The International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
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Published By Sage Publications


Komal Saeed ◽  
Farid Ahmad Khan ◽  
Saad Bin Abdul Qudus ◽  
Sundas Javed

Autologous fat grafting (AFG) is an emerging therapeutic option for wounds that are not ready for grafting. The regenerative potential of autologous fat lies in the adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs) contained within the stromal vascular fraction (SVF), which are capable of differentiating into multiple cell lineages. However to date, there has been no comprehensive evaluation of its efficacy in acute complicated wounds. This study aims to critically evaluate the efficacy and safety of AFG in cutaneous wound healing. Materials and Methods: This prospective, quasi experimental study was conducted in the Department Of Plastic Surgery, SIMS, Lahore, between June 2020 and June 2021. Thirty patients with pale granulation, not ready for grafting with no vital structure exposed were included in the study after detailed history, examination and were photographed pre and postoperatively. The procedure was performed under local anaesthesia. 40 to 80 ml fat was harvested from lower abdomen and after emulsification, placed over the wound wrapped in sufra tulle dressing. The dressing was changed on third postoperative day and outcome was assessed on clinical grounds. Results: Thirty patients (M:F Ratio 1.75:1) with mean age 30 years (Range 13-45 years) were included in this study with post traumatic (n = 23) and post infective (n = 7). Of 27 patients who completed their follow up, all had healthy granulation tissue which was later on grafted. Mean number of fat dressing sessions were 2 (Range 1-3). Conclusion: Autologous fat grafting has shown promising results for cutaneous wounds without any unacceptably high complication rates reported so far. Randomised controlled trials should be done on a larger scale to prove its efficacy in the management of complicated wounds.

Reza Tayfeh-Ebrahimi ◽  
Amir Amniattalab ◽  
Rahim Mohammadi

Wound healing is interaction of a complex cascade of cellular/biochemical actions leading to restoration of structural and functional integrity with regain of injured tissues strength. This study was aimed at evaluation of application of ethanolic extract of propolis-loaded poly(-lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (EEP-PLGA NPs) on wound healing in diabetic rats. Sixty rats were randomized into four groups of 15 rats each: In control group (Control) diabetic wound was treated with normal saline. In Carrier 1 group diabetic wound was treated with PLGA nanoparticles based solution. In Carrier 2 group the diabetic wound was treated with EEP. In Treatment group animals received EEP-PLGA NPs on the wound. Wound size was measured on 7, 14 and 21 days after surgery. The expression of p53, bcl-2, Caspase III, were evaluated using reverse-transcription PCR and Immunohistochemical staining. The Treatment group had significantly reduced the wound size compared to other groups ( P = 0.001). histological and morphometric studies, and mean rank of the qualitative studies demonstrated that there was significant difference between Treatment group and other groups ( P < .05). Observations demonstrated that ethanolic extract of propolis-loaded PLGA nanoparticles significantly shortened the inflammatory phase and accelerated the cellular proliferation. Accordingly, the animals in Treatment group revealed significantly ( P < .05) higher fibroblast distribution/one mm2 of wound area and rapid re epithelialization. The mRNA levels of bcl-2, p53 and caspase III were remarkably ( P < .05) higher in Treatment group compared to control and animals. The immunohistochemical analyzes confirmed the RT-PCR findings. EEP-PLGA NPs offered potential advantages in wound healing acceleration and improvement through angiogenesis stimulation, fibroblast proliferation and granulation tissue formation in early days of healing phases, acceleration in diabetic wound repair associated with earlier wound contraction and stability of damaged area by rearrangement of granulation tissue and collagen fibers.

