Oxygen improves respiration and sleep pattern

InPharma ◽  
1989 ◽  
Vol 718 (1) ◽  
pp. 15-15
1983 ◽  
Vol 103 (3) ◽  
pp. 309-314 ◽  
G. Rosadini ◽  
P. Masturzo ◽  
G. Rodriguez ◽  
G. Murialdo ◽  
V. Montano ◽  

Abstract. The effects of a single oral dose of phenobarbital (PB) on the 24 h secretion of prolactin, growth hormone and luteinizing hormone have been evaluated in normal women. An EEG record was taken and barbiturate levels assayed in serum. A statistically significant decrease of growth hormone 24 h mean levels was observed and growth hormone and prolactin values during sleep were diminished. No changes in luteinizing hormone concentrations were observed. After PB the EEG showed no important alterations in sleep pattern, but on the power analysis an increase above 16 Hz absolute power was detected during the waking period.

2019 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
Nathália Carolina Tomazelli Crespo ◽  
Rosimere Ferreira Santana ◽  
Valdecyr Herdy Alves ◽  
Audrey Vidal Pereira ◽  
Giovanna Rosario Soanno Marchiori ◽  

Objetivo: conhecer o perfil de Diagnósticos de Enfermagem em mulheres nutrizes atendidas no Banco de Leite Humano. Metodologia: estudo descritivo, com 30 mulheres atendidas no Banco de Leite Humano entre doadoras e não doadoras. Os dados foram coletados nos meses de março a maio de 2012. A análise se deu por meio de estatística descritiva. Resultados: os diagnósticos foram descritos para dois grupos: Não doadoras: Disposição para conhecimento melhorado (100,0%), Risco de infecção (80,9%), Integridade Tissular prejudicada (80,9%), Padrão de sono prejudicado (76,1%), Conhecimento deficiente (66,6%), Ansiedade (52,3%); Em Doadoras: Padrão de sono prejudicado (77,7%) e Ansiedade (55,5%). Conclusão: a taxonomia diagnóstica encontra-se de acordo com a população estudada. Validou-se a necessidade do uso dessa tecnologia como um sistema padrão de linguagem.Descritores: Bancos de leite; Diagnóstico de enfermagem; Cuidados de enfermagem; Saúde da mulher; Aleitamento materno.NURSING DIAGNOSIS IDENTIFIED IN WOMEN AT THE HUMAN MILK BANKObjective: to know the profile of Nursing Diagnosis in women hosted in the Human Milk Bank. Methodology: descriptive study, with 30 women attended at the Human Milk Bank between donors and no donors. Data were collected from March to May 2012. The analysis was done through simple descriptive statistics. Results: diagnosis were described for two groups: No donors: Readiness for enhanced knowledge (100.0%), Risk for infection (80.9%), Impaired tissue integrity (80.9%), Disturbed sleep pattern (76.1%), Deficient knowledge (66.6%), Anxiety (52.3%); In Donors: Disturbed sleep pattern (77.7%) and Anxiety (55.5%). Conclusion: the diagnostic taxonomy is in agreement with the studied population. The need to use this technology as a standard language system was validated.Descriptors: Milk banks; Nursing diagnosis; Nursing care; Women’s health; Breastfeeding.ENFERMERÍA DE DIAGNÓSTICO IDENTIFICADOS EN MUJERES ASISTIDA EN BANCO DE LECHE HUMANAObjetivo: conocer el perfil de los diagnósticos de enfermería de las mujeres dio la bienvenida al Banco de Leche Humana. Metodology: estúdio descriptivo, con 30 mujeres atendidas enel Banco de Leche Humana entre los donantes y no donantes. Los datos fueron recolectados entre marzo y mayo de 2012. El análisis se realizó utilizando estadísticas descriptivas simples. Resultados: los diagnósticos han sido descritos por dos grupos: No donantes: Disposición para mejorar los conocimientos (100%), Riesgo de infección (80,9%), Deterioro de la integridade cutánea (80,9%), Trastorno del patrón de sueño (76, 1%), Conocimientos deficientes (66,6%), Ansiedad (52,3%); Em Donantes: Trastorno del patrón de sueño (77,7%) y Ansiedad (55,5%). Conclusión: la taxonomía diagnóstica es función de la población estudiada. Han verificado la necesidad de la utilización de esta tecnología como un sistema estándar de lenguaje.Descriptores: Bancos de leche; Diagnóstico de enfermería; Atención de enfermería; Salud de lamujer; Lactancia materna.

