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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Ju-Yi Hsu ◽  
Chee-Jen Chang ◽  
Jur-Shan Cheng

AbstractIndividuals diagnosed with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (mTNBC) suffer worse survival rates than their metastatic non-TNBC counterparts. There is little information on survival, treatment patterns, and medical costs of mTNBC patients in Asia. Therefore, this study aimed to examine 5-year survival, regimens of first-line systemic therapy, and healthcare costs of mTNBC patients in Taiwan. Adult females newly diagnosed with TNBC and non-TNBC as well as their survival data, treatment regimens and costs of health services were identified and retrieved from the Cancer Registry database, Death Registry database, and National Health Insurance (NHI) claims database. A total of 9691 (19.27%) women were identified as TNBC among overall BC. The 5-year overall survival rate of TNBC and non-TNBC was 81.28% and 86.50%, respectively, and that of mTNBC and metastatic non-TNBC was 10.81% and 33.46%, respectively. The majority of mTNBC patients received combination therapy as their first-line treatment (78.14%). The 5-year total cost in patients with metastatic non-TNBC and with mTNBC was NTD1,808,693 and NTD803,445, respectively. Higher CCI scores were associated with an increased risk of death and lower probability of receiving combination chemotherapy. Older age was associated with lower 5-year medical costs. In sum, mTNBC patients suffered from poorer survival and incurred lower medical costs than their metastatic non-TNBC counterparts. Future research will be needed when there are more treatment options available for mTNBC patients.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 ◽  
pp. 159
Neill KJ Adhikari ◽  
Abi Beane ◽  
Dedeepiya Devaprasad ◽  
Robert Fowler ◽  

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been responsible for over 3.4 million deaths globally and over 25 million cases in India. As part of the response, India imposed a nation-wide lockdown and prioritized COVID-19 care in hospitals and intensive care units (ICUs). Leveraging data from the Indian Registry of IntenSive care, we sought to understand the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on critical care service utilization, case-mix, and clinical outcomes in non-COVID ICUs.  Methods: We included all consecutive patients admitted between 1 st October 2019 and 27 th September 2020. Data were extracted from the registry database and included patients admitted to the non-COVID or general ICUs at each of the sites. Outcomes included measures of resource-availability, utilisation, case-mix, acuity, and demand for ICU beds. We used a Mann-Whitney test to compare the pre-pandemic period (October 2019 - February 2020) to the pandemic period (March-September 2020). In addition, we also compared the period of intense lockdown (March-May 31 st 2020) with the pre-pandemic period. Results: There were 3424 patient encounters in the pre-pandemic period and 3524 encounters in the pandemic period. Comparing these periods, weekly admissions declined (median [Q1 Q3] 160 [145,168] to 113 [98.5,134]; p<0.001); unit turnover declined (median [Q1 Q3] 12.1 [11.32,13] to 8.58 [7.24,10], p<0.001), and APACHE II score increased (median [Q1 Q3] 19 [19,20] to 21 [20,22] ; p<0.001). Unadjusted ICU mortality increased (9.3% to 11.7%, p=0.015) and the length of ICU stay was similar (median [Q1 Q3] 2.11 [2, 2] vs. 2.24 [2, 3] days; p=0.151). Conclusion: Our registry-based analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on non-COVID critical care demonstrates significant disruptions to healthcare utilization during the pandemic and an increase in the severity of illness.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Mei-Yao Wu ◽  
Ming-Shien Wen ◽  
Mien-Cheng Chen ◽  
Chia-Ti Tsai ◽  
Tsu-Juey Wu ◽  

AbstractOut-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains a major threat to public health worldwide. OHCA patients presenting initial shockable ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) rhythm have a better survival rate. We sought to develop a simple SACAF score to discriminate VT/VF from non-VT/VF OHCAs based on the Taiwan multicenter hospital-based registry database. We analyzed the in- and pre-hospital data, including demographics, baseline comorbidities, response times, automated external defibrillator information, and the 12-lead ECG recording closest to the OHCA event in bystander-witnessed OHCA patients. Among the 461 study patients, male sex (OR 2.54, 95% CI = 1.32–4.88, P = 0.005), age ≤ 65 years (OR 2.78, 95% CI = 1.64–4.70, P < 0.001), cardiovascular diseases (OR 2.97, 95% CI = 1.73–5.11, P < 0.001), and atrial fibrillation (AF) (OR 2.36, 95% CI = 1.17–4.76, P = 0.017) were independent risk factors for VT/VF OHCA (n = 81) compared with non-VT/VF OHCA (n = 380). A composite SACAF score was developed (male Sex, Age ≤ 65 years, Cardiovascular diseases, and AF) and compared with the performance of a modified CHA2DS2-VASc score (Cardiovascular diseases, Hypertension, Age ≥ 75 years, Diabetes, previous Stroke, Vascular disease, Age 65–74 years, female Sex category). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of the SACAF was 0.739 (95% CI = 0.681–0.797, P < 0.001), whereas the AUC of the modified CHA2DS2-VASc was 0.474 (95% CI = 0.408–0.541, P = 0.464). A SACAF score of ≥ 2 was useful in discriminating VT/VF from non-VT/VF OHCAs with a sensitivity of 0.75 and a specificity of 0.60. In conclusion, the simple SACAF score appears to be useful in discriminating VT/VF from non-VT/VF bystander-witnessed OHCAs and the findings may also shed light on future mechanistic evaluation.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (10) ◽  
pp. 124
Kenya Kusunose ◽  
Yuichiro Okushi ◽  
Yoshihiro Okayama ◽  
Robert Zheng ◽  
Michikazu Nakai ◽  

