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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Ju-Yi Hsu ◽  
Chee-Jen Chang ◽  
Jur-Shan Cheng

AbstractIndividuals diagnosed with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (mTNBC) suffer worse survival rates than their metastatic non-TNBC counterparts. There is little information on survival, treatment patterns, and medical costs of mTNBC patients in Asia. Therefore, this study aimed to examine 5-year survival, regimens of first-line systemic therapy, and healthcare costs of mTNBC patients in Taiwan. Adult females newly diagnosed with TNBC and non-TNBC as well as their survival data, treatment regimens and costs of health services were identified and retrieved from the Cancer Registry database, Death Registry database, and National Health Insurance (NHI) claims database. A total of 9691 (19.27%) women were identified as TNBC among overall BC. The 5-year overall survival rate of TNBC and non-TNBC was 81.28% and 86.50%, respectively, and that of mTNBC and metastatic non-TNBC was 10.81% and 33.46%, respectively. The majority of mTNBC patients received combination therapy as their first-line treatment (78.14%). The 5-year total cost in patients with metastatic non-TNBC and with mTNBC was NTD1,808,693 and NTD803,445, respectively. Higher CCI scores were associated with an increased risk of death and lower probability of receiving combination chemotherapy. Older age was associated with lower 5-year medical costs. In sum, mTNBC patients suffered from poorer survival and incurred lower medical costs than their metastatic non-TNBC counterparts. Future research will be needed when there are more treatment options available for mTNBC patients.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0261939
T. Susanna Meijer ◽  
Jan H. N. Dieters ◽  
Eleonora M. de Leede ◽  
Lioe-Fee de Geus-Oei ◽  
Jaap Vuijk ◽  

Purpose Percutaneous hepatic perfusion with melphalan (M-PHP) is increasingly used in patients with liver metastases from various primary tumors, yet data on colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) are limited. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of M-PHP in patients with CRLM. Materials and methods Prospective, single-center, single-arm phase II study of M-PHP with hemofiltration in patients with unresectable CRLM. Proven, extrahepatic metastatic disease was one of the exclusion criteria. Primary outcomes were overall response rate (ORR) and best overall response (BOR). Secondary outcomes were overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), hepatic PFS (hPFS), and safety. Results A total of 14 M-PHP procedures were performed in eight patients between March 2014 and December 2015. All patients (median age 56 years, ranging from 46 to 68) had received (extensive) systemic chemotherapy before entering the study. The ORR was 25.0%, with two out of eight patients showing partial response as BOR. Median OS was 17.3 months (ranging from 2.6 to 30.9) with a one-year OS of 50.0%. Median PFS and hPFS were 4.4 and 4.5 months, respectively. No serious adverse events occurred. Grade 3/4 hematologic adverse events were observed in the majority of patients, though all were transient and well-manageable. Conclusion M-PHP is a safe procedure with only limited efficacy in patients with unresectable CRLM who already showed progression of disease after receiving one or more systemic treatment regimens.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Yu-Ling Bin ◽  
Hong-Sai Hu ◽  
Feng Tian ◽  
Zhen-Hua Wen ◽  
Mei-Feng Yang ◽  

Worldwide, gastric cancer (GC) represents the fifth most common cancer for incidence and the third leading cause of death in developed countries. Despite the development of combination chemotherapies, the survival rates of GC patients remain unsatisfactory. The reprogramming of energy metabolism is a hallmark of cancer, especially increased dependence on aerobic glycolysis. In the present review, we summarized current evidence on how metabolic reprogramming in GC targets the tumor microenvironment, modulates metabolic networks and overcomes drug resistance. Preclinical and clinical studies on the combination of metabolic reprogramming targeted agents and conventional chemotherapeutics or molecularly targeted treatments [including vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) and HER2] and the value of biomarkers are examined. This deeper understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying successful pharmacological combinations is crucial in finding the best-personalized treatment regimens for cancer patients.

