Wound Management
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Author(s):  
Vijaya Mandale ◽  
Asha Thomas ◽  
Ravindra Wavhale ◽  
Sohan Chitlange

: Over recent years, there has been tremendous research focused on the effective utilization of natural products in wound management. Natural or herbal products contain several phytoconstituents that may act on various stages in wound healing and thereby provide a multi-targeted approach especially in the treatment of chronic wounds. Currently, attempts have been made to screen the phytoconstituents present in herbs on various targets involved in wound healing. This review includes a systematic evaluation of scientific reports by various groups of researchers on the herbals evaluated for wound management, their phytochemical profiling, pre-clinical studies, and molecular modeling studies. Various wound targets discussed include Interleukin-1, Interleukin-6, Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), Thymosin beta-4 (Tβ-4) that regulate the early inflammatory stage and the novel T cell immune response cDNA 7(TIRC7) that regulates angiogenesis. Also, neuropeptides P and Y act on the inflammatory, migratory, and proliferation phases, and growth factors like vascular endothelial growth factor family (VEGF) and placental growth factor family (PGF) are involved in angiogenesis, while the role of Fibroblast growth factor in tissue remodeling is discussed. As many of the natural products include polyherbal systems, this approach can help in the judicious selection of a combination of herbs that will act on multiple targets in the wound healing process and provide a multi-factorial approach in wound management.


2021 ◽  
Vol 37 (1) ◽  
pp. 16-21
Author(s):  
Kariana Atkinson ◽  
Dave McRuer

Contaminated wounds are frequently encountered on injured wildlife patients. Left untreated, contaminated wounds may result in infection with ongoing complications. Wound irrigation is an essential part wound treatment and arguably the most effective means of preventing wound infection. Successful treatment depends on a number of factors but selecting the most appropriate irrigant for the type of wound, degree and type of contamination, species and patient status is up to the informed caregiver. This article discusses some of the pros and cons of common irrigants used in veterinary wound management and best practices for application.


2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (2) ◽  
pp. 28-40
Author(s):  
Y. L. Chepurnaya ◽  
G. G. Melkonyan ◽  
N. T. Gulmuradova ◽  
A. A. Sorokin

Despite the evolution in modern surgery and in pharmaceutical industry, purulent pathology of the hand is occupying a leading position for many years among all diseases with which patients are admitted to hospitals. Over the years, medical care for such patients has been improving. A high social and economic significance of this problem makes surgeons to continue searches of new directions not only in surgical techniques, but also in postoperative wound management to improve outcomes in patients with purulent diseases of the hand.The purpose of this work is to assess results of care of patients with purulent finger and hand diseases treated with laser light necrectomy and photodynamic therapy. A comparative analysis of wound process dynamics and treatment outcomes in 198 patients with hand purulent diseases who had been admitted to Moscow City Hospital No. 4 was made by the authors. All patients were divided into four groups depending on the curative modality. In Group 1 (n = 53), a wound was sutured after surgery, and a drainage-lavage system (DLS) was installed; in Group 2 (n = 50), a wound was not sutured because of contraindications to suturing; in Group 3 (n = 46), patients had laser necrectomy after which a wound was sutured and DLS was installed; in Group 4 (n = 49), a wound was not sutured because of contraindications like in Group 2, but it was treated with antiseptic dressings and photodynamic therapy at an early postoperative period. Various aspects of the effectiveness of laser techniques have been analyzed: dynamics of wound healing, changes in wound defect size, level of pain syndrome assessed by VAS, changes in clinical blood tests, changes in wound exudate cytological picture as well as changes in wound microflora. Acceleration of wound healing was noted in all patients who were treated with laser light what, consequently, shortened their inpatient stay. Laser light also changed cytological and microbiological patterns of wound exudate, as evidenced by the decrease of wound detritus and by the decrease of microbial content in the wound. In patients, who were treated with laser light, less pain syndrome was registered immediately after laser technique application.The obtained findings demonstrate a positive effect of laser necrectomy with DLS at wound process as well. Photodynamic therapy significantly improved results in patients with open wound management on the hand and fingers. Laser techniques have good perspectives in purulent surgery of the hand.


