussed. Previous evidence regarding the promising use of MBIs in this population was supported.


2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 150-156
Author(s):  
M. Ali Maulana ◽  
Yoga Pramana ◽  
Mardhia Mardhia

Penderita penyakit Covid-19 terus bertambah di seluruh dunia hingga saat ini. Tercatat pada Oktober 2020 terlaporkan sekitar 20.369.778 kasus dan 948.795 kasus meninggal dunia. Kejadian di Indonesia hingga saat ini penderita yang terkonfirmasi positif pada oktober 2020 tercatat 344.749 orang. Pada kondisi memburuk seperti ini, WHO telah mendorong negara-negara  untuk mengembangkan vaksin untuk menangani penyakit covid-19 ini. Keresahan masyarakat mengenai informasi vaksin yang diterima dapat mempengaruhi persepsinya terhadap vaksin covid-19, Pendekatan promosi Kesehatan berbasis keluarga bisa menjadi solusi untuk memberikan informasi terbaik tentang vaksin covid-19 di masyarakat, khususnya pada lingkup kecil di tiap keluarga. Adapun tujuan yang ingin dicapai dalam penelitian yaitu menganalisis pengaruh Pendidikan Kesehatan berbasis keluarga terhadap pengetahuan dan sikap masyarakat tentang vaksin covid-19. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif menggunakan desain quasi experimental dengan pendekatan Pre and Post Test dengan metode nonequivalent control group design melibatkan 100 responden dari masyarakat di wilayah kecamatan pontianak barat – kalimantan barat, menggunakan instrumen materi edukasi dan kuesioner pengetahuan dan sikap tentang vaksin covid-19. Hasil penelitian membuktikan bahwa edukasi berbasis keluarga berpengaruh lebih efektif terhadap peningkatan pengetahuan dan sikap masyarakat terhadap vaksinasi Covid-19 dibandingkan dengan edukasi yang diberikan secara publik atau menggunakan media massa


2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 157-167
Author(s):  
Siti Rohimah ◽  
Novia Puspita Dewi

Hipertensi merupakan faktor penyebab utama kematian akibat stroke dan jantung coroner. Salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi tekanan darah adalah aktivitas fisik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh aktivitas fisik jalan kaki terhadap tekanan darah pada lansia hipertensi di Desa Sindangkasih Kecamatan Sindangkasih Kabupaten Ciamis. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode quasi eksperimen pre-test post-test control group design. Pengambilan sampel dengan teknik purposive sampling lansia  hipertensi derajat 1 dan diperoleh 30 responden yang terbagi menjadi 2 kelompok. Instrumen dalam penelitian ini menggunakan tensimeter. Analisis data menggunakan  paired t-test. Hasil penelitian menunjukan adanya penurunan rata-rata tekanan darah sistolik pada responden kelompok intervensi sebesar 15 mmHg, sedangkan untuk penurunan rata-rata tekanan darah diastolic sebesar 13 mmHg. Pada kelompok kontrol terjadi penurunan rata-rata tekanan darah sistolik sebesar 4,3 mmHg dan penurunan rata-rata tekanan darah diastolik sebesar 4 mmHg. Hasil analisa data  menggunakan uji Independen Sample T-test didapatkan nilai signifikan p-value kelompok intervensi = 0,000 dengan ? = 0,05 .Karena p-value < 0,05 maka ada pengaruh aktivitas fisik jalan kaki terhadap tekanan darah pada lansia hipertensi di Desa Sindangkasih Kecamatan Sindangkasih Kabupaten Ciamis Tahun 2021. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adanya pengaruh aktivitas jalan kaki selama 30 menit terhadap tekanan darah sistolik dan diastolik pada lansia hipertensi.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 195-202
Author(s):  
Ulan Dari ◽  
A Halim ◽  
S. Ilyas

Students' motivation to learn is the main aspect to achieve student success. Based on the results of observation and interview, the learning motivation of students in SMA Negeri 2 Kutacane is still relatively less, so the impact on the low cognitive ability of the students. The purpose of this study is to see the influence of the approach blended learning type station rotation on differences in motivation and cognitive abilities after the study. This research use approach uses quasi-experiments design pretest-posttest control group design. The population of this research is all students of class XI, the sample taken is of class XI IPA 2 as the experimental class and XI IPA 3 as the control class. Using a data collection instrument sheet, questionnaires, and interviews to measure the motivation to learn and use the instrument on a test to measure the cognitive abilities of the students. The results of data analysis using t-test (independent sample t-test) show the differences in motivation and cognitive abilities of students with a significance of 0.000 < 0.05 means there is a significant difference between the motivation and ability of cognitive control and experimental classes. Therefore, it can be concluded that there is an influence of the use of the approach blended learning type station rotation motivation and cognitive abilities of the students.