Chunnan Li ◽  
Shaomei Shang

Background: To evaluate the association of sleep factors (sleep duration, self-reported trouble sleeping, diagnosed sleep disorder) and combined sleep behaviors with the risk of hypertension. Methods: We analyzed 12,166 adults aged 30–79 years who participated in the 2007–2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Sleep duration, self-reported trouble sleeping and sleep disorders were collected using a standardized questionnaire. We included three sleep factors (sleep duration, self-reported trouble sleeping and sleep disorder) to generate an overall sleep score, ranging from 0 to 3. We then defined the sleep pattern as “healthy sleep pattern” (overall sleep score = 3), “intermediate sleep pattern” (overall sleep score = 2), and “poor sleep pattern” (0 ≤ overall sleep score ≤ 1) based on the overall sleep score. The definition of hypertension was based on self-reported antihypertensive medication use or biological measurement (systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg). We used weighted logistic regression models to investigate the associations between sleep and hypertension. Results: The overall prevalence of hypertension was 37.8%. A short sleep duration (OR = 1.20, 95% CI: 1.08 to 1.33, p = 0.001), self-reported trouble sleeping (OR = 1.45, 95% CI: 1.28 to 1.65, p < 0.001) and sleep disorder (OR = 1.33, 95% CI: 1.07 to 1.66, p = 0.012) were related to the risk of hypertension. Poor sleep patterns were closely correlated with the risk of hypertension (OR = 1.90, 95% CI: 1.62 to 2.24). Conclusions: Participants with poor sleep patterns were associated with an increased risk for hypertension.

Martin Theiler ◽  
Nicole Knöpfel ◽  
Susanne von der Heydt ◽  
Agnes Schwieger-Briel ◽  
Isabelle Luchsinger ◽  

AbstractSleep problems are frequently reported in infants treated with propranolol for infantile hemangiomas, possibly serving as a marker for a negative impact on central nervous system function. In this cohort study, we objectively investigate the sleep behavior of infants with infantile hemangiomas on propranolol compared to a healthy, untreated control group. Sleep of propranolol-treated infants and controls was investigated using ankle actigraphy and a 24-h diary for 7–10 days at ages 3 and 6 months. The main outcome measures were the Number of Nighttime Awakenings and Sleep Efficiency. The main secondary outcome measures included 24-hour Total Sleep, daytime sleep behavior, and parent-rated infant sleep quality and behavioral development based on the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire (BISQ) and the age-appropriate Ages-and-Stages Questionnaire (ASQ), respectively. Fifty-four term-born infants were included in each cohort. No group difference in any investigated parameter was seen at age 3 months. At age 6 months, the propranolol group exhibited a decrease in Sleep Efficiency and a trend towards an increased Number of Nighttime Awakenings compared to the control group. Treated infants at 6 months also had shorter daytime waking periods. 24-hour Total Sleep was unaffected by propranolol. No negative impact of propranolol on subjective sleep quality and behavioral development was noted.Conclusion: Propranolol exerts a measurable yet mild impact on objectively assessed infants’ sleep measures. Behavioral developmental scores were unaffected. Our results support propranolol as first-line therapy for complicated infantile hemangiomas. What is Known:• Sleep disorders are frequently reported in infants with infantile hemangiomas treated with propranolol and often lead to treatment discontinuation.• Investigations of the sleep pattern in this patient group using objective measures are lacking. What is New:• The sleep pattern of propranolol-treated infants is assessed using actigraphy and a 24-h sleep diary and compared to healthy, untreated controls.• Propranolol leads to a decreased sleep efficiency at night and an increased demand of daytime sleep, yet effects are mild overall.

