insulation materials
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
pp. 1249-1256
Author(s):  
Sichen Qin ◽  
Rui Liu ◽  
Qian Wang ◽  
Xi Chen ◽  
Zicai Shen ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 906 ◽  
pp. 99-106
Author(s):  
Siranush Egnatosyan ◽  
David Hakobyan ◽  
Spartak Sargsyan

The use of thermal insulation materials to reduce the heating and cooling demand of the building in order to provide energy efficiency is the main solution. But there is a wide range of these products on the market and, therefore, the choice and application of these materials is a rather difficult task, since many factors must be taken into account, such as environmental safety, cost, durability, climatic conditions, application technology, etc. Basically, comfort microclimate systems are designed based on normative standards, where the thickness of the thermal insulation material is selected depending on the required heat transfer resistance. These values are calculated taking into account climate conditions, that is the duration of the heating period, as well as taking into account sanitary and hygienic requirements. This article discusses the thermal performance of building materials, and also provides a comparative analysis of the use of thermal insulation materials depending on climatic factors and on the system providing comfort microclimate. Based on the calculations by mathematical modeling and optimization, it is advisable to choose the thickness of the thermal insulation, taking into account the capital and operating costs of the comfort microclimate systems. Comparing the optimization data with the normative one, the energy efficiency of the building increases by 50-70% when applying the optimal thickness of the thermal insulation layer, and when the thermal insulation layer is increased, the thermal performance of the enclosing structures has improved by 30%, which contributes to energy saving.


2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 22
Author(s):  
Konstantinos Ninikas ◽  
Porfyrios Tallaros ◽  
Andromachi Mitani ◽  
Dimitrios Koutsianitis ◽  
Georgios Ntalos ◽  
...  

The objective of this paper is to compare the thermal behavior of a light frame timber wall by measuring 15 test samples with various insulation materials versus a theoretical simulation with the use of a software. This work establishes the variance between the two different methods to measure the thermal transmittance coefficient of timber walls. It is verified that the mean percentage alteration between the two methods is 4.25%. Furthermore, this approach proved that with the use of a simulation software, additional readings (humidity, vapor flux, heat flux, and vapor pressure) can also be considered and measured, enhancing the overall development of a timber wall. This can provide additional information regarding to the characteristics of the masonry’s elements assisting in an improved design of a timber wall with upgraded performance.


Author(s):  
Melek Ayadi ◽  
Riadh Zouari ◽  
César Ségovia ◽  
Ayda Baffoun ◽  
Slah Msahli ◽  
...  

As the need to ensure thermal comfort in buildings is constantly evolving, new technologies continue to emerge with the aim to develop efficient thermal insulation materials. This study aims to explore a textile technology using Airlaid process to develop non-woven fabrics made of natural fibers extracted from Posidonia Oceanica’s waste for assessing their suitability for insulation products in construction field. This technology offers the feature to develop isotropic non-woven structures by orienting randomly the fibers on the fabric surface. The web composed of a mixture of Posidonia Oceanica fibers and a proportion of thermoplastic fibers is then thermally bonded in an oven followed by cooling in order to ensure the solidification of the bonding areas. The prepared panels are then analyzed for the thermal conductivity. It was found that their thermal conductivity is close to commonly used thermal insulation materials, ranging between 0.03515 W/m.K and 0.03957 W/m.K, which allows the non-woven panels to compete with widely-used insulation materials for building’s field. The second part of this work aims to determinate the Posidonia panel's resistance to five common mold types in buildings (Aspergillus niger, Penicilumfuniculosum, Trichoderma viride, Chaetomium globosum, Paecilomycesvariotii). In fact, at high moisture content, molds are likely to develop on cellulosic materials affecting indoor air quality and eventually causing a variety of health risks to occupants. However, optic microscope results showed no growth of molds on the Posidonia samples which allows conceiving reliable thermal insulation materials.


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