2022 ◽  
Irina A. Rakityanskaya ◽  
Tatiana S. Ryabova

Infection of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is about 90% among people over the age of 40. The EBV causes a chronic infection that is characterized by chronic or recurrent symptoms and persists for a long time. Recombinant interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) has high clinical and antiviral efficacy in the treatment of herpesvirus infections. 110 patients with chronic EBV infection were examined. The patients were divided into three groups for different treatment regimens: Group 1—IFN-γ therapy (15 injections of Ingaron i/m, 500,000 IU every other day); Group 2—valaciclovir (Valtrex 500 mg × 2 times/day, orally for 2 months); Group 3—valganciclovir (Valcyte 450 mg × 2 times/day, orally for 2 months) and IFN-γ (10–20 injections of Ingaron i/m, 500,000 IU every other day). The best results were obtained in group 3–73.07% negative PCR. In this group, the combination of valganciclovir + IFN-γ was different. We showed that the efficacy of therapy in patients with chronic EBV is determined by the duration of INF-γ administration. We also determined spontaneous and induced production of IFN-α and -γ cytokines in serum and in lymphocyte culture. We demonstrated that in patients with an initially low level of induced IFN-γ, the production of this cytokine significantly increased in three months after the end of therapy.

2022 ◽  
Tianwei Wang ◽  
Zhijun Liao ◽  
Ruizhi Wang ◽  
Ming Ye ◽  
Keman Liao ◽  

Abstract Purpose IDH1-wt glioblastoma patients with TERTp-mut had the worst prognosis, and no effective management strategy was established after tumor recurrence. The median overall survival (OS) of recurrent GBM patients who only received supportive therapy was approximately 1.0 month. We reported survival outcomes of recurrent glioblastoma (rGBM) treated with anlotinib combined with temozolomide therapy (ACTT), and to explore the management strategy of rGBM. Methods The clinical data of 14 rGBM patients treated with ACTT was collected. Therapeutic efficacy and adverse effects were evaluated in every 2 months of treatment. We also included 16 patients treated with bevacizumab (Bev), 22 with TMZ, 28 with re-operation, 21 with re-irradiation, and 75 with supportive care to make comparison. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to compare the survival of ACTT group versus other treatment groups. Results Fourteen rGBM patients treated with ACTT were enrolled. After 2-month of ACTT, the overall response and disease control rate were 50.0% and 92.9%, respectively. The 6-months PFS rate was 78.6%, and the 1-year survival rate was 50.0%. The median PFS and OS in ACTT group were 11.0 and 13.0 months, respectively. The median PFS and OS in Bev-group was 4.0 and 8.0 months. The patients treated with ACTT had better PFS than that in Bev-group. And compared to all the others treatment groups, ACTT could prolong survival. Conclusion The treatment regimen of ACTT maybe reliable, safe, and effective for rGBM. The patients can gain survival benefits from ACTT, and prolonged survival were observed compared with other treatment regimens.

Biomedicines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 146
Sarah Owen ◽  
Emily Prantzalos ◽  
Valerie Gunchick ◽  
Vaibhav Sahai ◽  
Sunitha Nagrath

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is typically diagnosed at late stages and has one of the lowest five-year survival rates of all malignancies. In this pilot study, we identify signatures related to survival and treatment response found in circulating tumor cells (CTCs). Patients with poor survival had increased mutant KRAS expression and deregulation of connected pathways such as PI3K-AKT and MAPK signaling. Further, in a subset of these patients, expression patterns of gemcitabine resistance mechanisms were observed, even prior to initiating treatment. This work highlights the need for identifying patients with these resistance profiles and designing treatment regimens to circumvent these mechanisms.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Peng Qin ◽  
Zi Ye ◽  
Guannan Su ◽  
Aize Kijlstra ◽  
Peizeng Yang