2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Shinya Yokoyama ◽  
Rei Tonomura ◽  
Ryohei Fukuba ◽  
Kazuhiro Mitani ◽  
Hideki Uemura

Abstract Purpose Sternal splintage is known as an effective maneuver to stabilize hemodynamics during the immediate postoperative period, particularly in very sick infants. On the other hand, its wound management is not always straightforward. We employed dressing using a product made of a hydrocolloid material in such circumstances. This report describes our experience in utilizing the dressing in term of its potential advantages. Materials and methods Six infants needed open chest management following complicated procedures for congenital heart disease. A polytetrafluoroethylene patch was fixed to augment the skin defect at the time of sternal splintage, and a hydrocolloid dressing was applied to entirely cover the wound including the suture line. Result All patients survived their difficult circumstances. None of them suffered wound complications such as infection or healing problem during sternal splintage or subsequent to eventual chest closure. The dressing product was easy to handle with no adverse events associated with its material. Conclusions It is reconfirmed that a dressing made of hydrocolloid material was of practical use for sealing the wound in infants requiring open chest management after cardiac surgery.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Atsushi Taguchi ◽  
Tsuyoshi Kojima ◽  
Yusuke Okanoue ◽  
Hiroki Kagoshima ◽  
Koki Hasebe ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 ◽  
pp. 100623
Author(s):  
P.M. Alves ◽  
C.C. Barrias ◽  
P. Gomes ◽  
M.C.L. Martins

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (6) ◽  
pp. 4-7
Author(s):  
Hendro Sudjono Yuwono

The coffee powder has inherent capabilities as an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial. It is a topical wound dressing for acute and chronic wounds, encouraging results different from the wound dressing known today. It is named the new paradigm of wound management. The study of coffee powder since 2003 as a topical wound dressing has created an understanding condemn to disturb the cells in the wound bed. A thin layer of coffee powder should stay in place to ensure safety, covering superficial wound cells’ growth. The remained thin layer of coffee powder has created minimum detached wound cells. Wound healing provides effectiveness for acute and chronic wounds resulted in low cost, easy to get, acceptable scar, non-traumatic, pleasant scent, and not scary to the patients. The utilization of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial capacities anticipates the injury of the new growth of epithelial cells at the wound bed. It makes better cell proliferation, proper scar formation and safe naturally. Its simplicity in wound management procedures helps improve public health efforts. Hence, it suggested that the coffee powder has the capabilities of the best topical wound dressing.


Author(s):  
Sangita Santosh Nimbalkar ◽  
Manish R. Malani

Introduction: management and prevention of wounds after a surgical procedure, are important and debatable topics. Optimal adoption of guidelines for proper prevention and management of post-surgical wounds must be carried out by any surgeon or institute. Postoperative wound care is done by cleaning and dressing the wounds after the surgical procedure, preventing them from getting contaminated with the external surfaces or the microorganisms on the patient’s body. Surgical Site Infection (SSI) is the infection associated with healthcare in which the infection occurs in the wound after an invasive surgical procedure. A minimum of 5% of the patients who undergo surgical procedures will develop surgical site infections. This study draws the attention of the clinicians to a proper set of guidelines for post-operative care to minimize post-operative complications. Materials and Methods: this study is a Retrospective Cohort design. The study was considered 92 patients who had various types of surgery from during the period of 10 months. The patients who had intra-abdominal surgery are only included. The study divided 92 patients into 2 groups. In each group, 46 patients were assigned based on following NICE guidelines on postoperative wound management. Patients, for whom the NICE guidelines were followed properly at every aspect, were assigned to the first group (Group 1). Otherwise, the patients were assigned to the second group (Group 2). The study adopted a list comprising of NICE guidelines which are applicable to this study. The study assessment was done by observing the appearance of Surgical Site Infection among the patients, 3 to 7 days post-surgery. Results: it as found that 91.30% of the Group 1 patients showed significant improvement in terms of resolution while only 13.04% of the patients in improved significant without any surgical site infection (SSI). Conclusion: the study results show that the patients who were given post-operative care according to NICE guidelines had much lesser Surgical Site Infection (SSI) as compared to those who were not given post-operative care according to NICE guidelines. Keywords: surgical site infection, postoperative care, nice guidelines, wound management


Author(s):  
Lois Ashenden ◽  
Yasser Al Omran ◽  
Catherine Mitchell ◽  
Samim Ghorbanian ◽  
Christopher Abela

There is a vast number of wound dressings to choose from, which can make selecting the most suitable dressing for a wound a daunting prospect. This article highlights how the wound can guide the doctor's decision. Although all wound dressings are intended to achieve optimal wound healing and protection from contamination, they do so to varying degrees depending on the qualities of the dressing and the wound itself. This article looks at a range of dressings, from traditional to newer dressings, and evaluates their benefits and contraindications to help determine where they are best suited for use in wound management.


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