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2022 ◽  
Vol 30 ◽  
pp. 100826
Patryk Lipiński ◽  
Agnieszka Różdżyńska-Świątkowska ◽  
Katarzyna Iwanicka-Pronicka ◽  
Barbara Perkowska ◽  
Paulina Pokora ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 271 ◽  
pp. 125-136
Erik H. Ander ◽  
Abul Kashem ◽  
Huaqing Zhao ◽  
Kelly Montgomery ◽  
Gengo Sunagawa ◽  

2022 ◽  
Jayanthi Shastri ◽  
Sachee Agrawal ◽  
Nirjhar Chatterjee ◽  
Harsha Gupta

Background: Accurate rapid antibody detection kits requiring minimum infrastructure are beneficial in detecting post-vaccination antibodies in large populations. ChAdOx1-nCOV (COVISHIELD) and BBV-152 (Covaxin) vaccines are primarily used in India. Methods: In this single-centre prospective study, performance of Meril ABFind was investigated by comparing with Abbott SARS-CoV-2 IgG II Quant (Abbott Quant), GenScript cPass SARS-CoV-2 neutralization antibody detection kit (GenScript cPass), and COVID Kawach MERILISA (MERILISA) in 62 vaccinated health care workers (HCW) and 40 pre-pandemic samples. Results: In the vaccinated subjects, Meril ABFind kit displayed high sensitivity of 93.3% (CI, 89.83%-96.77%), 94.92% (CI, 91.88%-97.96%), and 90.3% (CI, 86.20%-94.4%) in comparison to Abbott Quant, MERILISA, and GenScript cPass respectively. The results of the Meril ABFind in the COVISHIELD-vaccinated group were excellent with 100% sensitivity in comparison to the other three kits. In the Covaxin-vaccinated group, Meril ABFind displayed sensitivity ranging from 80% to 88.9%. In control samples, there were no false positives detected by Meril ABFind, while Abbott Quant, MERILISA, and GenScript cPass reported 2.5%, 10.0%, and 12.5% false positives, respectively. In the pre-pandemic controls, specificity of Meril ABFind was 100%, Abbott Quant 97.5%, MERILISA 90%, and GenScript cPass 87.5%. Conclusion: The Meril ABFind kit demonstrated satisfactory performance when compared with the three commercially available kits and was the only kit without false positives in the pre-pandemic samples. This makes it a viable option for rapid diagnosis of post vaccination antibodies.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Auriana Irannejad ◽  
Ganne Chaitanya ◽  
Emilia Toth ◽  
Diana Pizarro ◽  
Sandipan Pati

Accurate mapping of the seizure onset zone (SOZ) is critical to the success of epilepsy surgery outcomes. Epileptogenicity index (EI) is a statistical method that delineates hyperexcitable brain regions involved in the generation and early propagation of seizures. However, EI can overestimate the SOZ for particular electrographic seizure onset patterns. Therefore, using direct cortical stimulation (DCS) as a probing tool to identify seizure generators, we systematically evaluated the causality of the high EI nodes (>0.3) in replicating the patient's habitual seizures. Specifically, we assessed the diagnostic yield of high EI nodes, i.e., the proportion of high EI nodes that evoked habitual seizures. A retrospective single-center study that included post-stereo encephalography (SEEG) confirmed TLE patients (n = 37) that had all high EI nodes stimulated, intending to induce a seizure. We evaluated the nodal responses (true and false responder rate) to stimulation and correlated with electrographic seizure onset patterns (hypersynchronous-HYP and low amplitude fast activity patterns-LAFA) and clinically defined SOZ. The ictogenicity (i.e., the propensity to induce the patient's habitual seizure) of a high EI node was only 44.5%. The LAFA onset pattern had a significantly higher response rate to DCS (i.e., higher evoked seizures). The concordance of an evoked habitual seizure with a clinically defined SOZ with good outcomes was over 50% (p = 0.0025). These results support targeted mapping of SOZ in LAFA onset patterns by performing DCS in high EI nodes to distinguish seizure generators (true responders) from hyperexcitable nodes that may be involved in early propagation.

Salvatore Paiella ◽  
Matteo De Pastena ◽  
Alessandro Esposito ◽  
Erica Secchettin ◽  
Luca Casetti ◽  

Abstract Background To compare the postoperative course of elderly patients (≥70 years) submitted to minimally invasive (MIDP) versus open distal pancreatectomy (ODP) and to evaluate if the modified Frailty Index (mFI) predicts the surgical course of elderly patients submitted to DP. Methods Data of patients aged ≥70 who underwent DP at a single institution between March 2011 and December 2019 were retrospectively retrieved. A 2:1 propensity score matching (PSM) was used to correct for differences in baseline characteristics. Then, postoperative complications were compared between the two groups (MIDP vs. ODP). Additionally, the entire cohort of DP elderly patients was stratified according to the mFI into three groups: non-frail (mFI = 0), mildly frail (mFI = 1/2), or severely frail (mFI = 3) and then compared. Results A total of 204 patients were analyzed. After PSM, 40 MIDP and 80 ODP patients were identified. The complications considered stratified homogenously between the two groups, with no statistically significant differences. The severity of the postoperative course increased as mFI did among the three groups regarding any complication (p = 0.022), abdominal collection (p = 0.014), pulmonary complication (p = 0.001), postoperative confusion (p = 0.047), Clavien-Dindo severity ≥3 events (p = 0.036), and length of stay (p = 0.018). Conclusions Elderly patients can be safely submitted to MIDP. The mFI identifies frail elderly patients more prone to develop surgical and non-surgical complications after DP.

K. V. Kristiansen ◽  
H. Schmökel ◽  
S. Vermeire

Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to review and describe cases of thoracolumbar (TL) hydrated nucleus pulposus extrusion (HNPE) diagnosed with magnetic resonance imaging and surgery, and compare them to cases of cervical (C) HNPE. Study Design Retrospective, single-center study. Results Thirty-six dogs met the inclusion criteria. Fifteen cases were C and 21 TL. Thirteen dogs were chondrodystrophic breeds, mean body weight was 13 kg, median age was 7.5 years, and 30/36 were male. Fewer dogs were chondrodystrophic in the C group compared with the TL group (p = 0.022). More than 90% had an acute onset, and strong activity was more often reported in the TL group. TL HNPE was more often painful, and extruded disc material more often lateralized (p = 0.017). Median Modified Frankel Score at presentation was 3 and 72.2% were non-ambulatory. More TL HNPE (11/21) were treated surgically compared with C HNPE (4/15). Treatment choice was correlated with spinal cord compression (p = 0.0075). Median Modified Frankel Score improved during hospitalization (p = 0.002) and there was no difference in outcome between C and TL HNPE or conservative and surgical treatment. Mean follow-up time was 33 days. All patients were ambulatory at follow-up. Conclusion This study suggests that the HNPE is not limited to the C vertebral column of dogs and can occur in the TL vertebral column as well. Dogs with TL HNPE show spinal hyperesthesia more often and extruded nucleus material is more often lateralized. Outcome is similar to what has previously been described for C HNPE.

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