Sensor Network
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2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-25
Author(s):  
Gang Liu ◽  
Zhaobin Liu ◽  
Victor S. Sheng ◽  
Liang Zhang ◽  
Yuanfeng Yang

In wireless sensor network (WSN), the energy of sensor nodes is limited. Designing efficient routing method for reducing energy consumption and extending the WSN’s lifetime is important. This paper proposes a novel energy-efficient, static scenario-oriented routing method of WSN based on edge computing named the NEER, in which WSN is divided into several areas according to the coverage of gateway (or base station), and each of the areas is regarded as an edge area network (EAN). Each edge area network is abstracted into a weighted undirected graph model combined with the residual energy of the sensor nodes. The base station (or a gateway) calculates the optimal energy consumption path for all sensor nodes within its coverage, and the nodes then perform data transmission through their suggested optimal paths. The proposed method is verified by the simulations, and the results show that the proposed method may consume about 37% less energy compared with the conventional WSN routing protocol and can also effectively extend the lifetime of WSN.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Author(s):  
Yue Zhao

Based on the principle of cluster wireless sensor network, this article introduces typical routing protocols in wireless sensors, and wireless sensor network protocol in detail analyzes their advantages and disadvantages and addresses their shortcomings. First, in the clustering network, a uniform clustering protocol with multiple hops in the circular network is proposed. The circular network is divided into rings of equal width, and clusters of equal size are set on different rings. Secondly, the ordinary nodes on each layer of the ring send the collected data to the auxiliary intelligent nodes in the cluster in a single-hop manner, and the auxiliary intelligent nodes located on the outer ring transfer the data to the auxiliary intelligent nodes located on the adjacent inner ring. Finally, on the basis of studying the clustering network protocol, this paper proposes a new clustering routing algorithm, a multihop adaptive clustering routing algorithm. The simulation results show that the algorithm can effectively extend the life of the network, save network energy consumption, and achieve network load balance. At the same time, the initial energy of the auxiliary intelligent node is set according to the energy consumption of the ordinary node and the relative distance between the auxiliary intelligent node and the base station on each layer of the ring. The theoretical and simulation results prove that, compared with the clustered network and auxiliary intelligent nodes, the clustered network can extend the life of the network.


Author(s):  
Andrey Makashov ◽  
Andrew Makhorin ◽  
Maxim Terentiev

A wireless sensor network (WSN) of a tree-like topology is considered, which performs measurements and transmits their results to the consumer. Under the interference influence, the WSN nodes transmitters low power makes the transmitted information vulnerable, which leads to significant data loss. To reduce the data loss during transmission, a noise-immune WSN model is proposed. Such a WSN, having detected a stable connection absence between a pair of nodes, transfers the interaction between these nodes to a radio channel free from interference influence. For this, the model, in addition to forming a network and transferring application data, provides for checking the communication availability based on the keep-alive mechanism and restoring the network with a possible channel change. A feature point of the proposed approach is the ability to restore network connectivity when exposed to interference of significant power and duration, which makes it impossible to exchange service messages on the channel selected for the interaction of nodes. To support the model, work algorithms and data structures have been developed, indicators have been formalized to assess an anti-jamming system work quality.


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