2021 ◽  
Vol 26 (1) ◽  
Keivan Ranjbar ◽  
Hamidreza Hosseinpour ◽  
Reza Shahriarirad ◽  
Haleh Ghaem ◽  
Khoubyar Jafari ◽  

Abstract Background School closure is one of the main policies of global health care strategies performed worldwide. Despite all benefits, there might be some threats for younger groups spending their time in quarantine. This study aims to determine the impacts of lockdown and school closure on children’s major lifestyle aspects, especially their leisure and sleep pattern during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods For the purpose of this study, an online questionnaire was distributed from 14th to 31st of March 2020 among the schools and students from the first grade to the 12th grade (before university) in Fars province, southern Iran. The questionnaire consisted of five sections which included data regarding the students’ general information, activity priorities, adherence to quarantine, attitude toward school closure, and sleep patterns. Results In our study, 20,697 filled questionnaires were received from the participants with an average age of 13.76 years; 29.7% of them were male, 80.6% were from urban areas, and 83.3% were from public schools. The overall first preference of students during school closure was mobile and computer games (30.1%), followed by studying (26.6%) and watching television (13.8%). Our results demonstrated that the majority of students adhered to social distancing and there was also a significant correlation among education levels and desire for schools to be closed till the end of the semester (P = 0.015). Also, regarding sleep patterns, the majority (53.5%) had above 12 h of sleep throughout the day. Conclusion It seems that lockdown following COVID-19 pandemic has changed various aspects of the students’ lifestyle remarkably, especially by increasing screen time and even sleep duration and pattern. We believe that certain strategies should be implemented by the Health and Educational Ministry to control not only the visible side effects of the quarantine period, but also the collateral consequences on their psychological and mental health.

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Cristina Barnadas Solé ◽  
María Fernanda Zerón Rugerio ◽  
Javier Foncillas Corvinos ◽  
Antoni Díez-Noguera ◽  
Trinitat Cambras ◽  

2011 ◽  
Vol 15 (6) ◽  
pp. 545-553 ◽  
Andressa Silva ◽  
Paula Araujo ◽  
Adriano Zager ◽  
Sergio Tufik ◽  
Monica Levy Andersenl

2018 ◽  
Vol 18 (1) ◽  
Beth A. Lewis ◽  
Dwenda Gjerdingen ◽  
Katie Schuver ◽  
Melissa Avery ◽  
Bess H. Marcus

1992 ◽  
Vol 15 ◽  
pp. 276B
Jernajczyk Wojciech ◽  
Leszek Jerzy

2010 ◽  
Vol 28 (3) ◽  
pp. 115-119 ◽  
Anaflávia O Freire ◽  
Gisele C M Sugai ◽  
Sônia Maria Togeiro ◽  
Luiz Eugênio Mello ◽  
Sérgio Tufik

Background Most patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) do not tolerate treatment with nasal continuous positive airway pressure, the ‘gold standard’ treatment for this condition. It was shown in a pilot study that acupuncture was more effective than placebo treatment (sham acupuncture) in producing significant changes in the respiratory events assessed by polysomnography (PSG). Objectives To investigate the immediate effect of manual acupuncture (MA) and electroacupuncture (EA) on the sleep pattern of patients presenting with moderate OSA. Methods 40 patients with an Apnoea–Hypopnoea Index (AHI) of 15–30/h were randomly allocated to MA treatment (n=10), EA 10 Hz treatment (n=10), EA 2 Hz treatment (n=10) and a no-treatment control group (n=10). The patients received MA or EA (2 or 10 Hz) just before the PSG study at 20:00. Results The AHI (p=0.005; p=0.005), the Apnoea Index (p=0.038; p=0.009) and the respiratory events (p=0.039; p=0.014) decreased significantly in the MA and EA 10 Hz groups, respectively (AHI (21.9, 11.2), Apnoea Index (5.15, 0.7), respiratory events (120.5, 61.0) in the MA group before and after. AHI (20.6, 9.9), Apnoea Index (8.2, 0.3), respiratory events (117.0, 56.0) in the EA 10 Hz group before and after). The micro-arousals decreased only in the MA group (146.0 vs 88.5, p=0.0002). There were no significant changes in the EA 2 Hz group or in the control group. Conclusion A single session of either MA or EA 10 Hz had an acute effect in reducing the AHI as well as the number of nocturnal respiratory events of patients presenting with moderate OSA.

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