mn doping
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2022 ◽  
Vol 43 (1) ◽  
pp. 012801
R. Rahaman ◽  
M. Sharmin ◽  
J. Podder

Abstract Here we discuss the synthesis of copper (II) oxide (CuO) and manganese (Mn)-doped CuO thin films varying with 0 to 8 at% Mn using the spray pyrolysis technique. As-deposited film surfaces comprised of agglomerated spherical nanoparticles and a semi-spongy porous structure for 4 at% Mn doping. Energy dispersive analysis of X-rays confirmed the chemical composition of the films. X-ray diffraction spectra showed a polycrystalline monoclinic structure with the predominance of the ( 11) peak. Optical band gap energy for direct and indirect transitions was estimated in the ranges from 2.67–2.90 eV and 0.11–1.73 eV, respectively. Refractive index and static dielectric constants were computed from the optical spectra. Electrical resistivity of CuO and Mn-doped CuO (Mn:CuO) thin films was found in the range from 10.5 to 28.6 Ω·cm. The tiniest electron effective mass was calculated for 4 at% Mn:CuO thin films. P to n-type transition was observed for 4 at% Mn doping in CuO films. Carrier concentration and mobility were found in the orders of 1017 cm–3 and 10–1 cm2/(V·s), respectively. The Hall coefficient was found to be between 9.9 and 29.8 cm3/C. The above results suggest the suitability of Mn:CuO thin films in optoelectronic applications.

Membranes ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 21
Shengyin Tang ◽  
Wanyi Fu ◽  
Tiantian Song ◽  
Tianhao Tang ◽  
Li Chen ◽  

This work presents an effective approach for manganese-doped Al2O3 ceramic membrane (Mn-doped membrane) fouling control by in-situ confined H2O2 cleaning in wastewater treatment. An Mn-doped membrane with 0.7 atomic percent Mn doping in the membrane layer was used in a membrane bioreactor with the aim to improve the catalytic activity toward oxidation of foulants by H2O2. Backwashing with 1 mM H2O2 solution at a flux of 120 L/m2/h (LMH) for 1 min was determined to be the optimal mode for in-situ H2O2 cleaning, with confined H2O2 decomposition inside the membrane. The Mn-doped membrane with in-situ H2O2 cleaning demonstrated much better fouling mitigation efficiency than a pristine Al2O3 ceramic membrane (pristine membrane). With in-situ H2O2 cleaning, the transmembrane pressure increase (ΔTMP) of the Mn-doped membrane was 22.2 kPa after 24-h filtration, which was 40.5% lower than that of the pristine membrane (37.3 kPa). The enhanced fouling mitigation was attributed to Mn doping, in the Mn-doped membrane layer, that improved the membrane surface properties and confined the catalytic oxidation of foulants by H2O2 inside the membrane. Mn3+/Mn4+ redox couples in the Mn-doped membrane catalyzed H2O2 decomposition continuously to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) (i.e., HO• and O21), which were likely to be confined in membrane pores and efficiently degraded organic foulants.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 184-195
Xinjian Wang ◽  
Yu Huan ◽  
Yixuan Zhu ◽  
Peng Zhang ◽  
Wenlong Yang ◽  

AbstractThe intrinsic conduction mechanism and optimal sintering atmosphere of (Ba0.85Ca0.15)(Zr0.1Ti0.9)O3 (BCZT) ceramics were regulated by Mn-doping element in this work. By Hall and impedance analysis, the undoped BCZT ceramics exhibit a typical n-type conduction mechanism, and the electron concentration decreases with the increasing oxygen partial pressure. Therefore, the undoped ceramics exhibit best electrical properties (piezoelectrical constant d33 = 585 pC·N−1, electro-mechanical coupling factor kp = 56%) in O2. A handful of Mn-doping element would transfer the conduction mechanism from n-type into p-type. And the hole concentration reduces with the decreasing oxygen partial pressure for Mn-doped BCZT ceramics. Therefore, the Mn-doped ceramics sintered in N2 have the highest insulation resistance and best piezoelectric properties (d33 = 505 pC·N−1, kp = 50%). The experimental results demonstrate that the Mn-doping element can effectively adjust the intrinsic conduction mechanism and then predict the optimal atmosphere.

2021 ◽  
Vol 130 (22) ◽  
pp. 223903
Hongrui Huang ◽  
Azizur Rahman ◽  
Jianlin Wang ◽  
Yalin Lu ◽  
Ryota Akiyama ◽  

Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (23) ◽  
pp. 7422
Muhammad Irfan ◽  
Rab Nawaz ◽  
Javed Akbar Khan ◽  
Habib Ullah ◽  
Tahir Haneef ◽  

The release of phenolic-contaminated treated palm oil mill effluent (TPOME) poses a severe threat to human and environmental health. In this work, manganese-modified black TiO2 (Mn-B-TiO2) was produced for the photodegradation of high concentrations of total phenolic compounds from TPOME. A modified glycerol-assisted technique was used to synthesize visible-light-sensitive black TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs), which were then calcined at 300 °C for 60 min for conversion to anatase crystalline phase. The black TiO2 was further modified with manganese by utilizing a wet impregnation technique. Visible light absorption, charge carrier separation, and electron–hole pair recombination suppression were all improved when the band structure of TiO2 was tuned by producing Ti3+ defect states. As a result of the enhanced optical and electrical characteristics of black TiO2 NPs, phenolic compounds were removed from TPOME at a rate of 48.17%, which is 2.6 times higher than P25 (18%). When Mn was added to black TiO2 NPs, the Ti ion in the TiO2 lattice was replaced by Mn, causing a large redshift of the optical absorption edges and enhanced photodegradation of phenolic compounds from TPOME. The photodegradation efficiency of phenolic compounds by Mn-B-TiO2 improved to 60.12% from 48.17% at 0.3 wt% Mn doping concentration. The removal efficiency of phenolic compounds from TPOME diminished when Mn doping exceeded the optimum threshold (0.3 wt%). According to the findings, Mn-modified black TiO2 NPs are the most effective, as they combine the advantages of both black TiO2 and Mn doping.

Nanomaterials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 3242
Yu Sun ◽  
Jin Chen ◽  
Fengchao Wang ◽  
Yi Yin ◽  
Yan Jin ◽  

Nowadays, Mn-doping is considered as a promising dissolution for the heavy usage of toxic lead in CsPbX3 perovskite material. Interestingly, Mn-doping also introduces an additional photoluminescence band, which is favorable to enrich the emission gamut of this cesium lead halide. Here, a solution spraying strategy was employed for the direct preparation of CsPbxMn1−x(Br,Cl)3 film through MnCl2 doping in host CsPbBr3 material. The possible fabrication mechanism of the provided approach and the dependences of material properties on Mn-doping were investigated in detail. As the results shown, Pb was partially substituted by Mn as expected. With the ratio of PbBr2:MnCl2 increasing from 3:0 to 1:1, the obtained film separately featured green, cyan, orange-red and pink-red emission, which was caused by the energy transferring process. Moreover, the combining energy of Cs, Pb, and Mn gradually red-shifted resulted from the formation of Cs-Cl, Pb-Cl and Mn-Br coordination bonding as MnCl2 doping increased. In addition, the weight of short decay lifetime of prepared samples increased with the doping rising, which indicated a better exciton emission and less defect-related transition. The aiming of current work is to provide a new possibility for the facile preparation of Mn-doping CsPbX3 film material.

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