Purpose: To determine optical coherence tomographic (OCT) features of macular edema (ME) and identify potential prognostic values for ME and visual outcomes in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKH).Methods: In the retrospective case series, a total of 1,377 VKH patients who were seen in a tertiary uveitis center between September 2011 and January 2018 were reviewed on their demographics, visual acuity, ocular and extraocular manifestations, modes of treatment, and OCT examinations. Of these patients, 79 (5.7%) having ME were included for analysis of OCT features. Four patients were missed without ME resolution, and the remaining 75 patients who either had ME resolved or were followed up for 2 years were included for analysis of disease outcomes.Results: Of the 115 affected eyes in these 79 patients, 100 (87.0%) had cystoid ME (CME), accounting for the most common OCT feature of VKH-related ME. Disruption of the inner-segment/outer-segment junction (IS/OS) band seen in 33 (28.7%) affected eyes of 24 (30.4%) patients was found as a risk factor for the development of persistent ME [10 of 62 (16.1%) vs. 13 of 13 (100%); P < 0.001] and a poor visual outcome (1.16 ± 0.42 vs. 1.17 ± 0.46 in logMAR unit; P = 0.89). CME patients with a concurrent choroidal neovascular membrane often had a disrupted IS/OS band, thus becoming refractory cases. A 6-month well-controlled intraocular inflammation following standard treatment regimens was found to associate with complete resolution of the refractory edema [4 of 5 (80%) vs. 2 of 13 (15%); P = 0.02].Conclusions: Intraretinal cystoid changes are most commonly seen in the edematous macula of VKH patients. Disruption of the IS/OS band is a useful risk sign for poor ME and visual outcomes in VKH-related ME, and a long-term well-controlled intraocular inflammation may be critical for the resolution of refractory cases.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Yu Wang ◽  
Lin Yang ◽  
Jianyang Wang ◽  
Lin Gui ◽  
Wei Li ◽  

Sarcomatoid carcinoma (SC) is a rare lung cancer subtype with poor prognosis and lack of effective treatment regimens. Studies concerning SC indicated common programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) overexpression and higher tumor mutational burden, leading to potential benefits from immunotherapy. The present case is the first report employing PD-L1 inhibitor durvalumab following definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (cCRT) in a patient with mediastinal lymph node metastatic SC, which was considered as a high probability of pulmonary origin but unclear primary lesion. After the 19-month follow-up, there was neither local recurrence nor distant metastasis. The patient was in a good condition, with the thoracic lesion controlled at Partial response-Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (PR-RECIST). Except for grade 2 esophagitis, none of the other adverse events was observed. Our first attempt to adopt the consolidation immunotherapy after cCRT in unresectable locally advanced mediastinal SC exhibited improved local control, manageable safety, and potential survival benefits, representing a novel and promising therapeutic option for SC and encouraging further research exploration of this regimen in the future.

2022 ◽  
Dimos Katsaros ◽  
James Hawthorne ◽  
Jay Patel ◽  
Kaitlin Pothier ◽  
Timothy Aungst ◽  

UNSTRUCTURED Increased cancer prevalence and survival rates coupled with earlier patient discharges from hospitals has created a larger need for social support. Cancer care is both short-term and long-term, requiring acute treatments, treatments for remission, and long-term screenings and treatment regimens. Healthcare systems are already overwhelmed and often struggle to provide social support systems for everyone. Caregivers are limited in number, and even when they are available, they often lack necessary information, skills, or resources to meet the needs of patients with cancer. The act of caregiving presents various challenges, and caregivers themselves often need social support as well. Despite these needs, most social support programs are targeted toward patients alone. Given the prevalence of cancer and known needs of these patients and their caregivers, the ability to identify those who need social support is crucial. Further, the scalability and overall availability of social support programs is vital for successful patient care. This paper establishes the benefits of social support for both patients and caregivers coping with cancer treatments, explores innovative ways of identifying patients who may need social support using digital tools, and reviews potential advantages of digital social support programs.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Hossein Mazaherpour ◽  
Masoomeh Sofian ◽  
Elham Farahani ◽  
Alireza Abdi ◽  
Sakine Mazaherpour ◽  

Several therapeutic regimens for COVID-19 have been studied, such as combination antiviral therapies. We aimed to compare outcome of two types of combination therapies atazanavir/ritonavir (ATV/r) or lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) plus hydroxychloroquine among COVID-19 patients. 108 patients with moderate and severe forms of COVID-19 were divided into two groups (each group 54 patients). One group received ATV/r plus hydroxychloroquine, and the other group received hydroxychloroquine plus LPV/r. Then, both groups were evaluated and compared for clinical symptoms, recovery rates, and complications of treatment regimens. Our findings showed a significant increase in bilirubin in ATV/r-receiving group compared to LPV/r receivers. There was also a significant increase in arrhythmias in the LPV/r group compared to the ATV/r group during treatment. Other findings including length of hospital stay, outcome, and treatment complications were not statistically significant. There is no significant difference between protease inhibitor drugs including ATV/r and LPV/r in the treatment of COVID-19 regarding clinical outcomes. However, some side effects such as hyperbilirubinemia and arrhythmia were significantly different by application of atazanavir or lopinavir.

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