newly diagnosed glioblastoma
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2022 ◽  
Mattia Russel Pantalone ◽  
Afsar Rahbar ◽  
Cecilia Söderberg-Naucler ◽  
Giuseppe Stragliotto

Abstract IntroductionGlioblastoma invariably recurs despite aggressive and multimodal first line treatment and no standardized second line therapy exists. We previously reported that treatment with the antiviral drug valganciclovir as an add-on to standard therapy significantly prolonged overall survival in 102 patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. Here we present the results of retrospective survival analyses including patients with glioblastoma that initiated valganciclovir therapy after recurrence. MethodsBetween April 13, 2007 and March 31, 2021, 29 patients with recurrent glioblastoma received valganciclovir as an add-on to second line therapy. Contemporary controls were 111 patients with glioblastoma who received similar second line therapy at our institution. We retrospectively analyzed survival data of these patients. ResultsPatients with recurrent glioblastoma who received valganciclovir had longer median overall survival after recurrence than controls (12.1 vs 7.4 months, respectively, p=0.0017). The drug was well tolerated. Both patients who underwent re-operation and patients that were not re-operated after recurrence benefitted significantly from valganciclovir therapy. Valganciclovir prolonged survival after recurrence both in patients with an unmethylated or methylated MGMT promoter gene. ConclusionValganciclovir was safe to use and prolonged median survival after recurrence of patients with recurrent glioblastoma, re-operated or not after recurrence and with methylated or unmethylated MGMT promoter gene.

Haley K. Perlow ◽  
Alexander Yaney ◽  
Michael Yang ◽  
Brett Klamer ◽  
Jennifer Matsui ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
Carine Jiguet-Jiglaire ◽  
Sebastien Boissonneau ◽  
Emilie Denicolai ◽  
Victoria Hein ◽  
Romain Lasseur ◽  

AbstractWe previously identified matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and MMP9 plasma levels as candidate biomarkers of bevacizumab activity in patients with recurrent glioblastoma. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of MMP2 and MMP9 in a randomized phase III trial in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma and to explore their tumor source. In this post hoc analysis of the AVAglio trial (AVAGlio/NCT00943826), plasma samples from 577 patients (bevacizumab, n = 283; placebo, n = 294) were analyzed for plasma MMP9 and MMP2 levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A prospective local cohort of 38 patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma was developed for analysis of tumor characteristics by magnetic resonance imaging and measurement of plasma and tumor levels of MMP9 and MMP2. In this AVAglio study, MMP9, but not MMP2, was correlated with bevacizumab efficacy. Patients with low MMP9 derived a significant 5.2-month overall survival (OS) benefit with bevacizumab (HR 0.51, 95% CI 0.34–0.76, p = 0.0009; median 13.6 vs. 18.8 months). In multivariate analysis, a significant interaction was seen between treatment and MMP9 (p = 0.03) for OS. In the local cohort, we showed that preoperative MMP9 plasma levels decreased after tumor resection and were correlated with tumor levels of MMP9 mRNA (p = 0.03). However, plasma MMP9 was not correlated with tumor size, invasive pattern, or angiogenesis. Using immunohistochemistry, we showed that MMP9 was expressed by inflammatory cells but not by tumor cells. After cell sorting, we showed that MMP9 was expressed by CD45+ immune cells. Finally, using flow cytometry, we showed that MMP9 was expressed by tumor-infiltrating neutrophils. In conclusion, circulating MMP9 is predictive of bevacizumab efficacy and is released by tumor-infiltrating neutrophils.

2021 ◽  
Tejpal Gupta ◽  
Riddhijyoti Talukdar ◽  
Sadhana Kannan ◽  
Archya Dasgupta ◽  

Review question / Objective: To assess the safety and efficacy of extended adjuvant temozolomide compared to standard adjuvant temozolomide after concurrent radiochemotherapy in patients with newly-diagnosed glioblastoma. Condition being studied: Newly-diagnosed glioblastoma. Eligibility criteria: Prospective clinical trials randomly assigning patients to extended (>6-cycles) adjuvant TMZ (experimental arm) or standard (6-cycles) adjuvant TMZ will be included. Randomization in an individual study may have been done upfront before concurrent phase (RT/TMZ), after completion of concurrent RT/TMZ and before starting adjuvant phase, or after completion of standard adjuvant TMZ (6-cycles). Emulated RCTs, quasi-randomized trials, propensity matched analyses, non-randomized comparative studies, or observational studies will not be considered in this review.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Kuo-Chen Wei ◽  
Peng-Wei Hsu ◽  
Hong-Chieh Tsai ◽  
Ya-Jui Lin ◽  
Ko-Ting Chen ◽  

