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2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
J.M. Mohamed ◽  
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M.L. De Silva ◽  
K.G.A.S. Waidyasekera ◽  
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...  

Road projects are experiencing huge delays in Sri Lanka due to utility relocation, delays in releasing payments, design changes during construction phase, price escalation and land acquisition to accommodate utility relocation. In some instances, contract of utility projects was awarded when road works were nearing completion. There is no sound legislation that exists defining the powers, rights and obligations of Roads and Utility authorities. As a result, Roads Authorities in Sri Lanka are obliged to pay all costs associated with the above impacts, along with extension of time due to such delays from the allocated funds for road works. This has been causing burden to the project scope and impacting the economy of Sri Lanka. As such, it is important to identify suitable remedial measures to mitigate such impacts during the design and construction stages. Qualitative research method was adopted through the inductive process by selecting purposive samples of experts for semi structured in-depth interviews. In addition, more data was collected through documents review. This study revealed that the knowledge gap in the sector to identify and recommended remedial measures for impacts caused by utility works in road projects in Sri Lanka.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 30-33
Author(s):  
Wely Pasadena ◽  
Timbul Siahaan ◽  
Pujo Widodo

Designing a machine relates to the human factor. The size of the human body and machine can cause problems due to mismatch. So that, size of the human body into consideration in the design of the machine is very important. The shape and size of the machine that is not suitable will cause difficulties for the operator in carrying out their activities. The purpose of this research was to design propellant cutting machine sizes based on anthropometry. The research method is based on the anthropometry of Indonesia. Anthropometry tools obtained the size of the minimum height of the machine, the maximum width of the machine, and also the maximum height of the table.  The Result dimension of the height of the machine was 1792 mm and the width of the machine was 300 mm while the height of the machine table was 932 mm. The position of the operator control was 95mm from the floor.


2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (11) ◽  
pp. 370-377
Author(s):  
Yenny Aman Serah

This study offers a development of a model of fair teacher protection, with a focus on research conducted in West Kalimantan, particularly in Pontianak City and Ketapang District. The offer of a just teacher protection model is based on the empirical facts that there is still violence in the world of education and/or the criminalization of teachers that is still happening. Although various laws and regulations have been regulated to provide legal protection for teachers, the mechanism for implementing legal protection for teachers has not yet been formulated, so the reality is that when problems occur in the world of education and/or criminalization of teachers, they are resolved in various ways, either through government agencies, teacher organizations, schools or police officers, and there are even mutual opinions on social media. Through the socio-juridical research method through interviews and discussions, it was found that the effort to provide legal protection for teachers is important to be regulated through regional policies related to the formation of the Legal Service Unit and Teacher Protection or Unit Pelayanan Hukum dan Perlindungan Guru (UPHPG) which can become a coordinating institution and a forum for solving legal problems for teachers. The focus of this article describes how the UPHPG is intended to be a mediation platform for penal mediation in resolving violence in education and/or criminalizing teachers.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Asep Saepuloh ◽  
Rosihon Anwar ◽  
Dadan Rusmana

This research is entitled Islamic Ethics in the Petikan Qur'an Katut Adab Padikana by H. Hasan Mustapa, a Sundanese manuscript made in 1920 AD. Good relationship between being and God as well as among fellow beings themselves. The purpose of this research is to reveal the verses that show a good relationship between a being and God as well as between the creatures themselves, and to reveal the metaphoric verses in the manuscript. This research method uses the qualitative methods, which seeks to collect data, process and analyze it qualitatively. While the approach used is the Maudu'i interpretation and semiotic theory. Petikan Qur’an Katut Adab Padikana were printed by the Mendakna Committee in 1937 AD after Hasan Mustapa asked for three years before he died to be copied. There are 115 articles consisting of 57 Surah of 356 paragraphs. Starting from the Surah al-Baqarah, to Al-Nass, the explanation uses the van Ophuysena spelling (1907-1947) and the writing process starts from the left corner, namely the verses of the Qur'an then the right corner of the writing of the verses of the al-Qur'an is in the language Latin, and after that the content of the meaning of the verse is explained by using the Sundanese language so that it is easily understood by the people of the Sundanese area.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 130-143
Author(s):  
Herry Sonya Corneles ◽  
Jefry Yopie Afner Suak ◽  
Veydy Yanto Mangantibe

Abstrak: Artkel ini membahas konsep kristologi penganut krsiten tauhid. Persoalan doktrin Kristologi, khususnya tentang hubungan antara natur keilahian dan natur keinsanian Yesus Kristus sudah ada sejak abad mula-mula, sehingga gereja merumuskan rumusan Chalcedon pada konsili Chalcedon yang diadakan tahun 451. Tetapi persoalan Kristologi tetap berlanjut meskipun gereja sudah memiliki rumusan Chalcedon tersebut. Salah satu ajaran yang menentang Trinitas dan doktrin keilahian Yesus Kristus adalah unitarianisme, yang muncul pada abad reformasi. Paham unitarianisme merupakan paham yang meyakini bahwa hanya ada satu Allah saja, baik eksistensi maupun persona. Dalam ajaran tentang Kristus, paham ini lebih menekankan kemanusiaan Yesus Kristus dan menolak natur keilahian Yesus Kristus. Dibuktikan pada  bagian Alkitab bahwa Yesus adalah Allah dalam beberapa cara. Karena Kristus benar-benar tokoh yang pernah hadir dalam sejarah dunia ini. Penulisan ini menggunakan metode penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan kajian literatur, sehingga diperoleh data tentang latar belakang sejarah dan ajaran penganut Kristen Tauhid, presuposisi penganut Kristen Tauhid, pokok-pokok pemikiran Kristologis penganut Kristen Tauhid, analisis terhadap konsep Kristologi penganut Kristen Tauhid dan implikasinya bagi Theologia Kristen.Abstract: This article discusses the christology concept of monotheistic Christians. The issue of the doctrine of Christology, especially regarding the relationship between the divine nature and the human nature of Jesus Christ, has existed since the early centuries, so the church formulated the Chalcedon formula at the Chalcedon council which was held in 451. But the Christological problem continued even though the church already had the Chalcedon formula. One of the teachings that opposed the Trinity and the doctrine of the divinity of Jesus Christ was unitarianism, which emerged in the Reformation century. Unitarianism is an understanding that believes that there is only one God, both existence and person. In the teachings of Christ, this understanding emphasizes the humanity of Jesus Christ and rejects the divinity of Jesus Christ. This writing uses a descriptive research method with a literature review approach, in order to obtain data on the historical background and teachings of monotheistic Christians, presuppositions of monotheistic Christians, the main points of Christological thoughts of monotheistic Christians, analysis of the concept of Christology of monotheistic Christians and their implications for Christian Theology


