Prognostic Factors
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Tsutomu Namikawa ◽  
Shigeto Shimizu ◽  
Keiichiro Yokota ◽  
Nobuhisa Tanioka ◽  
Masaya Munekage ◽  

BMC Cancer ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Furong Sun ◽  
Zhifei Liu ◽  
Bingyuan Wang

Abstract Background Low-level viremia generally refers to detectable HBV DNA levels lower than 2000 IU/mL. Studies show that low-level viremia is a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma. The aim of this study was to explore the characteristics of low-level viremia patients with hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma and identify prognostic factors after curative hepatectomy. Methods Data from chronic hepatitis B patients with hepatocellular carcinoma receiving curative hepatectomy for the first time in the first hospital of China Medical University were studied. Patients were divided into two groups based on preoperative HBV DNA levels: group 1 (low-level viremia group, HBV DNA < 2000 IU/mL) and group 2 (HBV DNA ≥ 2000 IU/mL). Results Of the 212 patients, 104 patients were in group 1 and 108 patients were in group 2. There was a lower proportion of patients with HBsAg levels > 250 IU/mL (the upper limit of detection in our laboratory) in group 1 than in group 2 (71.2% vs. 86.1%, P < 0.01). The percentage of patients with a tumor diameter < 5 cm was 67.3% in group 1 and 37.0% in group 2 (P < 0.000). The percentage of tumor recurrence was 40.4% (42) in group 1 and 54.6% (59) in group 2 (P < 0.05). Median recurrence-free survival was 30.1 months in group 1 and 17.6 months in group 2 (P < 0.01). Multivariate analysis showed that a tumor diameter ≥ 5 cm (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.819, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.193–2.775, P = 0.005), intrahepatic metastasis (HR = 1.916, 95% CI 1.077–3.407, P = 0.027), and an HBV DNA level ≥ 100 IU/mL (the lower limit of detection in our laboratory, HR = 2.943, 95% CI 1.916–4.520, P < 0.000) were independent prognostic factors associated with an increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence. Conclusion Preoperative low-level viremia was related with a long tumor recurrence interval and complete virologic response after curative hepatectomy was associated with a lower risk of hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence.

2021 ◽  
Vol 37 (1) ◽  
Sidharth Pant ◽  
Punita Lal ◽  
Shagun Misra ◽  
Piyush Gupta ◽  
K. J. Maria Das ◽  

Abstract Background The purpose of the study was to evaluate survival outcomes in post-operative oral tongue cancer patients undergoing adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) at a tertiary cancer care center and to critically review the impact of various clinical-pathological factors on recurrence and survival. Demographic factors, stage of all the histology proven oral tongue cancer, and treatment details were documented. Overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were analyzed along with the potential prognostic factors affecting outcome. Results One hundred forty-four post-operative oral tongue cancer patients referred to our department for adjuvant treatment were evaluated. Median age at presentation was 45 years. Forty-seven patients had pathological early stage disease (stages I and II) and 95 had locally advanced (stages III and IV) disease while post-op details were not present in 2 patients. At a median follow-up of 87 months (60–124) of alive patients, the median RFS for entire cohort was 62 months while median OS was 74 months respectively. Age, perineural invasion (PNI), and grade of the tumor emerged as independent prognostic factors for OS and RFS. Among patients with early stage disease, depth of invasion (DOI), age, and PNI were found as independent prognostic factors for RFS and OS. In locally advanced disease, higher grade, age, and PNI independently impacted the respective survival end points. Conclusions Age (> 45 years), higher grade, and presence of PNI showed inferior survival outcomes across the sub-groups (early versus locally advanced disease). This may warrant adjuvant treatment intensification. DOI > 10 mm was particularly found to worsen survival in early node negative SCC oral tongue patients.

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (10) ◽  
pp. 1042
Fabiana Mallone ◽  
Rosalia Giustolisi ◽  
Federica Franzone ◽  
Marco Marenco ◽  
Rocco Plateroti ◽  

The current standard treatment of myopic choroidal neovascularisation (mCNV) is intravitreal injection of VEGF antagonists. This study was proposed to assess efficacy and safety of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) for the treatment of mCNV across a 10-year follow-up. Thirty eyes of thirty patients with treatment-naïve mCNV who underwent IVB and were followed up with for a minimum of ten years were recruited for the present retrospective cohort study. All participants were treated with three monthly IVB at baseline and then evaluated and treated under pro re nata (PRN) schedule. Outcome measures were to determine BCVA changes over years and identify the predictive factors of both final visual outcome and need for retreatment. Analysis of the main involved prognostic factors with correlations among variables is reported. Visual acuity remained stable at 10-year follow-up (p = 0.001) with the greatest improvement at 2 years (p < 0.0001) in all CNV locations. Baseline BCVA correlated positively with final BCVA (β = 0.88, p < 0.0001, R2: 0.75). No predictive factors for the need of additional injections were identified. Retinal and choroidal thickness significantly reduced over time but without correlation with the number of injections. CNV max height and area significantly decreased at 10 years (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.003, respectively), with complete regression of mCNV lesion in 40% of subjects. Intravitreal bevacizumab resulted as long-term effective and safe therapy for mCNV with sustained results at 10 years.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Liang Ning ◽  
Weidong Liang ◽  
Hongjun Guo ◽  
Jun Liu ◽  
Lanjun Xie