AbstractAsunercept (company code APG101 [Apogenix AG]; company code CAN008 [CANbridge Pharmaceuticals]) is a novel glycosylated fusion protein that has shown promising effectiveness in glioblastoma. This Phase I study was initiated to evaluate the tolerability and safety of asunercept in combination with standard radiotherapy and temozolomide (RT/TMZ) in Asian patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. This was the Phase I portion of a Phase I/II open label, multicenter trial of asunercept plus standard RT/TMZ. Adults with newly-diagnosed glioblastoma received surgical resection followed by standard RT/TMZ plus asunercept 200 mg/week (Cohort 1) or 400 mg/week (Cohort 2) by 30-min IV infusion. The primary endpoint was the safety and tolerability of asunercept during concurrent asunercept and RT/TMZ; dose-limiting toxicities were observed for each dose. Secondary endpoints included pharmacokinetics (PK) and 6-month progression-free survival (PFS6). All patients (Cohort 1, n = 3; Cohort 2, n = 7) completed ≥ 7 weeks of asunercept treatment. No DLTs were experienced. Only one possibly treatment-related treatment emergent adverse event (TEAE), Grade 1 gingival swelling, was observed. No Grade > 3 TEAEs were reported and no TEAE led to treatment discontinuation. Systemic asunercept exposure increased proportionally with dose and showed low inter-patient variability. The PFS6 rate was 33.3% and 57.1% for patients in Cohort 1 and 2, respectively. Patients in Cohort 2 maintained a PFS rate of 57.1% at Month 12. Adding asunercept to standard RT/TMZ was safe and well tolerated in patients with newly-diagnosed glioblastoma and 400 mg/week resulted in encouraging efficacy.Trial registration NCT02853565, August 3, 2016.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Fahimeh Attarian ◽  
Farzad Taghizadeh-Hesary ◽  
Azar Fanipakdel ◽  
Seyed Alireza Javadinia ◽  
Pejman Porouhan ◽  

BackgroundIn newly diagnosed glioblastoma, radiation with concurrent and adjuvant (six cycles) temozolomide (TMZ) is the established standard of postsurgical care. However, the benefit of extending adjuvant TMZ therapy beyond six cycles has remained unknown.MethodsWe searched PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase up to October 1, 2021. The search keywords were “glioblastoma,” “adjuvant chemotherapy,” and their synonyms. The data of randomized clinical trials were extracted and included in this meta-analysis if they had reported patients’ median overall survival (OS) or median progression-free survival (PFS). The standard and extended chemotherapy regimens were considered as adjuvant TMZ up to six cycles and beyond six cycles (up to a total of 12 cycles), respectively. The median OS and median PFS were pooled and compared.ResultsFour studies consisting of 882 patients (461 patients for the standard chemotherapy group and 421 patients for the extended chemotherapy group) were included in this meta-analysis. The extended TMZ regimen was associated with a nonsignificant improvement in PFS [12.0 months (95% CI 9.0 to 15.0) vs. 10.0 months (95% CI 7.0 to 12.0), P = 0.27] without corresponding improvement in OS [23.0 months (95% CI 19.0 to 27.0) and 24.0 months (95% CI 20.0 to 28.0), P = 0.73].ConclusionsIn newly diagnosed glioblastoma, continuing adjuvant TMZ beyond six cycles did not shown an increase neither in PFS nor OS.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Loïg Vaugier ◽  
Loïc Ah-Thiane ◽  
Maud Aumont ◽  
Emmanuel Jouglar ◽  
Mario Campone ◽  

AbstractGlioblastoma (GBM) is frequent in elderly patients, but their frailty provokes debate regarding optimal treatment in general, and the standard 6-week chemoradiation (CRT) in particular, although this is the mainstay for younger patients. All patients with newly diagnosed GBM and age ≥ 70 who were referred to our institution for 6-week CRT were reviewed from 2004 to 2018. MGMT status was not available for treatment decision at that time. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). Secondary outcomes were progression-free survival (PFS), early adverse neurological events without neurological progression ≤ 1 month after CRT and temozolomide hematologic toxicity assessed by CTCAE v5. 128 patients were included. The median age was 74.1 (IQR: 72–77). 15% of patients were ≥ 80 years. 62.5% and 37.5% of patients fulfilled the criteria for RPA class I–II and III–IV, respectively. 81% of patients received the entire CRT and 28% completed the maintenance temozolomide. With median follow-up of 11.7 months (IQR: 6.5–17.5), median OS was 11.7 months (CI 95%: 10–13 months). Median PFS was 9.5 months (CI 95%: 9–10.5 months). 8% of patients experienced grade ≥ 3 hematologic events. 52.5% of patients without neurological progression had early adverse neurological events. Post-operative neurological disabilities and age ≥ 80 were not associated with worsened outcomes. 6-week chemoradiation was feasible for “real-life” elderly patients diagnosed with glioblastoma, even in the case of post-operative neurological disabilities. Old does not necessarily mean worse.

Nirav Patil ◽  
Eashwar Somasundaram ◽  
Kristin A. Waite ◽  
Justin D. Lathia ◽  
Mitchell Machtay ◽  

Abstract Background/purpose Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary malignant brain tumor. Sex has been shown to be an important prognostic factor for GBM. The purpose of this study was to develop and independently validate sex-specific nomograms for estimation of individualized GBM survival probabilities using data from 2 independent NRG Oncology clinical trials. Methods This analysis included information on 752 (NRG/RTOG 0525) and 599 (NRG/RTOG 0825) patients with newly diagnosed GBM. The Cox proportional hazard models by sex were developed using NRG/RTOG 0525 and significant variables were identified using a backward selection procedure. The final selected models by sex were then independently validated using NRG/RTOG 0825. Results Final nomograms were built by sex. Age at diagnosis, KPS, MGMT promoter methylation and location of tumor were common significant predictors of survival for both sexes. For both sexes, tumors in the frontal lobes had significantly better survival than tumors of multiple sites. Extent of resection, and use of corticosteroids were significant predictors of survival for males. Conclusions A sex specific nomogram that assesses individualized survival probabilities (6-, 12- and 24-months) for patients with GBM could be more useful than estimation of overall survival as there are factors that differ between males and females. A user friendly online application can be found here—

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