intracytoplasmic sperm injection
Recently Published Documents





Elham Asa ◽  
Rahil Janatifar ◽  
Seyedeh Saeideh Sahraei ◽  
Atefeh Verdi ◽  
Naser Kalhor

Background: Failed oocyte activation following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) as a result of calcium deficiency is a major challenge. Objective: We compared the effect of cult-active medium (CAM) on ICSI outcomes in obstructive azoospermia cases. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted with 152 ICSI cases, classified into CAM and control groups. The injected oocytes in the control group were cultured in the cleavage medium, while in the artificial oocyte activation group, oocytes were chemically activated through exposure to 200 µL of CAM for 15 min. Fertilization and cleavage rates, quality of embryos, and biochemical pregnancy and live birth rates were assessed in both groups. Results: There were significant differences between the groups in terms of fertilization and cleavage rates after using the CAM in the percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA) subgroup (p = 0.05, p ≤ 0.001) and in the testicular sperm extraction subgroup (p = 0.02, p = 0.04), compared to their control groups. Also, the pregnancy rate was significantly higher in the PESA-CAM subgroup (p = 0.03). The PESA-CAM subgroup demonstrated a significant difference in embryo quality after ICSI (p = 0.04). Unsuccessful embryo transfer and abortion were lower in both subgroups compared to the control groups, but this difference was not significant. Surprisingly, live birth rate was higher in the PESA-CAM subgroup (p = 0.03). Conclusion: CAM treatment could improve fertilization and cleavage rates in obstructive azoospermia participants. It had a significant effect on embryo quality, and pregnancy and live birth rates in PESA cases. Key words: Calcium ionophore, Obstructive azoospermia, Fertilization, ICSI.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Jiaxiong Wang ◽  
Ce Zhang ◽  
Hui Tang ◽  
Aiyan Zheng ◽  
Hong Li ◽  

Asthenospermia is one of the most important causes of male infertility. Among asthenospermia, multiple morphological abnormalities of sperm flagella (MMAF) are relatively rare idiopathic conditions characterized by multiple defects in sperm flagella. Although many studies focusing on the genetic factors of MMAF have been conducted, its pathogenesis and treatment effect remain largely unknown. Here, we report a male patient from a nonconsanguineous Chinese family who exhibited a typical MMAF phenotype revealed by morphological analysis. We identified splicing mutations in CFAP251 (c.1192-3C>G), and the mutation was proven to cause exon skipping. In addition, western blotting and immunofluorescence analysis of the spermatozoa from the proband and a control subject revealed a significantly lower expression of CFAP251 protein due to pathogenic mutation. Interestingly, the patient’s mother was a heterozygous carrier for the mutation, but his father was not, and finally, the inheritance pattern was proven to be maternal uniparental disomy. We applied an intracytoplasmic sperm injection and achieved a successful pregnancy. Above all, our findings expand the spectrum of CFAP251 pathogenic mutations and provide more indications for clinical genetic counseling and assisted reproductive treatment for such patients.

2022 ◽  
Vol 34 (2) ◽  
pp. 285
O. Briski ◽  
G. La Motta ◽  
L. Ratner ◽  
R. Fernández-Martin ◽  
D. Salamone

2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (B) ◽  
pp. 36-41
Shereen Abdulhussien Kzar ◽  
Zainab Khafajy ◽  
Shatha Sadiq Al-Marayaty

BACKGROUND: In intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) infertility treatment cycles, measuring serum Progesterone level at day 9 after oocyte retrieval could be used as a predictor of success. METHODS: Sixty-nine women were prospectively included in this study, treated with fresh embryo transfer ICSI cycles. Progesterone analyses were performed on the day of oocyte pick up (day 0) at serum and follicular fluid, then re-assessment at serum on day 9 after oocyte retrieval. The data were compared to evaluate the correlation among hormones measured on day 0 and day 9 with pregnancy rate. RESULTS: Pregnancy rate of Iraqi women was 22% (n = 15), mean serum progesterone on day 9 among pregnant ladies was (mean ± SD, 39.5 ± 13.0) which was significantly higher than that who failed to get pregnant (mean 23.2 ± 11, p = 0.001), then after adjustment of the baseline readings (day 0) estimated mean = 11.1. The differences were still significant, receiver operating characteristic curve area showed that serum Progesterone on day 9 after pick up can differentiate correctly between those who will conceive and those who will not, with a sensitivity = 0.933 and specificity = 0.519, at cut off point = 22.33 and above, (Area under the curve = 0.822, p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Serum progesterone on day 9 could be one of the predictors of endometrial receptivity and pregnancy, which is actually of great value for both doctors and patients during that stressful period till the date of confirmation, which might negatively affect treatment outcome, as well as the psychosocial and pharmacological impact of medication and limited activity for a failed one.

Lab on a Chip ◽  
2022 ◽  
Amir Mokhtare ◽  
Benyamin Davaji ◽  
Philip Xie ◽  
Mohammad Yaghoobi ◽  
Zev Rosenwaks ◽  

Cumulus removal (CR) is a central prerequisite step for many protocols involved in the assisted reproductive technology (ART) such as intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and preimplantation genetic testing (PGT). The...

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document