scholarly journals Factors Affecting the Success of Smoking Cessation Clinic: A Cross-Sectional Study

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-1
Esra ERSOY ◽  
Huseyin CETİN ◽  
Sabah TUZUN ◽  
Can ÖNER ◽  
Sevda CÖMERT ◽  
2019 ◽  
Vol 9 (3) ◽  
pp. 129
Ni Luh Putu Devhy ◽  
Ns. A. A. Istri Dalem Hana Yundari ◽  
Ika Setya Purwanti ◽  
Diah Prihartiningsih

Abstract Introduction The Smoking Cessation Clinic (SCC) is one of the government's efforts to reduce the number of smokers. The SCC is expected to help people who want to quit smoking. This study aims to describe the awareness of smokers to quit smoking through the clinical consultation service to stop smoking in the city of Denpasar. Method: The design of this study was a cross-sectional study conducted at Puskesmas in the city of Denpasar for 3 months from July to November 2018. Samples were selected using consecutive sampling of 33 people. Data was collected using a structure questionnaire. Results: The results found the potensial utilization of SCC in Denpasar City Health Center was very high, as 25 respondents (75.8%) suggested that their families use the SCC. The opinion of the puskesmas visitors to teaching and learning activities was that most or 57.6% stated that the smoking cessation clinic was effective in making smokers quit smoking. In 2017 there were 177 people use SCC and those who managed until quite smoking are only 5 people. Discussion: The level of utilization of teaching and learning activities is still low because there are still many visitors in the Public Health Centers who are not aware of it. Most of diseases and health problems are related to smoking therefor collaboration SCC with others program are important. All health officers at others program should ask and recommend patient and the family to SCC if there any smokers.  

Gloria Pérez-Rubio ◽  
Luis Alberto López-Flores ◽  
Ana Paula Cupertino ◽  
Francisco Cartujano-Barrera ◽  
Luz Myriam Reynales-Shigematsu ◽  

Previous studies have identified variants in genes encoding proteins associated with the degree of addiction, smoking onset, and cessation. We aimed to describe thirty-one single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in seven candidate genomic regions spanning six genes associated with tobacco-smoking in a cross-sectional study from two different interventions for quitting smoking: (1) thirty-eight smokers were recruited via multimedia to participate in e-Decídete! program (e-Dec) and (2) ninety-four attended an institutional smoking cessation program on-site. SNPs genotyping was done by real-time PCR using TaqMan probes. The analysis of alleles and genotypes was carried out using the EpiInfo v7. on-site subjects had more years smoking and tobacco index than e-Dec smokers (p < 0.05, both); in CYP2A6 we found differences in the rs28399433 (p < 0.01), the e-Dec group had a higher frequency of TT genotype (0.78 vs. 0.35), and TG genotype frequency was higher in the on-site group (0.63 vs. 0.18), same as GG genotype (0.03 vs. 0.02). Moreover, three SNPs in NRXN1, two in CHRNA3, and two in CHRNA5 had differences in genotype frequencies (p < 0.01). Cigarettes per day were different (p < 0.05) in the metabolizer classification by CYP2A6 alleles. In conclusion, subjects attending a mobile smoking cessation intervention smoked fewer cigarettes per day, by fewer years, and by fewer cumulative pack-years. There were differences in the genotype frequencies of SNPs in genes related to nicotine metabolism and nicotine dependence. Slow metabolizers smoked more cigarettes per day than intermediate and normal metabolizers.

Drpadmajauday Kumar ◽  
Varsha Kalyanpur

ABSTRACTObjectives: Estimating the hemoglobin (Hb) status in female medicos through prospective cross-sectional study and assessment of influencing ofcofactors were objectives.Methods: Women medicos who volunteered, consented and met selection criteria were enrolled. Hb level was estimated to diagnose anemia.Relationship with influencing factors was assessed statistically.Result: A total of 100 eligible students were enrolled. Mean age±standard deviation (SD) age of the participants’ was 20.9±3.1 years (17-25 years).Mean±SD Hb was 12.25±1.0189 g% (9.0-16.0 g%). 33 were anemic, and mild anemia (32%) was frequent. There was a history of worm infestation inthree students (3%), who were treated adequately. Nine were on iron supplements of which five were still anemic and were continuing the treatmentby the end of the study. 28 (84.84%) anemic students were not on any iron or hematinic treatment. There was no association between the anemiaand nature of diet, consumption of green leafy vegetables, consumption of coffee/tea after food, smoking/tobacco or alcohol consumption, mother’seducation, socioeconomic status, menstrual factors, and physical exercise. The prevalence of anemia was found to be higher in underweight andoverweight students in comparison to students with normal body mass index.Asymptomatic participants (n=78) outnumbered symptomatic ones(n=22), but without any statistical significance. Easy fatigability (14%), pallor (7%), breathlessness (6%), weakness (9%), and easy bruising (1%)were frequent complaints.Conclusion: Anemia is frequent among women medicos, often underdiagnosed, under-reported, many remaining asymptomatic. Negligence ofmedical students toward their anemic status despite the awareness of consequences of low Hb level is a serious cause of concern.Keywords: Awareness, Hemoglobin, Nutritional anemia, Women medical students.

2018 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
pp. 55-60
Abeer Salem Al Shahrani ◽  
Shahad Faraj ◽  
Alanood Alhargan ◽  
Malak Aljumaid ◽  
Asmaa Gosty ◽  

2017 ◽  
Vol 9 (4) ◽  
pp. 266 ◽  
Husam Eldin Elsawi Khalafalla ◽  
Mohamed Salih Mahfouz ◽  
Muath Hassan Ibrahim Najmi ◽  
Sayyaf Abdullah Mohammad Najmi ◽  
Qasem Ali Yahya Arishi ◽  

BACKGROUND: Physical activity is one of the most important factors that affect human health; it reduces the chances of hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes, breast and colon cancer, and depression.OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to measure prevalence of physical activity and to determine the factors affecting the level of physical activity among medical student in Jazan University.METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the students of medical colleges of Jazan University. A random sample of 419 was determined using most recent physical activity prevalence. A validated self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection.RESULTS: There is a high prevalence of inactivity among study participants (88.1%). Females (91.7%) were more significantly (p value=0.013) inactive than males (83.8%). The most influential barrier perceived by participants is (heavy) academic work as well as lack of places for physical activity; the latter factor being more effective in hindering female students' physical activity.CONCLUSION: Results revealed that the inactivity rate was very high among medical students. The results of this study call for a well-planned intervention at the university level for improving the level of physical activity among university students.

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