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2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-22
Tomasz Miksa ◽  
Simon Oblasser ◽  
Andreas Rauber

Many research funders mandate researchers to create and maintain data management plans (DMPs) for research projects that describe how research data is managed to ensure its reusability. A DMP, being a static textual document, is difficult to act upon and can quickly become obsolete and impractical to maintain. A new generation of machine-actionable DMPs (maDMPs) was therefore proposed by the Research Data Alliance to enable automated integration of information and updates. maDMPs open up a variety of use cases enabling interoperability of research systems and automation of data management tasks. In this article, we describe a system for machine-actionable data management planning in an institutional context. We identify common use cases within research that can be automated to benefit from machine-actionability of DMPs. We propose a reference architecture of an maDMP support system that can be embedded into an institutional research data management infrastructure. The system semi-automates creation and maintenance of DMPs, and thus eases the burden for the stakeholders responsible for various DMP elements. We evaluate the proposed system in a case study conducted at the largest technical university in Austria and quantify to what extent the DMP templates provided by the European Commission and a national funding body can be pre-filled. The proof-of-concept implementation shows that maDMP workflows can be semi-automated, thus workload on involved parties can be reduced and quality of information increased. The results are especially relevant to decision makers and infrastructure operators who want to design information systems in a systematic way that can utilize the full potential of maDMPs.

2022 ◽  
Vol 07 (01) ◽  
Zulhelmy M. Hatta ◽  

This study aims to analyze how the application of financial accounting in Islamic boarding schools in Riau Province. The research method is descriptive qualitative that is comparing theory and practice carried out by Islamic boarding schools. Sources and research data obtained from primary and secondary data The number of informants obtained amounted to 9 boarding school administrators. The object of the research is a boarding school in the province of Riau. The result of the research is that all Islamic boarding schools in terms of their accounting application have not followed or applied the accounting standards that have been set by the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. The accounting applied is still very simple, that is, it still uses a general cash book and there is no journalizing. The financial statements made are only limited to general financial accountability. For this reason, it is necessary to socialize Accounting Standards for Islamic Boarding Schools, because according to the management they have never received accounting training in their Islamic boarding schools.

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
pp. 880-894
Ana Marfuah ◽  
Kusuma Chandra Kirana ◽  
Didik Subiyanto

This research aims to determine the effect of competence and work ethic on work performance with motivation as a moderating variable. In this study using a population of all employees of PT. Sapta Sentosa Jaya Abadi Muko-Muko with a total of 70 respondents, the sampling technique used saturated sampling with questionnaires which were distributed to all employees of PT. Sapta Sentosa Jaya Abadi Muko-Muko. This research is a quantitative research. Data analysis techniques used in this research are descriptive analysis, multiple regression analysis, and Moderate Regression Analysis (MRA). The results of this study indicate that the competence variable has a positive and significant effect on work performance, the work ethic variable has a positive and significant effect on work performance, the motivation variable has a positive and significant effect on work performance, the motivation variable can moderate competence on work performance, The motivation variable cannot moderate work ethic on work performance Keywords: Motivation, Competence, Work Ethic, Work Performance

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (4) ◽  
Asriani Asriani ◽  
Wawan Wawan

This study aims to determine the factors that lead to the occurrence of dynastic politics in village leadership in Wantiworo Village. The research method used is descriptive qualitative research. Data collection techniques were carried out through in-depth interviews (interviews), observation and document studies. Analysis of the data and informants that have been obtained was carried out qualitatively.The results of research on dynastic politics in village leadership (Study of Wantiworo Village, Kabawo District, Muna Regency) where the most influencing the occurrence of dynastic politics in Wantiworo Village are only two factors, including capital strength (economic), the economic ability of a village head is also a consideration in the nomination . Wealth owned by the village head is the basic capital to achieve a goal or victory. Then the power of the network (the family), the family of the village head does have quite a big influence in the community. For example, the former village head of La Ode Gafar is a religious figure and La Ode Kiji is a person who is quite respected in the community besides other important positions in the village that have kinship relations.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 796
Julia Sasse ◽  
Johannes Darms ◽  
Juliane Fluck

For all research data collected, data descriptions and information about the corresponding variables are essential for data analysis and reuse. To enable cross-study comparisons and analyses, semantic interoperability of metadata is one of the most important requirements. In the area of clinical and epidemiological studies, data collection instruments such as case report forms (CRFs), data dictionaries and questionnaires are critical for metadata collection. Even though data collection instruments are often created in a digital form, they are mostly not machine readable; i.e., they are not semantically coded. As a result, the comparison between data collection instruments is complex. The German project NFDI4Health is dedicated to the development of national research data infrastructure for personal health data, and as such searches for ways to enhance semantic interoperability. Retrospective integration of semantic codes into study metadata is important, as ongoing or completed studies contain valuable information. However, this is labor intensive and should be eased by software. To understand the market and find out what techniques and technologies support retrospective semantic annotation/enrichment of metadata, we conducted a literature review. In NFDI4Health, we identified basic requirements for semantic metadata annotation software in the biomedical field and in the context of the FAIR principles. Ten relevant software systems were summarized and aligned with those requirements. We concluded that despite active research on semantic annotation systems, no system meets all requirements. Consequently, further research and software development in this area is needed, as interoperability of data dictionaries, questionnaires and data collection tools is key to reusing and combining results from independent research studies.

