neurocritical care
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 394
Maria Paola Lauretta ◽  
Rita Maria Melotti ◽  
Corinne Sangermano ◽  
Anneliya Maria George ◽  
Rafael Badenes ◽  

Background: Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is considered as an independent risk factor for several diseases, such as cardiovascular, neurological and autoimmune conditions. Atherothrombotic events, as a result of endothelial dysfunction and increased inflammation, are the main mechanisms involved in vascular damage. This review article reports clinical evidence on the relationship between the concentration of plasmatic homocysteine (Hcy) and acute brain injury (ABI) in neurocritical care patients. Materials and methods: a systematic search of articles in the PubMed and EMBASE databases was conducted, of which only complete studies, published in English in peer-reviewed journals, were included. Results: A total of 33 articles, which can be divided into the following 3 subchapters, are present: homocysteine and acute ischemic stroke (AIS); homocysteine and traumatic brain injury (TBI); homocysteine and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH)/subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This confirms that HHcy is an independent risk factor for ABI and a marker of poor prognosis in the case of stroke, ICH, SAH and TBI. Conclusions: Several studies elucidate that Hcy levels influence the patient’s prognosis in ABI and, in some cases, the risk of recurrence. Hcy appears as biochemical marker that can be used by neuro-intensivists as an indicator for risk stratification. Moreover, a nutraceutical approach, including folic acid, the vitamins B6 and B12, reduces the risk of thrombosis, cardiovascular and neurological dysfunction in patients with severe HHcy that were admitted for neurocritical care.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0262581
Gabriel Fernando Todeschi Variane ◽  
Maurício Magalhães ◽  
Rafaela Fabri Rodrigues Pietrobom ◽  
Alexandre Netto ◽  
Daniela Pereira Rodrigues ◽  

Background Management of high-risk newborns should involve the use of standardized protocols and training, continuous and specialized brain monitoring with electroencephalography (EEG), amplitude integrated EEG, Near Infrared Spectroscopy, and neuroimaging. Brazil is a large country with disparities in health care assessment and some neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are not well structured with trained personnel able to provide adequate neurocritical care. To reduce this existing gap, an advanced telemedicine model of neurocritical care called Protecting Brains and Saving Futures (PBSF) Guidelines was developed and implemented in a group of Brazilian NICUs. Methods A prospective, multicenter, and observational study will be conducted in all 20 Brazilian NICUs using the PBSF Guidelines as standard-of-care. All infants treated accordingly to the guidelines during Dec 2021 to Nov 2024 will be eligible. Ethical approval was obtained from participating centers. The primary objective is to describe adherence to the PBSF Guidelines and clinical outcomes, by center and over a 3-year period. Adherence will be measured by quantification of neuromonitoring, neuroimaging exams, sub-specialties consultation, and clinical case discussions and videoconference meetings. Clinical outcomes of interest are detection of seizures during hospitalization, use of anticonvulsants, inotropes, and fluid resuscitation, death before hospital discharge, length of hospital stay, and referral of patients to specialized follow-up. Discussion The study will provide evaluation of PBSF Guidelines adherence and its impact on clinical outcomes. Thus, data from this large prospective, multicenter, and observational study will help determine whether neonatal neurocritical care via telemedicine can be effective. Ultimately, it may offer the necessary framework for larger scale implementation and development of research projects using remote neuromonitoring. Trial registration NCT03786497, Registered 26 December 2018,

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
Adam Bisiani ◽  
Jessica M. Redmond ◽  
Adam M. Deane ◽  
Mark P. Plummer

2022 ◽  
pp. 239-266
Massimo Lamperti ◽  
Amit Jain ◽  
Vinay Byrappa

Anaesthesia ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 77 (S1) ◽  
pp. 3-7
A. M. Flexman ◽  
A. Tung

2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (7) ◽  
pp. 1446
MariusMarc-Daniel Mader ◽  
Patrick Czorlich

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document