Tsvetan Gatev ◽  
Viktoriya Byalkova ◽  
Ivan Poromanski ◽  
Tsvetelina Velikova ◽  
Dobrin Vassilev ◽  

Introduction: Diabetic foot disease is an advanced complication of diabetes mellitus, which is associated with severe invalidization and high mortality rate among affected people. Many factors are involved in its pathogenesis but not all of them are fully elucidated. Objectives: Adipose tissue and its hormones – adipokines, are related to diabetic complications and metabolic disorders. Until now, there are limited data on their role in diabetic foot. The aim of this cross-sectional study is to determine the levels of the adipokine omentin-1 in people with and without diabetic foot disease and to look for its potential involvement in this complication. Methods: Eighty patients with type 2 diabetes and mean age of 60.8±10.5 years were included in this study. They were divided into two groups: with (n=36) and without (n=44) diabetic foot disease. Standard antrometric, clinical and laboratory tests were made. Body composition was analyzed by bioelectrical impedance based device. Serum omentin-1 was measured using ELISA method. Results: Levels of omentin-1 were significantly higher among people with diabetic foot disease (700.2±345.1 ng/ml), compared to the other group (560.2±176.7 ng/ml). This difference remained significant even after adjusting for potential confounders. In a regression model omentin-1 proved its predictive value for development of diabetic foot. Conclusion: Adipokines, and particularly omentin-1, might be included in the pathogenesis of diabetic foot disease.

Satyanam Kumar Bhartiya ◽  
Rina Prasad ◽  
Sumit Sharma ◽  
VijayKumar Shukla ◽  
Gopal Nath ◽  

Background:Traumatic wound is a great challenging issue to surgeons, because of large in size, heavily contaminated, infected and unscenic. Infection proceeded to progressive tissue necrosis, septicemia, organ failure or even death. Majority has polymicrobial infections. Bacteriohage therapy will have revolutionized in the treatment of wound. The present study was planned to evaluate the efficacy of topical bacteriophage therapy on large traumatic wounds in comparison with conventional therapy. Methods:The Study conducted from Sept. 2018 to July 2020. Samples between 12- 60 years was taken into study. Customized bacteriophage applied over the wound after serial debridement in case and conventional dressing in control. Fifty four wounded person met the clinical inclusion criteria; 27 in each group. Wound swab and tissue biopsy was taken for bacterial isolation. Isolated specific phage was applied over the wound on alternate day till the wound become sterile and fit for further definitive management. Results: A significant and rapid improvement was observed in wound healing in cases then control group. Average number of day required for complete granulation of wound and attaining sterility was half in cases then control. The hospital stay of the patients on BT was half (20days) than those on CT (40 days). The financial analysis also favours the BT over CT as only 1/third expenditure incurred in BT group as compared to CT Conclusion:Topical Bacteriophage therapy is efficient, effective to clearing the infection in shorter length of time and cost effective for infected traumatic wounds as compared to conventional dressing.

Michele Neves Brajão Rocha ◽  
Carol Viviana Serna Gonzalez ◽  
Eline Lima Borges ◽  
Vera Lúcia Conceição de Gouveia Santos ◽  
Soraia Assad Nasbine Rabeh ◽  

The recurrence of venous ulcers is the wound reopening after a period of completed epithelisation of a previous ulcer due to exposure to causal factors and lack of prevention. Venous ulcers have a high recurrence rate that may increase through the years. Epidemiological evidence on its incidence and risk factors is scarce due to the lack of patient follow-up in outpatient clinics and adherence to treatment after healing. The objective was to analyze the incidence of venous ulcers recurrency in outpatients and the risk factors for its occurrence. It is an observational historical cohort with retrospective data collection, performed through electronic medical records. Setting: private health insurance outpatient clinic. The participants were adult patients with healed venous ulcers. Incidence of venous ulcer recurrence was calculated within individuals with healed ulcers from 2014 and 2018 with a follow-up of at least one year. Bivariate analysis and logistic regression were used to explore risk factors considering demographic, clinical, and wound-related variables. As a result, sixty-five (65) of the 134 patients with healed venous ulcers had a recurrence, leading to an incidence of 48.5%, with a mean onset time of 230.1 (SD 267) days. Patients with recurrent venous ulcers were primarily women (39/48.1%), with a mean age of 64 (SD 15.5) years, 57 (50.8%) had some comorbidity, with systemic arterial hypertension as the most frequent (47/51%). Obesity (15/88.2%) increased the risk of venous ulcers recurrence by 8.7 (OR 95% CI 2.1-60.8; P = .009) times. In conclusion, venous ulcers recurrence incidence was 48.5%, with obesity as a risk factor. This study demonstrates that the clinical approach of people with venous ulcers should not finish when the wound is healed. For ulcer recurrence prevention interventions addressing systemic factors, besides topical management of the wound, are essential.

