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2021 ◽  
K.G.A.S Waidyasekara ◽  
K.I. Ridmika ◽  
N.M.G.H. Sandagomika ◽  
A.N Konara ◽  

The construction industry, which is a labour intensive and skill development of the industry would yield both economic and social returns to the national economy. Among other occupational categories, there is a significant demand for the plant and equipment (P&E) operators in the construction industry. Nevertheless, limited numbers of research are available on the said area. Hence, the aim of this paper is to investigate the status of P&E operators in Sri Lankan building construction projects. Accordingly, this study encompassed a qualitative research approach, and six semi-structured expert interviews were conducted as the data collection tool. The study revealed that mainly two categories of P&E as moveable and immovable and further identified subcategories under each. Based on the results, occupational map was developed for the P&E operators in building construction projects in Sri Lanka. Furthermore, the study revealed that technical and mechanical skills as an essential input for an efficient P& E operator. Moreover, the paper discussed issues with P & E operators. Accordingly, inconsistency, taking long leave, poor health conditions, less experience, and less motivation were identified as prominent issues.

Fiorella Mete ◽  
David J. Corr ◽  
Michael P. Wilbur ◽  
Ying Chen

Collecting information on heavy trucks and monitoring the bridges which they regularly cross is important for many facets of infrastructure management. In this paper, a two-step algorithm is developed using bridge and truck data, by deploying sequentially unsupervised and supervised machine learning techniques. Longitudinal clustering of bridge data, concerning strain waveforms, is adopted to perform the first step of the algorithm, while image visual inspection and classification tree methods are applied to truck data concurrently in the second step. Both bridge and truck traffic must be monitored for a limited, yet significant, amount of time to calibrate the algorithm, which is then used to build a classification framework. The framework provides the same benefits of two data collection systems while only one needs to be operative. Depending on which monitoring system remains available, the framework enables the use of bridge data to identify the truck’s profile which generated it, or to estimate bridge response given the truck’s information. As a result, the present study aims to provide decision-makers with an effective way to monitor the whole bridge-traffic system, bridge managers to plan effective maintenance, and policymakers to develop ad hoc regulations.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
Nur Laili Noviani ◽  
Moch. Lukluil Maknun ◽  
Agus Iswanto ◽  
Bisri Ruchani

K.H. Ahmad Rifa’I is one of the scholars in Indonesia who until now has loyal followers and spreads in various regions. One of the da'wah that he taught was to write religious books. The manuscript is still used by the congregation. One of the storage areas for manuscripts by K.H. Ahmad Rifa’i is in Wonosobo, at the house of K.H. Amin Ridlo (Rifa’iyah figure). Some of the manuscripts are thought to have not been disclosed. This study aims to reveal the manuscripts of K.H. Ahmad Rifa’i Kalisalak in Wonosobo kept by K.H. Amen Ridlo. This qualitative descriptive research was carried out with inventory and transmedia activities of the manuscript. Based on the data collection, there were 14 manuscripts by K.H. Ahmad Rifa’i and also the work of his students that have been successfully transferred to the media. These manuscripts contain various titles and themes, and some of them are in accordance with the inventory list that has been compiled by the Rifa’iyah organization.

2021 ◽  
Chad Hershock ◽  
Laura Ochs Pottmeyer ◽  
Jessica Harrell ◽  
Sophie le Blanc ◽  
Marisella Rodriguez ◽  

Evidence-based practice in educational development includes leveraging data to iteratively refine CTL services. However, CTL data collection is often limited to counts and satisfaction surveys, rather than direct measures of outcomes. To directly assess impacts of CTL consultations on course and syllabus design practices, we analyzed 94 clients’ syllabi (n=32 faculty, n=62 graduate students and postdocs), before and after CTL consultations. Faculty and non-faculty clients demonstrated significant change following consultations (6% and 10% gains in syllabus rubric scores, representing 50% and 31% of possible gains, respectively). We compared faculty clients to quasi-experimental control groups who did not receive consultations. Syllabi from non-clients scored lower and did not demonstrate similar changes across semesters. Attendance at a CTL seminar on course and syllabus design did not explain variation in clients’ syllabi. We discuss implications for assessment of CTL services. Additionally, we compare and contrast the affordances of syllabi and other teaching artifacts as data sources in direct assessments of CTL impacts.      

Rajeev Colaço ◽  
Stephanie Watson-Grant

The global data community has made—and is continuing to make—enormous strides toward collecting, analyzing, and using sex-disaggregated data to improve international development programs. Historically, however, sex-disaggregation has been—and largely continues to be—a binary representation of cisgender female and cisgender male populations. This binary interpretation excludes transgender and gender-nonconforming people and further perpetuates marginalization and discrimination of these populations. In a world where disparities are increasing, it is paramount to highlight and share the experiences of marginalized populations so we are better able to serve all beneficiary needs and end disparities. To this end, we call for a paradigm shift from binary sex-disaggregation to multinomial gender-disaggregation, which is more inclusive and equitable. This call to action is aimed particularly at surveyors, researchers, program implementors, policy makers, and gender rights advocates in both resource-sufficient and resource-constrained settings. The lack of adequate gender-disaggregated data is a universal problem.