Objective. Grade II gliomas are mostly astrocytomas and oligodendrocytomas. The treatment method is mainly surgery, combined with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. According to statistics, young patients under the age of 40 years with grade II gliomas have a 50% chance of more than 5-year survival through reasonable treatment and normal eating habits. The survival time of middle-aged and elderly patients over 40 years old is about 2-3 years under the same conditions. The study aimed at analyzing the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of 60 patients with glioma. Methods. A total of 60 patients diagnosed pathologically with grade II glioma according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification in 2007 admitted into our hospital from January 2016 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The Kaplan–Meier curve was plotted to reflect 5-year survival according to patients’ clinical characteristics. The Cox regression model was used to analyze prognostic factors of grade II glioma. Results. Preoperative KPS scores <60, 60–80, and >80 accounted for 25.00% (15/60), 40.00% (24/60), and 35.00% (21/60), respectively. The largest tumor diameter LTD was less than 5 cm revealed in 60.00% patients, of which astrocytoma accounted for 65.00%. Subventricular zone (SVZ) expansion occurred in 23.33% of the patients and peritumoral edema occurred in 16.67% of the patients. The median follow-up time was 54 months. 5-year overall survival and progression-free survival rates of all patients were 70.0% and 56.7%, respectively. The Cox regression model indicated SVZ expansion, surgical resections, and recurrence were the independent prognostic factors of grade II glioma. Conclusion. These data suggested that SVZ expansion, surgical resections, and recurrence were independent factors affecting the prognosis of grade II glioma. According to the above clinical indexes of patients, individualized therapies can be established to prolong the survival time of patients.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Masashi Utsumi ◽  
Koji Kitada ◽  
Naoyuki Tokunaga ◽  
Takamitsu Kato ◽  
Toru Narusaka ◽  

Abstract Background The prognostic nutritional index, a marker of nutritional status and systemic inflammation, is a known biomarker for various cancers. However, few studies have evaluated the predictive value of the prognostic nutritional index in patients with biliary tract cancer. Therefore, we investigated the prognostic significance of the prognostic nutritional index, and developed a risk-stratification system to identify prognostic factors in patients with biliary tract cancer. Methods Between July 2010 and March 2021, 117 patients with biliary tract cancer were recruited to this single-center, retrospective study. The relationship between clinicopathological variables, including the prognostic nutritional index, and overall survival was analyzed using univariate and multivariate analyses. A P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results The median age was 75 (range 38–92) years. Thirty patients had intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma; 29, gallbladder carcinoma; 27, distal cholangiocarcinoma; 17, ampullary carcinoma; and 13, perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. Curative (R0) resection was achieved in 99 patients. In univariate analysis, the prognostic nutritional index (< 42), lymph node metastasis, carbohydrate antigen 19-9 level (> 20 U/mL), preoperative cholangitis, tumor differentiation, operation time (≥ 360 min), and R1–2 resection were significant risk factors for overall survival. The prognostic nutritional index (P = 0.027), lymph node metastasis (P = 0.040), and tumor differentiation (P = 0.006) were independent prognostic factors in multivariate analysis. A combined score of the prognostic nutritional index and pathological findings outperformed each marker alone, in terms of discriminatory power. Conclusions The prognostic nutritional index, lymph node metastasis, and tumor differentiation were independent prognostic factors after surgical resection in patients with biliary tract cancer. A combined prediction model using the prognostic nutritional index and pathological findings accurately predicted prognosis, and can be used as a novel prognostic factor in patients with biliary tract cancer.