La Aso ◽  

This study discusses the factors that caused the Muna ethnic society to elope (dopofileighoo) at Muna Barat regency of Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. This research needs to be carried out because of several reasons, such as: First, the tradition of elopement (dopofileighoo) at Muna Barat regency of Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia has attracted the attention of many people, including the Muna ethnic society itself. Second, the factors that cause the Muna ethnic society to elope seem to be a very important and interesting topic to discuss. This study uses a qualitative description through the technique of interviews, observations, and document studies. The research data were analyzed descriptively, qualitatively, and interpretively. The results of the research showed that several factors that caused the Muna ethnic society to elope (dopofileighoo) tradition are as follows: (1) male's parents wanted a big party, (2) one of the male’s or the female’s parents did not approve their marriage, and (3) the female has been pregnant before the marriage party.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 105-112
Nur Fauziah Karim ◽  
Minarni ◽  
Syahrul Alim

This study aims to determine the ability of fear of failure in predicting academic procrastination in students in Indonesia by involving 428 respondents (male = 52.63%). The instruments used are the academic procrastination scale and the fear of failure scale. Analysis of this research data uses a simple linear regression technique. This study showed that fear of failure affected academic procrastination significantly with a contribution value of 38.6% positive direction, while 61.4% was influenced by other factors not studied. Research confirms that students with high levels of fear of failure tend to have high levels of academic procrastination and vice versa

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 ◽  
Ni Putu Achintya Wibawa Putri ◽  
I Nyoman Wijana Asmara Putra ◽  
Made Gede Wirakusuma ◽  
I Dewa Gede Dharma Suputra

This study aims to examine the effect of independence, professionalism, and experience of internal auditors on fraud prevention with organizational culture as a moderating variable. The research data were collected through questionnaires, the research respondents were the internal auditors of Rural Banks in Bali. The method of determining the sample using purposive sampling with the criteria of internal auditors who have more then a year work experience, with 140 respondents. The data analysis technique used in this research is Path Analysis (SEM-PLS). The results showed that the independence, professionalism, and experience of internal auditors had a positive effect on fraud prevention; and organizational culture strengthen the positive influence of independence, professionalism, and experience of internal auditors on fraud prevention.

2022 ◽  
Nesrin Menemenci Bahcelerli ◽  

The most important feature that distinguishes the tourism sector from many sectors is that it has a labor-intensive structure. Therefore, the knowledge and skills of those working in this sector are important for the competitiveness of businesses. In this direction, tourism education curricula are developed on a practical basis. During the pandemic, the functioning of the tourism industry has come to a complete halt, so education has been moved to digital platforms. In this process, many application-based courses were suspended and these courses were started to be carried out on digital platforms. The aim of this study is to evaluate the views of students who receive tourism education in the pandemic process towards distance learning. The action research technique, one of the qualitative research methods, was used in the study. Action research is a method actively used by educators who take the role of researchers to systematically and scientifically obtain information and develop applications in various fields of education. The sample of the study consists of 24 students studying tourism in the 2020-2021 academic years. The research data were collected using a semi-structured interview technique. As a result of the research, while the students expressed positive opinions about distance learning, they stated that they lacked the application aspect, which is a necessity of tourism education. In addition, with the statements put forward, it is concluded that students improve themselves by participating in seminars and trainings with distance learning methods in many different countries in the pandemic process. Among the problems experienced, students stated that there is a lack of infrastructure.

Ibraheem Ali ◽  
Thea Atwood ◽  
Renata Curty ◽  
Jimmy Ghaphery ◽  
Tim McGeary ◽  

The Association of Research Libraries (ARL)/Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL) Joint Task Force on Research Data Services (RDS) formed in 2020 with a two-fold purpose: (1) to demonstrate and commit to the roles research libraries have in stewarding research data and as part of institution-wide research support services and (2) to guide the development of resources for the ARL and CARL memberships in advancing their organizations as collaborative partners with respect to research data services in the context of FAIR (findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable) data principles and the US National Academies’ Open Science by Design framework. Research libraries will be successful in meeting these objectives if they act collectively and are deeply engaged with disciplinary communities. The task force formed three working groups of data practitioners, representing a wealth of expertise, to research the institutional landscape and policy environment in both the US and Canada. This report of the ARL/CARL RDS task force’s working group on partnerships highlights library RDS programs’ work with partners and stakeholders. The report provides a set of tools for libraries to use when assessing their RDS partnerships, including assessing partnerships using a partnership life cycle, defining the continuum of possible partnerships, and creating a catalog. Not all partnerships will last the entirety of a librarian’s career, and having clear parameters for when to continue or sunset a partnership can reduce ambiguity and free up resources. Recognizing the continuum of possible partnerships can provide the framework by which librarians can understand the nature of each group. From cyclical to seasonal to sporadic, understanding the needs of a type of partnership can help libraries frame their understanding and meet a group where they are. Finally, creating a catalog of partnerships can help libraries see the landscape of the organization, as well as areas for growth. This approach also aligns with OCLC’s 2020 report on Social Interoperability in Research Support: Cross-Campus Partnerships and the University Research Enterprise, which highlights the necessity of building and stewarding partnerships. Developing and providing services in a decentralized organization relies on the ability to build trusted relationships. These tools will help libraries achieve sustainable growth that is in concert with their partners, generating robust, clearly aligned initiatives that benefit all parties, their campuses, and their communities.

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