basic metal
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Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 315 ◽  
pp. 123167
Jing Wang ◽  
Yiru Mao ◽  
LiZhi Zhang ◽  
Yonglong Li ◽  
Wenming Liu ◽  

Gosai Maji ◽  
Uma Shankar Malik

Asansol-Durgapur Industrial Region serves as nerve-knot of the economy of West Bengal as well as the entire economic region of Eastern India because of its enormous reservoir of excellent quality of coal of Raniganj Coalfield, outstanding network of transport by rail and road, skillful and cheap labour in close proximity of states. With the establishment of a number of large industrial units like Iron & Steel Plant, Durgapur Steel Plant, Chittaranjan Locomotive works, Durgapur Alloy Steel Plant, Durgapur Thermal Power Station, and hundreds of medium and small-scale industries have made the region great industrial belt after Hooghly industrial belt in West Bengal. Though there was rapid industrialization after independence period but the growth of industries has not taken place uniformly throughout the study area. This is because, high manufacturing intensity found in Durgapur, Asansol, Raniganj and Kulti areas whereas the Salanpur, Jamuria, Fraidpur, Barabani areas witnesses low manufacturing intensity. The decadal growth of industries also noteworthy, in 1951 there were 46 industrial units and it increased to 430 in 2019. The number of basic metal and engineering units was 2 and 18 respectively in the year 1951 whereas in 2019 the basic metal and engineering unit increased to 122 and 66 respectively. This paper primarily focuses on the estimation of spatial and temporal distribution of manufacturing industrial units, growth and structural changes, manufacturing intensity and concentration of the manufacturing sector during the period of 1951 to 2019 in Asansol-Durgapur Industrial Region.

2020 ◽  
Vol 147 ◽  
pp. 104801 ◽  
Raj Kumar Dahal ◽  
Omid Norouzi ◽  
Jesse Cameron ◽  
Arun Pandian ◽  
Ankita Shrestha ◽  

Materials ◽  
2019 ◽  
Vol 12 (23) ◽  
pp. 3978 ◽  
Hui Wang ◽  
Haifeng Yang ◽  
Lifang Zhao

A well-dispersed SiO2@Layered hydroxide cupric benzoate (SiO2@Cu-LBMS) with a hierarchical structure have been synthesized by a facile method. The layered hydroxide cupric benzoate with a structure of layered basic metal salt (Cu-LBMS) was directly deposited on the surface of silica spheres without any blinder. The morphology of the SiO2@Cu-LBMS nano-microsphere was observed by SEM, and the reaction conditions was also discussed. In addition, the XRD patterns and FTIR spectra provide consistent evidence to the formation of SiO2@Cu-LBMS nano-microspheres. The release behavior and drug loading capability of SiO2@Cu-LBMS microspheres were also investigated by using ibuprofen, aspirin and salicylic acid as model drugs. The results indicated that the drug loading capability of SiO2@Cu-LBMS nano-microspheres was much larger than layered hydroxide cupric benzoate, and the releasing time was significantly prolonged than layered hydroxide cupric benzoate and their physical mixture.

2019 ◽  
Vol 960 ◽  
pp. 38-44
Hong Chang

The crack propagation of different weld joint samples were detected by acoustic emission (AE) technique. The samples were from the basic metal, weld seam and heat affected zone (HAZ), The results showed that the crack growth rate of basic metal was higher than weld seam and HAZ because of the transverse compressive residual stress in joint. But the coarse of grains was the reason for higher rate of weld seam than that of HAZ. And AE waveforms of crack propagation from three microstructures were different. The most compositions of AE signals were higher frequency of 300KHz for weld seam and lower one of 100KHz for basic metal and HAZ.

Анатолий Кульков ◽  
Anatoliy Kul'kov ◽  
Максим Ларионов ◽  
Maksim Larionov

The investigation results of metal surface processing before industrial painting or protective coat application are shown. A pre-coloring processing defines quality of the coating applied, its adhesion with basic metal, uniformity and strength. The processes of surface roughness formation depending on processing modes and properties of the abrasive used are considered thoroughly.

2018 ◽  
Vol 8 (6) ◽  
pp. 1546-1552 ◽  
Andreas Fell ◽  
Frank Feldmann ◽  
Christoph Messmer ◽  
Martin Bivour ◽  
Martin C. Schubert ◽  

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