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Sigrid Boczor ◽  
Marion Eisele ◽  
Anja Rakebrandt ◽  
Agata Menzel ◽  
Eva Blozik ◽  

Abstract Background The implementation of care concepts fitting the needs of patients with chronic heart failure (HF) remains challenging. In this context, psycho-emotional well-being is not routinely assessed, and under-researched despite indications that it is of great relevance for, e.g., acceptance, adherence, and prognosis. The aim of this study was to observe clinical characteristics for their prognostic utility in HF patients, and to compare the patients’ health-related quality of life (QoL) with German population norm values. Methods The current post-hoc analysis was performed on data collected amongst participants of the RECODE-HF study who had fully answered the EQ-5D-5L™ items at both baseline and 12 months (n = 2354). The status in the patients’ self-assessment items, EQ-5D visual analog scale (VAS) and EQ-5D index was categorized into worse/unchanged/improved. General linear mixed models (GLMM) with logit link were applied. Subgroups included 630 patients (26.8%) screened positive and 1724 patients (73.2%) screened negative for psychosocial distress (PSD). Results The 12-months change in EQ-5D index, generally resulting from change in individual EQ-5D items, additionally associated not only with high NYHA class but sociodemographics (employment/living alone/GP practice years) (96.2% correctly classified in GLMM). The 12- months change in individual QoL aspects showed associations with age*NYHA, gender, body-mass index, and comorbidities dyslipidemia, myocardial infarction, asthma/chronic pulmonary disease. Important social roles were reflected in particular when HF patients lived alone or the doctor mentioned to the patient that the patient had HF. Patients with/without PSD differed in some sociodemographic and clinical parameters. However, no influence of PSD could be demonstrated in the 12-month follow-up of the EQ-5D-5L™. Nonetheless, comparison of the 12-months QoL with general German population norm values by age groups < 75 years and 75+ showed markedly health restrictions in HF patients in all EQ-5D-5L™ aspects. Conclusion Our analysis revealed different prognostic factors primarily associated with change of burden in different QoL aspects in HF patients. In GP practice it is important to consider in addition to the overall day-related VAS all the individual health-related QoL aspects to take a holistic view of the patient, as well as to pay particular attention to the interrelation of individual characteristics.

Tomo Hiromasa ◽  
Hiroshi Wakabayashi ◽  
Daiki Kayano ◽  
Anri Inaki ◽  
Satoru Watanabe ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Jiahui Huang ◽  
Yiwei Tong ◽  
Xiaosong Chen ◽  
Kunwei Shen

PurposeWith the application of “less extensive surgery” in breast cancer treatment, the pattern of locoregional recurrence (LRR) has significantly changed. This study aims to evaluate the risk and prognostic factors of LRR in a recent large breast cancer cohort.MethodsConsecutive early breast cancer patients who received surgery from January 2009 to March 2018 in Shanghai Ruijin Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. LRR was defined as recurrence at the ipsilateral breast (IBTR), chest wall, or regional lymph nodes and without concurrent distant metastasis (DM). Patients’ characteristics and survival were compared among these groups.ResultsAmong 5,202 patients included, 87 (1.7%) and 265 (5.1%) experienced LRR and DM as first event after a median 47.0 (3.0–122.5) months’ follow-up. LRR was significantly associated with large tumor size and positive lymph node status (p &lt; 0.05). Forty (46.0%) patients received further salvage surgery after LRR and had a significantly better 3-year post-recurrence overall survival than those who did not (94.7% vs. 60.7%, p = 0.012). Multivariate analysis showed that salvage surgery for LRR was independently associated with better survival (HR = 0.12, 95% CI 0.02–0.93, p = 0.043) along with estrogen receptor (ER) positivity (HR = 0.33, 95% CI 0.12–0.91, p = 0.033).ConclusionLRR rate was relatively low in recent era of breast cancer treatment. Tumor size and lymph node status were associated with risk of LRR, and salvage surgery for selected LRR patients achieved an excellent outcome.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (20) ◽  
pp. 4675
Yen-Jung Chang ◽  
Jing-Yang Huang ◽  
Ching-Hsiung Lin ◽  
Bing-Yen Wang

Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death, and its incidence is still growing in Taiwan. This study investigated the prognostic factors of overall survival between 2010 and 2016 in Taiwan. Methods: Data from 2010 to 2016 was collected from the Taiwan Cancer Registry (TCR). The characteristics and overall survival of 71,334 lung cancer patients were analyzed according to the tumor, node, metastasis (TNM) 7th staging system. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to identify the prognostic factors. Results: The five-year overall survival (n = 71,334) was 25.0%, and the median survival was 25.3 months. The five-year overall survival of patients receiving any kind of treatment (n = 65,436; 91.7%) and surgical resection (n = 20,131; 28.2%) was 27.09% and 69.93%, respectively. The clinical staging distribution was as follows: stage IA (9208, 12.9%), stage IB (4087, 5.7%), stage IIA (1702, 2.4%), stage IIB (1454, 2.0%), stage IIIA (5309, 7.4%), stage IIIB (6316, 8.9%), stage IV (41458, 58.1%). Age, sex, Charlson comorbidity index, cell type, clinical T, clinical N, clinical M, grading and treatment strategy are independent prognostic factors in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion: The outcome for lung cancer patients was still poor. The identification of prognostic factors could facilitate in choosing treatment strategies and designing further randomized clinical trials.

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