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Author(s):  
Puspa Indah Devitasari ◽  
Benazir Amalia Firdausy ◽  
Shobhi Al-Ghifari Azhary ◽  
Heru Kuswanto

This study aims to analyze the spectrum of the human voice based on the accents of several regions. This research is included in the type of experimental research. Data were collected from 4 male respondents aged 23 years as research subjects. Respondents come from Central Java, East Java, Jambi, and South Sulawesi or come from Javanese, Malay, and Bugis ethnicities. Each respondent pronounces the vowels /a/ and /e/ as well as the consonants /b/, /d/, and /g/ once in each sound under normal circumstances or does not have throat problems or other things that make the sound abnormal. Voice recording is done in a closed and quiet room without any disturbance by using a microphone connected to a laptop using the cool record edit pro application. The sound spectrum was analyzed using Praat verse 2 software, then the recording was converted to *wav format. Furthermore, the sound spectrum analysis procedure uses software to determine the shape of the spectrum, the maximum or minimum pitch frequency (F0), and the formant frequency of F1-F4 in each sample. The results showed that the response of men from South Sulawesi had the highest tone of 156 Hz in the letter /b/ and 145 Hz in the letters /d/ and /g/ respectively. while the lowest tone of voice owned by men from the Jambi area is 105 Hz, 109 Hz, and 102 Hz for each consonant and the output from F0 (pitch) to F1-F4 (formant) can change and does not describe the high pitch, meaning the formant will always high.


2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (3) ◽  
pp. 104-112
Author(s):  
Sri Wahyuni ◽  
Pujiharto ◽  
Siti Nur Azizah ◽  
Zulfikar Zulfikar

This study aims to compare the credit risk and profitability of banks in Indonesia. For this, the descriptive-quantitative method is used. The sample collection is based on the purposive sampling method. The study involved 71 Indonesian banks listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange and Financial Services Authority, both conventional and Sharia. The research data are secondary data that include published results of quarterly financial reports of both conventional and sharia banks obtained from the website of the Financial Services Authority or the official websites of banks. The profitability of banks in making profit is measured by the Return on Assets ratio. The method of analysis used is the paired sample t-test. The results show significant differences in nonperforming loans (NPL) before and after the COVID-19 pandemic in conventional banking. However, there is no significant difference in Sharia banking. Moreover, there is no significant difference in profitability before and after the new normal implementation. This study provides empirical evidence that Indonesia’s banking restructuring policies to anticipate the impact of COVID-19 did not work optimally. The study is expected to help bank managers and the Financial Services Authority as a basis for evaluating the implementation of government policies to restructure the banking system.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (9) ◽  
pp. 999-1006
Author(s):  
Muhammad Agung Nulhakim ◽  
Bayu Febram Prasetyo ◽  
Rini Madyastuti Purwono

Drug therapy in cases of infections by viruses is only to prevent secondary infections. The use of drugs for each action must be evaluated through a drug use evaluation program (EPO) in order to guarantee a rational and effective drug. This study aims to examine the drugs in case for handling and the effectiveness of drug use in cases of infections caused by viruses, in this study the therapeutic use of drugs in cases of feline calicivirus and feline panleukopenia. This research is a descriptive study using data from 543 patients who came to get treatment of clinic in Bogor City during 2017 and 2018, 29 of which were infected with feline calicivirus and 32 infected with feline panleukopenia. Evaluation of drug use in these two viral diseases is done descriptively by comparing research data with literature. The results showed the use of drugs in the case of feline calicivirus there were 12 types of drug treatment, while in the case of feline panleukopenia there were 9 types of drug treatment. The use of drugs most often used is based on the records of veterinary clinical records, namely the preparation of metronidazole combined with cefadroxil to handle cases of feline calicivirus and metronidazole alone to handle cases of feline panleukopenia.


2021 ◽  
pp. 096853322110461
Author(s):  
Katharina Ó Cathaoir ◽  
Hrefna Dögg Gunnarsdóttir ◽  
Mette Hartlev

This article traces the journey of Nordic health data requested for developing a healthcare algorithm. We focus on the legal requirements and highlight that differences in the legislation of Denmark, Norway and Iceland, and the interpretation thereof by responsible bodies, can pose a barrier for scientific researchers. In addition, non-legal institutional requirements or practices may hamper data access. First, despite some European harmonization, the mandate of research ethics committees and the data protection authorities vary in the three countries. Second, domestic institutions impose tailored requirements, sometimes only allowing domestic or affiliated researchers to access data sets. Third, the manner in which a dataset is collected, catalogued and stored has implications for data access. We make several recommendations for increasing transparency in Nordic data access, such as, increasing knowledge sharing regarding interpretation of General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) criteria, adopting clearer regulations and pursuing greater citizen engagement in secondary use of health data.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Paul Longley Arthur ◽  
Lydia Hearn

Abstract Open research represents a new set of principles and methodologies for greater cooperation, transparent sharing of findings, and access to and re-use of research data, materials or outputs, making knowledge more freely available to wider audiences for societal benefit. Yet, the future success of the international move toward open research will be dependent on key stakeholders addressing current barriers to increase uptake, effectiveness, and sustainability. This article builds on “An Agenda for Open Science in Communication,” raising dialog around the need for a broader view of open research as opposed to open science through a deeper understanding of specific challenges faced by the humanities. It reviews how the multifaceted nature of humanities research outputs make open communication formats more complex and costly. While new avenues are emerging to advance open research, there is a need for more collaborative, coordinated efforts to better connect humanities scholars with the communities they serve.


