infertile patients
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2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
M. S. Oud ◽  
R. M. Smits ◽  
H. E. Smith ◽  
F. K. Mastrorosa ◽  
G. S. Holt ◽  

AbstractDe novo mutations are known to play a prominent role in sporadic disorders with reduced fitness. We hypothesize that de novo mutations play an important role in severe male infertility and explain a portion of the genetic causes of this understudied disorder. To test this hypothesis, we utilize trio-based exome sequencing in a cohort of 185 infertile males and their unaffected parents. Following a systematic analysis, 29 of 145 rare (MAF < 0.1%) protein-altering de novo mutations are classified as possibly causative of the male infertility phenotype. We observed a significant enrichment of loss-of-function de novo mutations in loss-of-function-intolerant genes (p-value = 1.00 × 10−5) in infertile men compared to controls. Additionally, we detected a significant increase in predicted pathogenic de novo missense mutations affecting missense-intolerant genes (p-value = 5.01 × 10−4) in contrast to predicted benign de novo mutations. One gene we identify, RBM5, is an essential regulator of male germ cell pre-mRNA splicing and has been previously implicated in male infertility in mice. In a follow-up study, 6 rare pathogenic missense mutations affecting this gene are observed in a cohort of 2,506 infertile patients, whilst we find no such mutations in a cohort of 5,784 fertile men (p-value = 0.03). Our results provide evidence for the role of de novo mutations in severe male infertility and point to new candidate genes affecting fertility.

2022 ◽  
Ling Long ◽  
Ling Zhou ◽  
Jing Zhu ◽  
Xuan He

Abstract Objective: Adenomyosis (AM) is an important cause of female infertility, and its disease mechanism remains unclear. This study preliminarily investigated the expression of endometrial receptivity markers homeobox A10 (HOXA10) and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) in infertile patients with AM and described the effects of low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on it. Methods: In vivo, tissues were obtained from the infertile female AM patient group (AG group, n=10) and healthy control group (CG group, n=11). The expression of HOXA10 and LIF in the two groups was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and western blotting. In vitro, primary cells were extracted and cultured from the two groups, and the expression of HOXA10 and LIF protein was detected by western blotting. Then the AG cells were treated with 15, 30, and 60 mW/cm2 of LIPUS for 7 days (20 min/day), and detected the cell adhesion rate. Finally, treat the AG cells with 30mW/cm2 LIPUS for 7 days (20 min/day), and detect the expression level of ICAM-1 in the cell supernatant by ELISA. The AG cells was treated with 30 mW/cm2 LIPUS for 4 days (20 min/day), and the expression levels of HOXA10 and LIF were detected by western blotting, RT-PCR, and agarose gel electrophoresis. Results: In vivo, IHC staining showed that HOXA10 and LIF proteins were mainly localized in endometrial epithelial cells. Both IHC and western blot showed that the levels of HOXA10 and LIF in the AG group were significantly lower than those in the CG group (P<0.01, P<0.05). In vitro, the expression levels of HOXA10 and LIF protein in the AG cell was significantly lower than those in the CG cell (P<0.001). Then, the cell adhesion ability of the 30 and 60 mW/cm2 groups was higher than that of the 15 mW/cm2 group after LIPUS treatment. Finally, The concentration of ICAM-1 in the supernatant of AG cells treated with LIPUS was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.01), and the AG cells were treated with 30 mW/cm2 LIPUS for 4 days (20 min/day), the protein and mRNA expression levels of HOXA10 and LIF were higher than those of the control group (P<0.001). Conclusion: The reduction of HOXA10 and LIF may be one of the reasons for the decreased endometrial receptivity in AM. The LIPUS promoted the adhesion and the expression of HOXA10 and LIF of EEECs from the AM group, thereby increasing endometrial receptivity.

