direct observation
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2022 ◽  
Vol 210 ◽  
pp. 114461
Fuzhou Han ◽  
Geping Li ◽  
Fusen Yuan ◽  
Yingdong Zhang ◽  
Wenbin Guo ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 ◽  
Rizky Permatasari ◽  
Kundharu Saddhono ◽  
Nugraheni Eko Wardani

Society has an essential role in the implementation and development of a tradition in its environment. The traditional ceremony of Bersih Desa in Kedungbendo Village is one of the traditions still carried out today. The community also plays a role in the implementation of the traditional ceremony of Bersih Desa in Kedungbendo Village. This study used the descriptive qualitative method. The sources of data in this study came from informants, places, events, and documents. The data was collected by using interviews, direct observation, and documents. Based on the study results, it can be concluded that the reason people still carry out the tradition of Bersih Desa is that it belongs as a legacy from their ancestors. Since it is a legacy, its existence must be preserved. The traditional ceremony of Bersih Desa is also used as a medium between humans to express gratitude to God for the blessings and redemption given. The traditional ceremony of Bersih Desa is also carried out with the purpose and hope that the village community's life will be much better with the blessings received so that nothing terrible happens to the village community.

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (02) ◽  
pp. 102-114
Sabalius Uhai ◽  
Eman Sukmana ◽  
A Rinto Dwiatmojo ◽  
Egi Saltia Anggriawan ◽  
Firman Sinaga

The purpose of this study was to determine the tourist attraction in Waduk Panji Sukarame. Tenggarong City has one of the mainstay tourist destinations in East Kalimantan, one of which is the Waduk Panji Sukarame as a tourist attraction, as a tourist attraction and object, it is necessary to hold a good management process so that visitors become interested in coming to the place. This study finds out what tourist attractions are in the Waduk Panji Sukarame Tenggarong, Kutai Kartanegara Regency, East Kalimantan. The research method used is the descriptive qualitative research method. The data collected is through direct observation and interviews with the managers of the Waduk Panji Sukarame. Waduk Panji Sukarame has natural attractions. It has an orchid garden and has artificial gazebo tours, colourful bridges, unique toilets, flying fox, duck bikes, viewing towers, playgrounds. The Waduk Panji Sukarame has a tourist attraction and is worthy as a tourist attraction.

Subha Chakraborty ◽  
Annastacia D. Stubbs ◽  
Tara F. Kahan

SinkrOn ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 17-25
Ika Parma Dewi ◽  
Agung Prasetyo ◽  
Muhammad Giatman ◽  
Wakhinuddin Wakhinuddin ◽  
Agariadne Dwinggo Samala

Abstract:The UNP Hospitality Center virtual tour application aims to help promote to potential visitors, and as an interactive promotional media. Hospitality Center UNP is an inn located in the Padang State University area and has various types of rooms and meeting facilities. Based on interviews with the UNP Hospitality Center internal parties, the promotions used are still using brochures. This tool only provides a little information to potential visitors about the rooms and facilities, namely only with photos and writing, this makes limited information that can be conveyed because with a brochure prospective visitors can only see one picture of each existing facility. The data collection stage was carried out by the method of interviews and direct observation. The next stage for developing the author's application uses the Multimedia Development Life Cycle (MLDC) method. consists of Concept, Design, Material Collecting, Assembly, Testing, and Distribution. The main features of this application are: hospitality profile, panorama list, location, floorplan and usage information. With these main features, it is found that by using the UNP Hospitality Center virtual tour application, it can make it easier to promote to prospective UNP Hospitality Center guests.    

Animals ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 113
Michelle Tillmanns ◽  
Kees Scheepens ◽  
Marieke Stolte ◽  
Swetlana Herbrandt ◽  
Nicole Kemper ◽  

In this study, a pig toilet was installed on an organic pig farm, which enabled pigs to use a lying area littered with straw and keep it clean. The pig toilet was separated into a defaecation area and a urination area and nursery pigs were trained to use the urination area by means of a rewarding system. A total of 24 piglets were weaned at 6–7 weeks of age and housed in the experimental system for four-week periods. Per trial, a group of four pigs was formed, and videos were recorded on two days per week (08:00 to 18:00). Direct observation was carried out in the first and last week of each trial. In total, 1500 eliminations were video-analysed. An individual pig had an average of 7.1 ± 1.4 defaecations and 4.8 ± 0.8 urinations per day. In total, 96.4% of all urinations and 97.4% of all defaecations were performed in the pig toilet. However, most urinations took place in the defaecation area as well (90.4%). Even if the training to spatially separate defecation and urination behaviour was not successful, we showed that a pig toilet offers the possibility to create littered lying areas, possibly increasing animal welfare.

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