2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 2134-2145
Author(s):  
Raudatul Mispa ◽  
Aminuddin Prahatama Putra ◽  
Muhammad Zaini

Tujuan: Mendeskripsikan (1) pengaruh penggunaan e-LKPD berbasis live worksheet pada konsep protista terhadap hasil belajar kognitif produk (2) pengaruh penggunaan e-LKPD berbasis live worksheet pada konsep protista terhadap hasil belajar kognitif proses. Metode: Menggunakan pendekatan quasi experiment dengan desain The Non-equivalent Control Group Design. Sampel penelitian adalah X MIPA 3 dan 4 yang masing-masing berjumlah 28 orang sebagai kelas eksperimen dan kelas X MIPA 2 berjumlah 29 orang sebagai kelas kontrol. Teknik analisis data untuk hasil belajar kognitif menggunakan uji Mann-Whitney. Hasil: Menunjukkan (1) terdapat pengaruh penggunaan e-LKPD berbasis live worksheet terhadap hasil belajar kognitif produk peserta didik (sig. 0,045), (2) terdapat pengaruh penggunaan e-LKPD berbasis live worksheet terhadap hasil belajar kognitif proses peserta didik (sig. 0,038). Perlunya inovasi kembali terhadap e-LKPD, serta merencanakan pengalokasian waktu dengan benar dan terencana.


2022 ◽  
pp. 073563312110656
Author(s):  
Feray Ugur-Erdogmus ◽  
Recep Çakır

The purpose of this study was to examine a gamified mobile application’s effect on students’ achievement, and whether the player types of the students predicted their achievement scores. A “pretest-posttest control group design” research was conducted with 65 undergraduate students taking a compulsory online course. In the study, a gamified mobile app was developed by the researchers and then applied within an online History I course. The results of the study showed no significant difference between the achievement scores of the Experimental Group and Control Group students. However, multiple linear regression analysis results showed that the Experimental Group’s students’ achievement scores were significantly predicted by the player types they used and their mobile app performance. It is argued, therefore, that this result underlines the importance of player type in designing effective mobile gamification apps for the purpose of learning. Suggestions for further studies are also provided.


2022 ◽  
Vol 6 ◽  
Author(s):  
R. Muhammad Amin Sunarhadi ◽  
Sugeng Utaya ◽  
I Komang Astina ◽  
Budijanto Budijanto ◽  
Pranichayudha Rohsulina

Geography education is realized in learning that combines the study of physical and human geography in a spatial context. GIS Learning in universities is directed to be able to equip students in the use of spatial information which must be accompanied by the ability to manage it cognitively. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of Spatial Thinking Ability learning materials development. The model used in this research and development study was the Dick & Carey model. Field trial was carried out by experimental research using a Quasi Experiment model. The trial design was Post-test Only, Non-Equivalent Control Group Design. The trial was carried out on sixth-semester undergraduate students at Muhammadiyah Surakarta who had taken a GIS course with as many as 41 students. The activity took place in March 2018. In this study, some students were given treatment in spatial thinking ability learning. The result shows a U value of 56 and a W value of 209. When converted to a Z value, the value is -3.943. Sig value or P-Value of 0.000 <0.05.


2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 151-160
Author(s):  
Aulia Kuntum Arfani ◽  
Isti Hidayah ◽  
Dwijanto .

This research analyzed mathematics communication skills with the Means-End Analysis model assisted with Manipulative Property (APM), MEA with Linear System Pro application, and PBL based on the eighth graders' self-efficacy. This quasi-experimental research used a nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group design. The subjects were eighth-graders of Public JHS 4 Adiwerna. The samples were VIII-C learners as the first experimental group, VIII-G learners as the second experimental group, and VIII-H learners as the control group. The data collecting techniques were mathematics communication skill test and self-efficacy inventory. The results were: (1) MEA with APM (82.75%), MEA with Linear System Pro (78.12%), and PBL (75%) of the learners reached the minimum mastery standard with a proportion percentage, 75%; (2) there were mean differences between MEA assisted by APM, MEA assisted by Linear System Pro, and PBL toward the learners’ mathematics communication skills, (3) there were significant differences of self-efficacy: high, moderate, and low toward the learners’ mathematics communication skills; and (4) there were interactions between learning models with the levels of self-efficacy toward learners’ mathematics communication skills. Keywords: Mathematics Communication Skill, Means-End-Analysis Learning Model (MEA), Manipulative Property (APM), Linear System Pro, Self-efficacy.


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