Microbiome ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
Inmaculada Moreno ◽  
Iolanda Garcia-Grau ◽  
David Perez-Villaroya ◽  
Marta Gonzalez-Monfort ◽  
Mustafa Bahçeci ◽  

Abstract Background Previous evidence indicates associations between the female reproductive tract microbiome composition and reproductive outcome in infertile patients undergoing assisted reproduction. We aimed to determine whether the endometrial microbiota composition is associated with reproductive outcomes of live birth, biochemical pregnancy, clinical miscarriage or no pregnancy. Methods Here, we present a multicentre prospective observational study using 16S rRNA gene sequencing to analyse endometrial fluid and biopsy samples before embryo transfer in a cohort of 342 infertile patients asymptomatic for infection undergoing assisted reproductive treatments. Results A dysbiotic endometrial microbiota profile composed of Atopobium, Bifidobacterium, Chryseobacterium, Gardnerella, Haemophilus, Klebsiella, Neisseria, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus was associated with unsuccessful outcomes. In contrast, Lactobacillus was consistently enriched in patients with live birth outcomes. Conclusions Our findings indicate that endometrial microbiota composition before embryo transfer is a useful biomarker to predict reproductive outcome, offering an opportunity to further improve diagnosis and treatment strategies.

2021 ◽  
Eisa Tahmasbpour Marzouni ◽  
Andrew Henrik Sinclair ◽  
Catharyn Stern ◽  
Elena Jane Tucker

Abstract Having biological children remains an unattainable dream for most couples with reproductive failure or gonadal dysgenesis. The combination of stem cells with gene editing technology and organ-on-a-chip models provides unique opportunity for infertile patients with impaired gametogenesis caused by congenital disorders in sex development or cancer survivors. But, how will these technologies overcome human infertility? This review discusses the regenerative mechanisms, applications and advantages of different types of stem cells for restoring gametogenesis in infertile patients, as well as major challenges that must be overcome prior to clinical application. The importance and limitations of in vitro generation of gametes from patient-specific human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) will be discussed in the context of human reproduction. The potential role of organ-on-a-chip models that can direct differentiation of hiPSCs-derived primordial germ cell-like cells to gametes and other reproductive organoids is also explored. These rapidly evolving technologies provide future prospects for improving fertility to individuals and couples who experience reproductive failure.

2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (3) ◽  
pp. 47-51
E. M. Bakuridze ◽  
L. V. Dubnitskaya ◽  
T. A. Fedorova

The research aims at studying the effectiveness of plasmapheresis and ozonotherapy in treatment of women of reproductive age in early postoperative period after reconstructive-plastic operations. 110 patients with different factors of infertility who passed surgical laparoscopy were examined. All the patients were rehabilitated applying medicinal plasmapheresis (70 patients) and ozonotherapy (40 patients). The results of the study showed the advantages of these methods of treatment in comparison with traditional therapy (antibacterial and physiotherapy in comparative group, 72 patients). So, early rehabilitation of patients including medicinal plasmapheresis and ozonotherapy makes it possible to increase essentially the course of postoperative period, to stabilize adaptive reactions, to recover reproductive function in considerable amount of infertile women.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Yeon Hee Hong ◽  
Hyun Kyoung Lee ◽  
Seul Ki Kim ◽  
Jung Ryeol Lee ◽  
Chang Suk Suh