Alaaddin Oktar Üzümcügil ◽  
Nihat Demirhan Demirkiran ◽  
Süleyman Kaan Öner ◽  
Alper Akkurt ◽  
Sevil Alkan Çeviker

An 84-year-old male patient with no known comorbidity was admitted to the emergency department with complaints of dyspnea and respiratory distress. The patient was referred to the COVID outpatient clinic, laboratory and radiology tests were performed. Thoracic CT scan of the patient showed large peripheral patchy ground glass densities observed in the lower lobes of both lungs. CT imaging findings were evaluated by an experienced radiologist and reported as COVID-19 pneumonia. The patient, who was self-isolated at home for 5 days, presented to the emergency department again on the fifth day with complaints of respiratory distress, fever, bruising with cough, and loss of peripheral pulse in the left lower extremity. Necessary tests were performed on the patient. An above-knee amputation was performed when a diagnosis of limb ischemic necrosis was made and no revascularization attempt was considered by the CVS department. This case study describes the coexistence of sudden lower extremity thrombosis and Covid-19 in our case without a known chronic disease.

Ayşe Sağmak Tartar ◽  
Kader Uğur ◽  
Kevser Tuncer Kara ◽  
Ayhan Akbulut ◽  
Kutbettin Demirdağ ◽  

Dermcidin, salusin-α, and salusin-β are three recently discovered molecules that confer antimicrobial properties. The present study aims to investigate the association between dermcidin, salusin-α, and salusin-β in the etiopathology of patients with diabetic foot infection. The study included three groups: Group 1 - diabetic foot infection; Group 2 - diabetes without history of diabetic foot; and Group 3 – the control group. Plasma dermcidin, salusin-α, and salusin-β levels were compared across the groups. Median (Q1-Q3) values of plasma dermcidin levels in Groups 1, 2, and 3 were 3.45 (0.8-4.4), 5.2 (3.7-6.4), and 5.8 (3.1-10) ng/mL, respectively. Diabetic foot infection group had significantly lower plasma dermcidin levels compared to diabetes only group and control group ( P = .000, ANOVA), whereas there was no statistically significant difference between the Group 2 and Group 3 ( P = .163, ANOVA). Salusin-α and salusin-β levels were significantly higher in the Group 3 compared to the other groups. Based on our findings, diabetic foot infection group had significantly lower plasma dermcidin levels and salusin-α and salusin-β levels were significantly higher in the control group. These molecules (dermcidin specifically) can be researched as an adjuvant therapeutic agent in addition to conventional treatments in diabetic foot diabetic foot infections. Also, it can be searched this may prevent many complications including amputation.

Jill Featherston ◽  
Anke M. Wijlens ◽  
Jaap J. van Netten

Monitoring foot skin temperatures at home have been shown to be effective at preventing the occurrence of diabetic foot ulcers. In this study, the construct validity of using >2.2°C difference between contralateral areas on the foot as a warning sign of imminent ulceration is explored. Thirty participants with diabetes at high risk of ulceration (loss of protective sensation and previous ulceration and/or amputation) monitored their foot temperatures at six sites, four times a day for six days using a handheld infrared thermometer. Walking activity, time of day, and environmental temperature were also monitored and correlated with foot temperatures. We found that contralateral mean skin temperature difference was 0.78°C at baseline. At single sites, left-to-right temperature differences exceeding the threshold were found in 9.6% of measurements ( n = 365), which reduced to 0.4% when individually corrected and confirmed the next day. No correlation was found between contralateral temperature differences and activity, time of day, and environmental temperature. We conclude that using a >2.2°C difference is invalid as a single measurement in people at high risk of ulceration, but the construct validity is appropriate if both individual corrections and next day confirmation are applied.

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