Soil Nutrients
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2022 ◽  
Vol 328 ◽  
pp. 107856
Author(s):  
Jessica Cuartero ◽  
Jose Antonio Pascual ◽  
Juana-María Vivo ◽  
Onurcan Özbolat ◽  
Virginia Sánchez-Navarro ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 505 ◽  
pp. 119941
Author(s):  
Yong Shen ◽  
Maria Natalia Umaña ◽  
Wenbin Li ◽  
Miao Fang ◽  
Yuxin Chen ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 197 ◽  
pp. 104673
Author(s):  
Felipe Barragán ◽  
David Douterlungne ◽  
Alfredo Ramírez-Hernández ◽  
Sandra Milena Gelviz-Gelvez ◽  
Andrea Valeria Guzmán Miranda ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Nirvani S. Henrique ◽  
Katia L. Maltoni ◽  
Glaucia A. Faria

ABSTRACT Litterfall is an important source of soil nutrients, but its decomposition can be affected by the crop system used. The objective of this study was to evaluate litterfall decomposition and macronutrient stocks in coffee crop systems in shaded (SHCS) environments and those in full sun (FSCS). The experiment was conducted on a rural property in Cacoal, state of Rondônia, Brazil, in a 2 × 6 factorial scheme with two crop systems (SHCS and FSCS), and six litterfall decomposition evaluation times (0, 30, 60, 180, 300, and 360 days after the litterfall was returned to the soil (DAL)), with seven replicates. The constant of decomposition (k), half-life time (t1/2) at 360 DAL, and phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), sulfur (S), and nitrogen (N) concentrations of the remaining litterfall were determined at each evaluation time. The litterfall in the SHCS had a greater weight loss and constant of decomposition and a lower half-life time at the last evaluation, and the weight loss increased as a function of decomposition time. The litterfall stocks of macronutrients N, P, K, Ca, and Mg showed a linear decrease throughout the decomposition time, and increases in sulfur stock were found at the last evaluation.


Life ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 102
Author(s):  
Dan Zhao ◽  
Yao Wang ◽  
Ling Wen ◽  
Hongyun Qu ◽  
Zuobiao Zhang ◽  
...  

It is well known that crop monoculture can induce negative effects on soil ecosystems and crop productivity. However, little is known about how vegetable monoculture affects the soil nematode community structure and its relationship with vegetable yields. In this study, the composition, abundance, metabolic footprint, and ecological indices of soil nematodes are investigated in monocultures of pumpkin and melon. The relationships between nematode community structure and yields of pumpkin and melon were analyzed by linear regression. Both monoculture soils of pumpkin and melon suppressed the relative abundance of bacterivores but increased the relative abundance of plant parasites. Pumpkin monoculture soils decreased soil nematode diversity but increased the maturity index of plant parasites. Monoculture soils of pumpkin and melon decreased the metabolic footprint of lower- and higher-level trophic groups of the soil food web, respectively. Pumpkin and melon monoculture soils increased the food web indices channel index (CI) but decreased the enrichment index (EI) and the structure index (SI). The monoculture soils of pumpkin and melon led to a more fungal-dominated decomposition pathway and degraded soil food web conditions. The abundance of bacterivores and food web indices EI and SI were positively correlated with soil nutrients and pH, while the abundance of plant parasites and CI were negatively correlated with soil nutrients and pH. Paratylenchus was negatively correlated with pumpkin and melon yields and could be the potential plant parasites threatening pumpkin and melon productions. Redundancy analysis showed that monocultures of pumpkin and melon altered the soil nematode community via soil properties; total N, total P, alkeline-N, and pH were the main driving factors.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yabing Gu ◽  
Yongjun Liu ◽  
Jiaying Li ◽  
Mingfeng Cao ◽  
Zhenhua Wang ◽  
...  

Long-term conventional shallow tillage reduced soil quality and limited the agriculture development. Intermittent deep tillage could effectively promote agricultural production, through optimizing soil structure, underground ecology system, and soil fertility. However, the microecological mechanism of intermittent deep tillage promoting agriculture production has never been reported, and the effect of tillage depth on crop growth has not been explored in detail. In this study, three levels of intermittent deep tillage (30, 40, and 50 cm) treatments were conducted in an experimental field site with over 10 years of conventional shallow tillage (20 cm). Our results indicated that intermittent deep tillage practices helped to improve plant physiological growth status, chlorophyll a, and resistance to diseases, and the crop yield and value of output were increased with the deeper tillage practices. Crop yield (18.59%) and value of output (37.03%) were highest in IDT-50. There were three mechanisms of intermittent deep tillage practices that improved crop growth: (1) Intermittent deep tillage practices increased soil nutrients and root system architecture traits, which improved the fertility and nutrient uptake of crop through root system. (2) Changing rhizosphere environments, especially for root length, root tips, pH, and available potassium contributed to dissimilarity of bacterial communities and enriched plant growth-promoting species. (3) Functions associated with stress tolerance, including signal transduction and biosynthesis of other secondary metabolites were increased significantly in intermittent deep tillage treatments. Moreover, IDT-30 only increased soil characters and root system architecture traits compared with CK, but deeper tillage could also change rhizosphere bacterial communities and functional profiles. Plant height and stem girth in IDT-40 and IDT-50 were higher compared with IDT-30, and infection rates of black shank and black root rot in IDT-50 were even lower in IDT-40. The study provided a comprehensive explanation into the effects of intermittent deep tillage in plant production and suggested an optimal depth.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Peter Smolko ◽  
Peter Garaj ◽  
Tibor Lebocký ◽  
Ľubomír Bútora ◽  
Tibor Pataky ◽  
...  

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