Background: Echocardiography requires a high degree of skill on the part of the examiner, and the skill may be more improved in larger volume centers. This study investigated trends and outcomes associated with the use and volume of echocardiographic exams from a real-world registry database of heart failure (HF) hospitalizations. Methods: This study was based on the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database in the Japanese Registry of All Cardiac and Vascular Datasets (JROAD-DPC). A first analysis was performed to assess the trend of echocardiographic examinations between 2012 and 2016. A secondary analysis was performed to assess whether echocardiographic use was associated with in-hospital mortality in 2015. Results: During this period, the use of echocardiography grew at an average annual rate of 6%. Patients with echocardiography had declining rates of hospital mortality, and these trends were associated with high hospitalization costs. In the 2015 sample, a total of 52,832 echocardiograms were examined, corresponding to 65.6% of all HF hospital admissions for that year. We found that the use and volume of echocardiography exams were associated with significantly lower odds of all-cause hospital mortality in heart failure (adjusted odds ratio (OR): 0.48 for use of echocardiography and 0.78 for the third tertile; both p < 0.001). Conclusions: The use of echocardiography was associated with decreased odds of hospital mortality in HF. The volumes of echocardiographic examinations were also associated with hospital mortality.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (3) ◽  
pp. 95-99
Alireza Salahshouri ◽  
Javad Ramezanpour ◽  
Hamid Gheibipour

Background and aims: Brucellosis is one of the most common infectious diseases in both humans and animals. It has been controlled in developed countries; however, it is still regarded as a public health problem in developing countries including Iran. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of human brucellosis in Isfahan province. Methods: The present study is a cross-sectional descriptive study investigating the epidemiology of human brucellosis in Isfahan province from 2010 to 2015. Sampling was done using Isfahan’s disease registry database. Chi-square and t test were used for analyzing the data, and all data analyses were performed using SPSS software version 21.0. Results: A total of 3,245 patients were included in this study, and their mean (SD) age was 35.29 (18.00) years. The age group of 15-25 years with a frequency of 23.80% had the highest frequency of the disease. The annual incidence of the disease from 2010 to 2014 shows an increasing trend, reaching from 6.25 to 15 per 100000 people. It was reduced in 2015 and reached 12.25 per 100000. In addition, the highest incidence was observed in July. Conclusion: This study implies that the trend of human brucellosis has been increasing over the years, so it is recommended that people be educated on how to prevent it in humans and animals. The results of this study can help health administrators in the province to more effectively control the disease at the provincial level by identifying high-risk cities and focusing on health care in these areas.

Chi-Chang Chang ◽  
Chun-Chia Chen ◽  
Chalong Cheewakriangkrai ◽  
Ying Chen Chen ◽  
Shun-Fa Yang

Due to the high effectiveness of cancer screening and therapies, the diagnosis of second primary cancers (SPCs) has increased in women with endometrial cancer (EC). However, previous studies providing adequate evidence to support screening for SPCs in endometrial cancer are lacking. This study aimed to develop effective risk prediction models of second primary endometrial cancer (SPEC) in women with obesity (body mass index (BMI) > 25) and included datasets on the incidence of SPEC and the other risks of SPEC in 4480 primary cancer survivors from a hospital-based cancer registry database. We found that obesity plays a key role in SPEC. We used 10 independent variables as predicting variables, which correlated to obesity, and so should be monitored for the early detection of SPEC in endometrial cancer. Our proposed scheme is promising for SPEC prediction and demonstrates the important influence of obesity and clinical data representation in all cases following primary treatments. Our results suggest that obesity is still a crucial risk factor for SPEC in endometrial cancer.

2021 ◽  
Masahiro Hosogai ◽  
Fusao Ikawa ◽  
Toshikazu Hidaka ◽  
Shingo Matsuda ◽  
Iori Ozono ◽  

Abstract Changes in outcome after discharge of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) have not been examined in detail in recent aging society. This study aimed to clarify the prevalence and factors of changes in outcome in these patients based on a registry database in Japan. Overall, 1,111 radically treated patients with aSAH in the acute stage were selected between January 2010 and December 2012 for inclusion in the modified World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (mWFNS) scale study. The modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at discharge and 3 months after onset, prevalence of improvement and decline between these two periods, and their factors were evaluated by age groups through multivariate logistic regression analysis. The rates of improvement and decline were 28.4% and 2.4%, respectively. Factors that improved the mRS score were WFNS and mWFNS scale grade Ⅳ versus (vs.) Ⅰ (odds ratio: 0.47, 95% confidence interval: 0.31–0.71), grade Ⅴ vs. Ⅰ (0.49, 0.31–0.76), and cerebral vasospasm category 4 vs. 1 (0.43, 0.25–0.77). Factors that decreased the mRS score were pre-elderly (65–74 years) vs. non-elderly (<65 years) (5.65, 1.09–29.20), elderly (≥75 years) vs. non-elderly (19.20, 2.36–156.50), WFNS scale grade III vs. I, and aneurysmal location. Mild neurological grade on admission and no cerebral infarction due to cerebral vasospasm were the factors improving outcomes, and aging was a factor declining outcomes between discharge and at 3 months after onset. Careful assessment timing of outcome in elderly patients is needed in the future aging society.

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