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 29-38
Marchelina Rante ◽  
Hernita Matana

A notary is an authorized public official whose main obligation is to make authentic deeds based on a professional code of ethics, related to the widespread indications of forgery of the authentic deeds, of course this needs to be accounted for by the notary himself. This study aims to identify and explain the criminal liability of a Notary against an authentic deed made and indicated forgery and to find out the legal status of a deed made by a Notary that caused a dispute. The data collection carried out in this research is by interview and literature study as well as the applicable legislation. Data were analyzed descriptively qualitatively. The results of the study indicate that if the notary is proven to have falsified or falsified the authentic deed he made and caused harm to interested parties, the notary can be sentenced to criminal, civil, and administrative sanctions. The legal status of the deed that is proven to be falsified by the Notary who made it, which can be canceled, null and void, has the power of proof as an underhand deed, canceled by the parties themselves and canceled by a court decision that has permanent legal force. However, the status or position of the Notary deed can’t be carried out jointly, but only applies to one, in accordance with a permanent court decision.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (68) ◽  
pp. 3904
Jackson Brown ◽  
To Huynh ◽  
Isaac Na ◽  
Brian Ledbetter ◽  
Hawk Ticehurst ◽  

2021 ◽  
pp. tobaccocontrol-2021-056937
Neal Shah ◽  
Matthew Nali ◽  
Cortni Bardier ◽  
Jiawei Li ◽  
James Maroulis ◽  

BackgroundIncreased public health and regulatory scrutiny concerning the youth vaping epidemic has led to greater attention to promotion and sales of vaping products on social media platforms.ObjectivesWe used unsupervised machine learning to identify and characterise sale offers of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) and associated products on Instagram. We examined types of sellers, geographic ENDS location and use of age verification.MethodsOur methodology was composed of three phases: data collection, topic modelling and content analysis. We used data mining approaches to query hashtags related to ENDS product use among young adults to collect Instagram posts. For topic modelling, we applied an unsupervised machine learning approach to thematically categorise and identify topic clusters associated with selling activity. Content analysis was then used to characterise offers for sale of ENDS products.ResultsFrom 70 725 posts, we identified 3331 engaged in sale of ENDS products. Posts originated from 20 different countries and were roughly split between individual (46.3%) and retail sellers (43.4%), with linked online sellers (8.8%) representing a smaller volume. ENDS products most frequently offered for sale were flavoured e-liquids (53.0%) and vaping devices (20.5%). Online sellers offering flavoured e-liquids were less likely to use age verification at point of purchase (29% vs 64%) compared with other products.ConclusionsInstagram is a global venue for unregulated ENDS sales, including flavoured products, and access to websites lacking age verification. Such posts may violate Instagram’s policies and US federal and state law, necessitating more robust review and enforcement to prevent ENDS uptake and access.

2021 ◽  
Martina Stefanova Zaharieva ◽  
Šimon Kucharský ◽  
Cristina Colonnesi ◽  
Tongyu Gu ◽  
Soobin Jo ◽  

Methodological variations and inconsistency in reporting practices pose considerable challenges to the interpretation and generalizability of outcomes derived from the habituation paradigm - one of the most prominent methods for studying infant cognition. In a systematic review, we map out experimental design choices in habituation study samples aged 0-18 months using looking time measures. 2,853 records published in peer-reviewed journals between 2000-2019 were extracted from PsycInfo and Web of Science. 785 (27.5%) papers were identified after screening (Fleiss kappa = .60, 95%, CI[.40 - .80], 6 blind raters). We adopt a collaborative, multi-lab approach for crowd-sourced data collection involving raters from the developmental research community. In a meta-analysis, we assess the impact of habituation detection criteria on the novelty effect size, moderated by age. Our results will inform a detailed evaluation of experimental designs and a set of specific guidelines to improve research and reporting practices in infant habituation research.

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 32
Novia Permata Sari ◽  
Risman Bustamam

The habit of the people of Nagari Balimbing reading Yasin's letter in the morning and evening at the cemetery for seven days is a special attraction. The focus of the research is on the history of the emergence of the tradition of reading Yasin in the morning and evening at the cemetery for seven days, then the practice of reading Yasin in the morning and evening at the cemetery for seven days and the meaning of reading Yasin in the morning and evening at the cemetery for seven days. The type of research that the author uses is a type of field research or (field research) using qualitative descriptive methods. This research data collection technique was obtained from the results of observations, interviews and documentation of researchers with the results of the study it was known that this tradition had been going on from generation to generation which is still being carried out, which originated from the Tariqa Syatariyah brought by Sheikh Burhanuddin from Ulakan. The practice of this tradition is carried out in the morning and evening at the cemetery for seven days in a row by the family of the corpse, namely by reading alfatihah, watering talqin, reciting prayers for the torment of the grave, surah yasin, surah al-ikhlas, al-falaq and an-nas.

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