Endometrioma is known to reduce the ovarian reserve and the extent of the decrease is more severe when ovarian surgery is performed. Therefore, to prevent this decline in fertility, patients with endometrioma are considered candidates for preoperative fertility preservation (FP). In this study, we evaluate the efficacy of FP in women with endometrioma before planned ovarian surgery. A total of 95 cycles in 62 patients with endometrioma, undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) for FP using a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist protocol before an expected ovarian surgery, were enrolled retrospectively. COS outcomes were compared according to endometrioma laterality. Additionally, first COS cycle outcomes in patients with endometrioma were compared with those in infertile patients, or in patients with a benign ovarian cyst using propensity score matching. When multiple COS cycles were performed, the results of cumulative cycles were analyzed. Embryo quality was worse in the bilateral endometrioma group. Compared with the infertile patient group, the patients with endometrioma had significantly lower Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) and fewer numbers of oocytes retrieved (median, 3.3 vs. 1.2, p&lt;0.001; 7.0 vs. 4.0, p=0.009, respectively). Compared with mature oocytes in infertile patients or patients with a benign cyst, mature oocytes were fewer in patients with endometrioma, but this was not statistically significant (median, 4.0 vs. 3.0, p=0.085; 5.5 vs. 3.0, p=0.052, respectively). The median value of the cumulative number of cryopreserved oocytes or embryos was 14.5 up to the fourth cycle compared to 3 up to the first cycle, with cumulative effect. Women with endometrioma should be counseled for FP before planned ovarian cystectomy. The number of cryopreserved oocytes or embryos can be increased by repeated cycles.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Meng Dong ◽  
Shanshan Wu ◽  
Yanqiang Tao ◽  
Feifei Zhou ◽  
Jichun Tan

Background: With the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic at the beginning of 2020, all non-essential medical treatments were suspended, including fertility treatments. As a unique group in society, patients with infertility may be more sensitive and vulnerable in the face of pressure and crisis. However, to the best of our knowledge, there have been no reports on the influence of postponed fertility treatment on the sexual health of infertile patients owing to COVID-19. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate whether postponed fertility treatment resulting from COVID-19 affects the sexual health of patients with infertility.Methods: A total of 1,442 participants were included for analysis in this large-scale study. Those with postponed fertility treatment were categorised as group A (n = 474), whereas those whose fertility treatment was not delayed were in group B (n = 968). The sexual health and psychological well-being were compared between the two groups.Results: The total Female Sexual Function Index score and five domains of female sexual function (arousal ability, vaginal lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and coital pain) were significantly lower in group A than those in group B (p &lt; 0.05). The International Index of Erectile Dysfunction score and Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool score were significantly higher in group A than those in group B (p &lt; 0.05).Conclusions: Delaying fertility treatment obviously affects patients' sexual and mental health. Through a structural equation model, we observed that postponed fertility treatment mediates sexual health by regulating psychological distress and couple relationship quality.

2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (4) ◽  
pp. 4133-4138
Lyudmila Angelova ◽  
Maria Tsvetkova ◽  
Mariya Levkova ◽  

Chromosomal polymorphism is described as normal variants at chromosomal regions with no impact on the phenotype but a possible correlation to infertility and recurrent spontaneous abortions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the chromosomal polymorphisms involved in families with reproductive failures in the Bulgarian population. Material and methods: A total of 1733 patients with unexplained reproductive failures who visited the Laboratory of Medical Genetics – Varna, Bulgaria, (2004 - 2019) were investigated by conventional cytogenetic analysis GTG and CBG differential banding techniques and analyzed at the resolution 400-550 GTG bands. Results: Chromosomal polymorphisms were found in 173 infertile patients (9,98%). The sex distribution was 6,52% males and 3,46% females. The most frequent finding was inv(9)(qh) (23,7%). The other chromosomal variants, which were found, consisted: 9qh+/- variants (15,1%); polymorphisms on the short arms of the acrocentric chromosomes (21,4%); 16qh+ (12,7%) and 1qh+ (6,9%). Y chromosome polymorphism was found in 27,4% of the males with polymorphisms. Two rare cases of polymorphism involving the centromere regions - 19qcenh+ and 20pcenh+ were also found. Conclusion: There is growing evidence that polymorphisms may have a clinical impact on fertility and could take part in the etiology of RF. In this study, we found a significantly high percentage of polymorphisms (9,98%) among the tested patients, and they were more common among males. The statistical significance of increased incidence of chromosome variations found in our study emphasizes the need for routine evaluation of their role in families with RF in our country.

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