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
JONI MANUMPAK PARULIAN GULTOM

The results of the Barna Institute stated that 57% of children aged 18-29 years did not regularly worship. While a survey from Number Research in the age range of 15-18 years, adolescents who do not usually worship are 7.7%. That increased to 10.2% at the age of 19-22 years and reached 13.7% at this age of 23-25 years. Their level of concern for God and worship decreased drastically. The local church lost its way of shepherding them. Shepherd stewardship did not develop linearly with the development of social media. How should shepherd be? What strategies are used be in face-to-face pastoral care and virtual spaces? This paper aims to restore the quality of pastoring function and bridge the logical church pastoring caretaker with the virtual world. The research method used is a qualitative method with literature study and observation. This research hoped to maximize the shepherding and discipleship of millennial children. So that millennial children experience spiritual growth, remain committed to shepherding, and contribute to local and virtual services on an ongoing basis


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (2) ◽  
pp. 179-191
Author(s):  
Titi Stiawati

This study aims to determine community participation in the Community-Based Total Sanitation Program (STBM) in changing healthy living behavior in the Kasunyatan Village, Serang City, Banten Province. The qualitative research method is the approach used in this study, namely by collecting data through observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation. The results of the study found that the community-based total sanitation program had the benefit of changing people's behavior from the aspect of clean environmental awareness and disposing of water not indiscriminately. Community involvement is a necessary aspect to be able to control locally in realizing a quality environment. Community involvement in sanitation development, starting from planning, implementation to utilization. The community-based total sanitation program is welcomed by the community, but in terms of the amount of assistance, it still does not meet all community needs.


2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  
pp. 182
Author(s):  
Cornelius Kiki Hartanto ◽  
Diaz Restu Darmawan ◽  
Cristo Rodento Manalu ◽  
Ackenesiana Lenny

The unity of harmony which forms the strains leads people to consider music as a means to lead, enliven entertainment as well as certain ritual ceremonies. Music that is increasingly developing turns into a tool that regulates relations between human relationships, life and its environment. In Indonesia, music is categorized into two types, namely traditional music (archipelago music) and modern music. These to types of music have different types of genre. However, nowadays, they have been packed a lot in combined ways. Traditional music consists of rhythm adaptation and tools that develop in a particular culture, so that, in this case, the presence of traditional music is lifted from everyday life which forms a certain characteristic for a culture. One of them is traditional musical instrument. An ethnic group named Dayak Kayaan who is located in Datah Dian village, Kapuas Hulu Regency, West Kalimantan, also has a traditional musical instrument.  The instrument is known as Sape'.  The method used in this study was qualitative research method with ethnographic approach. This approach was used to see how the people of Dayak Kayaan in Datah Dian village played and produced Sape’. In line with the development of modern music, Sape' music also flows with developments, its various functions divide the types of Sape'. These include the Kayaan Traditional Sape' music which functions as ritual and traditional ceremonies and Modern Sape' music which is played only for personal use.


2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (4) ◽  
Author(s):  
Reghitama Sucita

The Indonesian Smart College Card Program is a program that provides tuition assistance from the government for high school/vocational graduates who have good academic potential, but have economic limitations and want to continue to a higher education level, either D3, D4 and S1. KIP was created by the government as a complement to the Bidikmisi program, which aims to help the poor to continue to receive higher education. This study aims to look at the implementation of the Indonesian Smart Card program at the University of Riau and the factors that support its implementation. The research method used is descriptive qualitative method and uses the theory of policy implementation according to George Edward III which consists of several indicators, namely communication, resources, disposition, and bureaucratic structure. The results of this study are the finding of deficiencies that are a concern for improvement, namely in the socialization so that the implementation of the KIP program has not run optimally at the University of Riau. The supporting factors in the implementation of the KIP program at the University of Riau include communication between implementers, human resources, budget resources, equipment resources, authority resources, dispositions, and bureaucratic structures. Researchers provide suggestions that communication, especially socialization can be improved so that the implementation of this program can run optimally.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 193-204
Author(s):  
Mualim ◽  
Hendra Karunia Agustine ◽  
Annisa Hariyani

This study aims to examine the implementation of Murabahah bil Wakalah on multipurpose financing products in a review of Islamic Law. The research method used in this research is field research (field research). The types and sources of data in this study used primary and secondary data. Data collection techniques through interviews, observation, and documentation. The data obtained in this study are conclusions from various processes in qualitative research. Starting from data collection, selecting appropriate data, presenting data and then concluding.The results of this study are murabahah bil wakalah contracts in multipurpose financing at BPRS HIK Parahyangan, murabahah contracts are carried out simultaneously with wakalah contracts. Where the murabahah contract is carried out at the beginning to determine the selling price, the agreed profit, and the installment period.


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