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2022 ◽  
Vol 27 ◽  
pp. 300584
Hiroshi Harada ◽  
Takeharu Ono ◽  
Takanori Hirose ◽  
Hirohito Umeno ◽  
Jun Akiba ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 36 (1) ◽  
pp. 23-28
Mitsuhiro Tsuboi ◽  
Toshiyuki Hirose ◽  
Hiroyuki Sumitomo ◽  
Ryo Yamada

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Liang Zhao ◽  
Guangyu Bai ◽  
Ying Ji ◽  
Yue Peng ◽  
Ruochuan Zang ◽  

IntroductionStage IA lung adenocarcinoma manifested as part-solid nodules (PSNs), has attracted immense attention owing to its unique characteristics and the definition of its invasiveness remains unclear. We sought to develop a nomogram for predicting the status of lymph nodes of this kind of nodules.MethodsA total of 2,504 patients between September 2018 to October 2020 with part-solid nodules in our center were reviewed. Their histopathological features were extracted from paraffin sections, whereas frozen sections were reviewed to confirm the consistency of frozen sections and paraffin sections. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses and Akaike information criterion (AIC) variable selection were performed to assess the risk factors of lymph node metastasis and construct the nomogram. The nomogram was subjected to bootstrap internal validation and external validation. The concordance index (C-index) was applied to evaluate the predictive accuracy and discriminative ability.ResultsWe enrolled 215 and 161 eligible patients in the training cohort and validation cohort, respectively. The sensitivity between frozen and paraffin sections on the presence of micropapillary/solid subtype was 78.4%. Multivariable analysis demonstrated that MVI, the presence of micropapillary/solid subtype, and CTR >0.61 were independently associated with lymph node metastasis (p < 0.01). Five risk factors were integrated into the nomogram. The nomogram demonstrated good accuracy in estimating the risk of lymph node metastasis, with a C-index of 0.945 (95% CI: 0.916–0.974) in the training cohort and a C-index of 0.975 (95% CI: 0.954–0.995) in the validation cohort. The model’s calibration was excellent in both cohorts.ConclusionThe nomogram established showed excellent discrimination and calibration and could predict the status of lymph nodes for patients with ≤3 cm PSNs. Also, this prediction model has the prediction potential before the end of surgery.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Chunwang Huang ◽  
Wenxiao Yan ◽  
Shumei Zhang ◽  
Yanping Wu ◽  
Hantao Guo ◽  

BackgroundGiven the difficulty of accurately determining the central lymph node metastasis (CLNM) status of patients with clinically node-negative (cN0) papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) before surgery, this study aims to combine real-time elastography (RTE) and conventional ultrasound (US) features with clinical features. The information is combined to construct and verify the nomogram to foresee the risk of CLNM in patients with cN0 PTC and to develop a network-based nomogram.MethodsFrom January 2018 to February 2020, 1,157 consecutive cases of cN0 PTC after thyroidectomy and central compartment neck dissection were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were indiscriminately allocated (2:1) to a training cohort (771 patients) and validation cohort (386 patients). Multivariate logistic regression analysis of US characteristics and clinical information in the training cohort was performed to screen for CLNM risk predictors. RTE data were included to construct prediction model 1 but were excluded when constructing model 2. DeLong’s test was used to select a forecast model with better receiver operator characteristic curve performance to establish a web-based nomogram. The clinical applicability, discrimination, and calibration of the preferable prediction model were assessed.ResultsMultivariate regression analysis showed that age, sex, tumor size, bilateral tumors, the number of tumor contacting surfaces, chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, and RTE were risk predictors of CLNM in cN0 PTC patients, which constituted prediction model 1. Model 2 included the first six risk predictors. Comparison of the areas under the curves of the two models showed that model 1 had better prediction performance (training set 0.798 vs. 0.733, validation set 0.792 vs. 0.715, p < 0.001) and good discrimination and calibration. RTE contributed significantly to the performance of the prediction model. Decision curve analysis showed that patients could obtain good net benefits with the application of model 1.ConclusionA noninvasive web-based nomogram combining US characteristics and clinical risk factors was developed in the research. RTE could improve the prediction accuracy of the model. The dynamic nomogram has good performance in predicting the probability of CLNM in cN0 PTC patients.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Na Luo ◽  
Ying Wen ◽  
Qiongyan Zou ◽  
Dengjie Ouyang ◽  
Qitong Chen ◽  

AbstractThe current diagnostic technologies for assessing the axillary lymph node metastasis (ALNM) status accurately in breast cancer (BC) remain unsatisfactory. Here, we developed a diagnostic model for evaluating the ALNM status using a combination of mRNAs and the T stage of the primary tumor as a novel biomarker. We collected relevant information on T1–2 BC from public databases. An ALNM prediction model was developed by logistic regression based on the screened signatures and then internally and externally validated. Calibration curves and the area under the curve (AUC) were employed as performance metrics. The prognostic value and tumor immune infiltration of the model were also determined. An optimal diagnostic model was created using a combination of 11 mRNAs and T stage of the primary tumor and showed high discrimination, with AUCs of 0.828 and 0.746 in the training sets. AUCs of 0.671 and 0.783 were achieved in the internal validation cohorts. The mean external AUC value was 0.686 and ranged between 0.644 and 0.742. Moreover, the new model has good specificity in T1 and hormone receptor-negative/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2- negative (HR−/HER2−) BC and good sensitivity in T2 BC. In addition, the risk of ALNM and 11 mRNAs were correlated with the infiltration of M2 macrophages, as well as the prognosis of BC. This novel prediction model is a useful tool to identify the risk of ALNM in T1–2 BC patients, particularly given that it can be used to adjust surgical options in the future.

2022 ◽  
Kim Borsky ◽  
Ketan Shah ◽  
Giles Cunnick ◽  
Fiona Tsang-Wright

Background: This study aimed to explore the hypothesis that the stage of breast cancer at initial diagnosis in 2020 is more advanced compared with 2019. Methods: Tumor, node, metastasis and Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) stages of new breast cancer diagnoses at the Bucks Breast Unit from May to October 2019 and 2020 were reviewed. A p < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Average UICC stage increased from 1a in 2019 to 2a in 2020 (p < 0.01). Excluding cancers detected through screening, UICC stage still increased from 1b in 2019 to 2a in 2020 (p = 0.0184). There was a significant increase in the percentage of node-positive patients (p = 0.0063) and patients with metastatic disease (p = 0.0295) on initial presentation. Conclusion: Overall, patients presented with higher UICC stages and more node-positive and metastatic disease on initial diagnosis in 2020 compared with 2019.

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