scholarly journals Corrigendum to “Arsenic or/and antimony induced mitophagy and apoptosis associated with metabolic abnormalities and oxidative stress in the liver of mice” [Sci. Total Environ. (2021) volume 777, 10 July 2021, 146082]

2022 ◽  
Vol 817 ◽  
pp. 152983
Gaolong Zhong ◽  
Fang Wan ◽  
Shaofeng Wu ◽  
Xuanxuan Jiang ◽  
Zhaoxin Tang ◽  
2017 ◽  
Vol 29 (5) ◽  
pp. 442-449 ◽  
Yaima L. Lightfoot ◽  
Luz P. Blanco ◽  
Mariana J. Kaplan

2015 ◽  
Vol 2015 ◽  
pp. 1-8 ◽  
Seong-Jong Lee ◽  
Jong-Min Han ◽  
Jin-Seok Lee ◽  
Chang-Gue Son ◽  
Hwi-Jin Im ◽  

The medicinal plantsArtemisia iwayomogi(A. iwayomogi) andCurcuma longa(C. longa) radix have been used to treat metabolic abnormalities in traditional Korean medicine and traditional Chinese medicine (TKM and TCM). In this study we evaluated the effect of the water extract of a mixture ofA. iwayomogiandC. longa(ACE) on high-fat diet-induced metabolic syndrome in a mouse model. Four groups of C57BL/6N male mice (except for the naive group) were fed a high-fat diet freely for 10 weeks. Among these, three groups (except the control group) were administered a high-fat diet supplemented with ACE (100 or 200 mg/kg) or curcumin (50 mg/kg). Body weight, accumulation of adipose tissues in abdomen and size of adipocytes, serum lipid profiles, hepatic steatosis, and oxidative stress markers were analyzed. ACE significantly reduced the body and peritoneal adipose tissue weights, serum lipid profiles (total cholesterol and triglycerides), glucose levels, hepatic lipid accumulation, and oxidative stress markers. ACE normalized lipid synthesis-associated gene expressions (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, PPARγ; fatty acid synthase, FAS; sterol regulatory element-binding transcription factor-1c, SREBP-1c; and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha, PPARα). The results from this study suggest that ACE has the pharmaceutical potential reducing the metabolic abnormalities in an animal model.

Hasan Haci Yeter ◽  
Berfu Korucu ◽  
Elif Burcu Bali ◽  
Ulver Derici

Abstract. Background: The pathophysiological basis of chronic kidney disease and its complications, including cardiovascular disease, are associated with chronic inflammation and oxidative stress. We investigated the effects of active vitamin D (calcitriol) and synthetic vitamin D analog (paricalcitol) on oxidative stress in hemodialysis patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study was composed of 83 patients with a minimum hemodialysis vintage of one year. Patients with a history of any infection, malignancy, and chronic inflammatory disease were excluded. Oxidative markers (total oxidant and antioxidant status) and inflammation markers (C-reactive protein and interleukin-6) were analyzed. Results: A total of 47% (39/83) patients were using active or analog vitamin D. Total antioxidant status was significantly higher in patients with using active or analog vitamin D than those who did not use (p = 0.006). Whereas, total oxidant status and oxidative stress index were significantly higher in patients with not using vitamin D when compared with the patients who were using vitamin D preparation (p = 0.005 and p = 0.004, respectively). On the other hand, total antioxidant status, total oxidant status, and oxidative stress index were similar between patients who used active vitamin D or vitamin D analog (p = 0.6; p = 0.4 and p = 0.7, respectively). Conclusion: The use of active or selective vitamin D analog in these patients decreases total oxidant status and increases total antioxidant status. Also, paricalcitol is as effective as calcitriol in decreasing total oxidant status and increasing total antioxidant status in patients with chronic kidney disease.

2014 ◽  
Vol 17 (5) ◽  
pp. 271 ◽  
Murat Bicer ◽  
Tunay Senturk ◽  
Murat Yanar ◽  
Ahmet Tutuncu ◽  
Arzu Yilmaztepe Oral ◽  

<strong>Background</strong>: It has been suggested that off-pump coronary<br />artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery reduces myocardial<br />ischemia-reperfusion injury, postoperative systemic<br />inflammatory response, and oxidative stress. The aim of this<br />study was to measure serum malondialdehyde (MDA), highsensitivity<br />C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), M30, and M65 levels<br />and to investigate the relationship between M30 levels and<br />oxidative stress and inflammation in patients undergoing onand<br />off-pump CABG surgery.<br /><strong>Methods</strong>: Fifty patients were randomly assigned to onpump<br />or off-pump CABG surgery (25 patients off-pump and<br />25 on-pump CABG surgery), and blood samples were collected<br />prior to surgery, and 30 minutes, 60 minutes, 6 hours,<br />and 24 hours after CABG surgery.<br /><strong>Results</strong>: Compared to the on-pump group, serum MDA<br />levels at 30 minutes, 60 minutes, 6 hours, and 24 hours after<br />the CABG surgery were significantly lower in the off-pump<br />group (P = .001, P = .001, P = .001, and P = .001, respectively).<br />Serum M30 levels were found to be elevated in both groups,<br />returning to baseline at 24 hours. When compared to baseline,<br />the hs-CRP level reached its peak at 24 hours at 13.28 ±<br />5.32 mg/dL in the on-pump group, and 15.44 ± 4.02 mg/dL<br />in the off-pump group.<br /><strong>Conclusion</strong>: CABG surgery is associated with an increase<br />in inflammatory markers and serum M30 levels, indicating<br />epithelial/endothelial apoptosis in the early period.

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