Railway Transport
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2022 ◽  
Marius Girtan ◽  
Valeriu Stelian Nițoi ◽  
Constantina Chiriac ◽  

The paper brings to the fore the need for state support by making investments in railway infrastructure, in order to maintain and ensure the success of railway transport of trucks by introducing RO-LA transport in rail traffic. Using this mode of transport reduces the cost of maintaining road infrastructure, protects the environment, reduces fuel consumption, and reduces road traffic congestionRO-LA transport is an alternative solution to auto transport and contributes to the streamlining of traffic of goods and people.

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (4) ◽  
pp. 876-883
S. E. Mishenin

The present article introduces a historical analysis of students of the Technical College of Taiga in 1943–1991. The socal analysis involved factorial, structural-systemic, and historical approaches. The Technical Railway College has almost 80 years of history, which makes it one of the leading educational institutions of its branch in the country. Since 1991, it has been the Taiga Institute of Railway Transport, a branch of the Omsk State Railway University. The author identified the changes in the contigent of applicants in 1943–1991. They appeared to be connected with the development of the country and education policy. The revealed characteristics made it possible to clarify the logic of the development of a particular institution based on the changes in the forms and methods of recruitment, payment, age, etc. In this regard, recruitment acted as a set of special methods, e.g.clubs of young naturalists, contests and conferences, material base, promotion of railway professions through alumni, etc. In addition, good working conditions and high salary were important factors that attracted people to the Technical College of Taiga.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 457
Rudolf Vávra ◽  
Vít Janoš

This article is focused on the reliability of transfer connections in regional railway transport. The reliability of the transportation chain in public transport is an essential element for functional, attractive, and long-term sustainable public transport. This article discusses the causes and consequences of railway traffic disruption and related impacts on passenger transfer connections. To reduce the negative impacts of common operational disruptions, the authors present an original approach for determining transfer waiting times between delayed trains based on a modified critical path method (CPM). In addition, an example of the implementation of this method in regional railway transport in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic is provided.

Land ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 61
Fangqu Niu ◽  
Fang Wang

This study analyzes the structure of China’s overall railway transport network and its sub-networks of conventional railway and high-speed railway, with the aim to understand the country’s economic spatial structure that is reflected by or underlines the railway transport network. First, the results indicate that compared with developed cities, backward cities not only have fewer train services but also lack a symmetrical transport plan; backward cities tend to connect with developed cities rather than within themselves. Second, the national-level urban hierarchy was established using the proposed algorithm, which helped reveal the economic geography of three economic plates in China. Third, the law of the primate city is not prominent in a large country such as China, which is undergoing regional restructuring with the economic center of gravity shifting to the coastal area while also moving south.

2022 ◽  
Vol 354 ◽  
pp. 00068
Aurelian Nicola ◽  
Marin Silviu Nan ◽  
Adrian Schiopu ◽  
Ionela Grecea ◽  
Daniel Matei

Development of human society also implies modernization, respectively extension a road and railway transport structures. From this perspective, in order to achieve performance in the field of traffic safety, actions are also required to monitor the slopes, tailings dumps (active or greened) adjacent to transport routes where there are uncertainties regarding their stability. Ignoring stability and landslides can lead to loss of life, as well as significant material damage. Thus, the paper mainly addresses the issue of monitoring the slopes adjacent to road and rail transport routes where there are uncertainties regarding the control of landslides, as well as possibility of alerting before this occurs. From the multitude of possible solutions to be applied in the field, an equipment was developed and realized, which was experienced in real working conditions, and the results confirm validity of assumptions and certify the operation.

2022 ◽  
Igor Borisovich Shubinsky ◽  
Alexei Mikhailovitch Zamyshlaev

2022 ◽  
Vol 60 ◽  
pp. 568-575
Nadia Giuffrida ◽  
Martina Fazio ◽  
Michela Le Pira ◽  
Giuseppe Inturri ◽  
Matteo Ignaccolo

2021 ◽  
Vol 34 (06) ◽  
pp. 1819-1825
Maksim V. Basharkin ◽  
Alevtina G. Isaycheva ◽  
Valery B. Teplyakov

The article presents approaches that allow modernizing the system for monitoring the asymmetry of the traction current. The existing systems of technical diagnostics and monitoring of the technical condition of automation and telemetry control devices, which have found wide application on the railways of JSC Russian Railways, do not allow monitoring the condition of adjacent railway transport infrastructure systems that affect the performance of railway automation and telemetry control devices. Besides, information about the condition of the object being diagnosed is sent to the monitoring center, while the operational and repair personnel do not have the necessary information and start working only after receiving information about the malfunction from the dispatcher of the monitoring center. The mobile device, proposed in the article, allows reducing the time necessary for obtaining information about the unserviceable condition of the railroad line. The article presents the analysis of gadgets planned for use in a mobile device, and the concept of the interface of the mobile application for technicians. It is noted that the hardware intended for use in a mobile device must provide protection against unauthorized access to the application, as well as have a high degree of protection against penetration. Besides, the article identifies the areas for further improvement of the traction current asymmetry control system.

2021 ◽  
Vol 34 (06) ◽  
pp. 1867-1875
Polina B. Romanova ◽  
Oksana A. Bondarenko ◽  
Natalia A. Mukovnina

In the context of growing competition between rail transport and other transport types, there is a need to improve the transportation process. In modern conditions, railway transport is the main link in the logistics chain of moving goods from the shipper to the receiver. The efficiency of the railway transport complex can be improved by using logistics principles in the organization of local work on the network sections. In this study, we suggest ways to solve the problem of improving the quality of service for freight owners and the efficiency of organizing local work, which is relevant for railways. To make decisions aimed at improving the efficiency of the organization of local work, a procedure for determining the costs of organizing and promoting local trains was developed, taking into account the costs on maintaining the railway infrastructure. Not only the operational activity of the railways, but also the quality of transport customers service, compliance with the regulatory deadlines for cargo delivery, depends on the choice of the optimal option for organizing local car traffic into trains and their promotion along the section. The option is selected by comparing the costs for each of the possible options for organizing local car traffic into trains and moving them along the section.

2021 ◽  
Vol 34 (06) ◽  
pp. 1751-1760
Aleksandr Mitrofanov ◽  
P. Karpov ◽  
Andrey Peshkov

The article presents the results of a study of innovative technology on improving the rationing of diesel fuel consumption on rolling stock in the railway industry. As an object of research, fuel consumption was studied on a Automotrisa diesel editing - ADE-1, which is used in the electrification and power supply facilities of the Transenergo Directorate. Motorized carriage loading transport (MLT – 6), which is used in the economy of the track. On the basis of a number of regulatory documents of the Russian Railways company, the Samara State University of Railway Transport was entrusted with the analysis of the efficiency of fuel consumption of SSPS on these types of rolling stock at one of the railway landfills. The special self-propelled rolling stock of the Russian Railways company was studied as an object of research. The method of forming fuel consumption standards by identifying the actual values of fuel consumption and indicators of rolling stock operating modes is considered. The statistical methods used in the research allow us to set the rate of consumption in the range of 8% of the actual flow rate. Based on the use of the obtained fuel consumption rate, a method for identifying and evaluating the level of unauthorized fuel overspendings (draining) is provided.

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