Media Ekonomi ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (2) ◽  
pp. 8
Author(s):  
Alif Fajri Husaeni ◽  
Adi Wiratno

The purpose of this research is to find out whether leadership and motivation styles affect the burnout of employees. From the theoretical exposure then it can be formulated hypothesized that there is a leadership style influence against burnout, and there is a motivation influence against burnout in employees. The population in this study is all employees at PT. Indaco Warna Dunia (Regional Sales Purwokerto). Sampling techniques used are purposive sampling. Research data uses primary data in the form of questionnaires using 50 respondents. The results of this study showed that the leadership style influenced the desire of burnout. The better the leadership style of a company then the lower the employee will be against the burnout. Motivation also has a negative influence on burnout.


2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  
pp. 27-39
Author(s):  
Hasdi Suryadi

This study aims to test empirically the independent variables consisting of profitability, company size, company age, auditor opinion, ownership structure and leverage affect the dependent variable on timeliness of financial reporting partially and simultaneously. The data population used is all consumer goods companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the period 2016-2018. This research uses purposive sampling method, there are 24 companies that meet the criteria with a total of 72 samples used as research data. Data analysis using logistic regression analysis. The results showed that partially profitability, company size, company age, auditor opinion, ownership structure and leverage had no effect on the timeliness of financial reporting and simultaneously profitability, company size, company age, auditor opinion, ownership structure and leverage had an effect on timeliness finance report.


2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (7) ◽  
pp. 11-40
Author(s):  
E. E. Neupokoeva ◽  
N. K. Chapaev

Introduction. The digitalisation of the education system has increased the importance of acquiring digital competencies. At the same time, soft-competencies changed their structure and acquired a specific digital component. Didactic communications, based on the acquisition of all three groups of competencies - soft, hard and digital, have been changed, especially in the field of information technology. Those cognitive and communicative difficulties, which were previously easily solved with direct contact, now require special soft-competencies of the teacher. The processes of the search for solutions to problems and the formulation of such problems become more acute. There is an urgent need to find ways to solve the problem of raising the effectiveness of cognitive interactions. Therefore, one such way could be the method for analysing the leading type of cognitive interactions in training through a hermeneutic approach.The aims of the present research are the following: to reveal scientific and methodological aspects of application of the hermeneutic approach in didactic communications training for vocational teachers; to demonstrate the example of a graphical representation of the model of the hermeneutic circle concerning cognitive processes for studying regulatory texts; to form the main provisions for the theory of preparation for effective professional communications as a tool for acquiring workplace flexibility skills.Methodology and research methods. The theoretical and methodological component of the research is based on hermeneutic, system-activity and integrative approaches. The main research findings are drawn upon the cognitive theory (theory of cognitive processes). Empirical research data were obtained through the included observation method, as well as through testing among the trainees.Results. A hermeneutic circle model was demonstrated. Such a model is the basis of the authors’ methodology for teaching didactic communications in the field of information technologies. The basics of the theory of preparation for effective professional communications were developed. A fundamental tool was described showing the effectiveness of the application of the hermeneutic approach. The publication discloses a mechanism for understanding and interpreting a user algorithm. For the first time, the hermeneutic circle model is presented for understanding and interpreting user instructions by people of socionomic professions. The obtained theoretical and practical results can be interpolated into any scientific sphere, which is studied in the framework of primary vocational education in university or college degree programmes.Scientific novelty. The publication considers the hermeneutic circle model as a visual image that illustrates the specifics of cognitive processes when studying user algorithms as the basis for information exchange in the field of IT. The model demonstrates the reasons for the appearance of “weaknesses” when providing training for teachers in didactic communications in the field of IT.Practical significance. Since the issue of teaching workplace flexibility skills remains open at the level of theoretical and practical tools, there are some prerequisites for its development. The publication can be recommended to educators involved in the development of integrative disciplines aimed at improving communication skills. The main theoretical provisions are considered through the example of didactic communications in the field of IT.


2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
pp. 100-106
Author(s):  
Ira Septriana ◽  
Hermawan Triyono ◽  
Agung Prajanto

This research aims to analyze the effect of financial distress, firm size, leverage, and litigation risk on implementing the accounting conservatism of manufacturing companies in Indonesia. The population in this research is manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchanged (IDX) over 2014-2018. Research sample selection used the purposive sampling method. Obtained company data that meet the research criteria as many as 169 companies, so that the total research data is 149 data. The analysis methods in this research are multiple regression analysis. Based on the test results of the research conclude that variables of the board of financial distress, firm size, and litigation risk have no effect on accounting conservatism implemented of manufacturing companies. Meanwhile, the variable of leverage affects the accounting conservatism's implemented by manufacturing companies.  Keywords: Conservatism Accounting. Financial Distress, Firm Size, Leverage, Litigation Risk 


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