optimal error estimates
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Zhaonan Dong ◽  
Alexandre Ern

We propose a novel hybrid high-order method (HHO) to approximate singularly perturbed fourth-order PDEs on domains with a possibly curved boundary. The two key ideas in devising the method are the use of a Nitsche-type boundary penalty technique to weakly enforce the boundary conditions and a scaling of the weighting parameter in the stabilisation operator that compares the singular perturbation parameter to the square of the local mesh size. With these ideas in hand, we derive stability and optimal error estimates over the whole range of values for the singular perturbation parameter, including the zero value for which a second-order elliptic problem is recovered. Numerical experiments illustrate the theoretical analysis.

2021 ◽  
Vol 24 (1) ◽  
Erik Burman ◽  
Peter Hansbo ◽  
Mats G. Larson

AbstractIn the present work we show some results on the effect of the Smagorinsky model on the stability of the associated perturbation equation. We show that in the presence of a spectral gap, such that the flow can be decomposed in a large scale with moderate gradient and a small amplitude fine scale with arbitratry gradient, the Smagorinsky model admits stability estimates for perturbations, with exponential growth depending only on the large scale gradient. We then show in the context of stabilized finite element methods that the same result carries over to the approximation and that in this context, for suitably chosen finite element spaces the Smagorinsky model acts as a stabilizer yielding close to optimal error estimates in the $$L^2$$ L 2 -norm for smooth flows in the pre-asymptotic high Reynolds number regime.

2021 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Jérôme Droniou ◽  
Liam Yemm

Abstract We design a Hybrid High-Order (HHO) scheme for the Poisson problem that is fully robust on polytopal meshes in the presence of small edges/faces. We state general assumptions on the stabilisation terms involved in the scheme, under which optimal error estimates (in discrete and continuous energy norms, as well as L 2 L^{2} -norm) are established with multiplicative constants that do not depend on the maximum number of faces in each element, or the relative size between an element and its faces. We illustrate the error estimates through numerical simulations in 2D and 3D on meshes designed by agglomeration techniques (such meshes naturally have elements with a very large numbers of faces, and very small faces).

2021 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Tomás Chacón Rebollo ◽  
Macarena Gómez Mármol ◽  
Isabel Sánchez Muñoz

Abstract In this paper, we study a finite element discretization of a Level Set Method formulation of free-surface flow. We consider an Euler semi-implicit discretization in time and a Galerkin discretization of the level set function. We regularize the density and viscosity of the flow across the interface, following the Level Set Method. We prove stability in natural norms when the viscosity and density vary from one to the other layer and optimal error estimates for smooth solutions when the layers have the same density. We present some numerical tests for academic flows.

Jinhong Jia ◽  
Xiangcheng Zheng ◽  
Hong Wang

We investigate a variably distributed-order time-fractional wave partial differential equation, which could accurately model, e.g., the viscoelastic behavior in vibrations in complex surroundings with uncertainties or strong heterogeneity in the data. A standard composite rectangle formula of mesh size $\sigma$ is firstly used to discretize the variably distributed-order integral and then the L-1 formula of degree of freedom $N$ is applied for the resulting fractional derivatives. Optimal error estimates of the corresponding fully-discrete finite element method are proved based only on the smoothness assumptions of the data. To maintain the accuracy, setting $\sigma=N^{-1}$ leads to $O(N^3)$ operations of evaluating the temporal discretization coefficients and $O(N^2)$ memory. To improve the computational efficiency, we develop a novel time-stepping scheme by expanding the fractional kernel at a fixed fractional order to decouple the fractional operator from the variably distributed-order integral. Only $O(\log N)$ terms are needed for the expansion without loss of accuracy, which consequently reduce the computational cost of coefficients from $O(N^3)$ to $O(N^2\log N)$ and the corresponding memory from $O(N^2)$ to $O(N\log N)$. Optimal-order error estimates of this time-stepping scheme are rigorously proved via novel and different techniques from the standard analysis procedure of the L-1 methods. Numerical experiments are presented to substantiate the theoretical results.

Luigi C. Berselli ◽  
Michael Růžička

AbstractIn this paper we prove optimal error estimates for solutions with natural regularity of the equations describing the unsteady motion of incompressible shear-thinning fluids. We consider a full space-time semi-implicit scheme for the discretization. The main novelty, with respect to previous results, is that we obtain the estimates directly without introducing intermediate semi-discrete problems, which enables the treatment of homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions.

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