epidermal growth factor
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2022 ◽  
Fangfang Ding ◽  
Jie Huang ◽  
Zeying Feng ◽  
Yun Kuang ◽  
Shuang Yang ◽  

Abstract Purpose:This study aimed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and bioequivalence of a test humanized recombinant monoclonal antibody targeting Human Epidermal Growth Factor receptor 2 (HER-2) with the reference Herceptin®.Materials and methods:The trial consists of two parts (part I and part II). Part I was an open-label, sequential-cohort dose-escalation study, QLHER2 (test) was intravenous infusion at single doses escalating from 0.2 to 6 mg/kg (0.2, 1, 2, 4 and 6mg/kg) and Herceptin(reference) 4 mg/kg in 16 healthy subjects, to evaluated the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of QLHER2. Part II was a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study to evaluate the bioequivalence of QLHER2 and Herceptin in 60 subjects.Results:Following a 1.5-h intravenous infusion of single ascending doses of QLHER2 (1, 2, 4, or 6 mg/kg) In part I, Cmax and Tmax were 19.43-120.01 μg/mL and 68.91-157.87 h, respectively. AUC0-t and CL were 1.91-34.21 h*μg/mL and 0.54-0.12 ml/h/kg, indicating decreased clearance at higher doses, with a greater than proportional increase in the AUC0-t , and the t1/2 was 68.91-157.87 h. In part II, Plasma concentrations appeared to be comparable between QLHER2 and Herceptin over the 70-day sampling period and the QLHER2/Herceptin ratio of the Cmax and AUC0-t was 105.90% (90% CI: 95.69-117.26) and 95.79% (90% CI: 87.74-106.40%), respectively.Conclusion:The 90% CIs of the Cmax and AUC0-t for QLHER2/Herceptin ratio were within the range of 80.0-125.00% indicated that QLHER2 was bioequivalent to Herceptin. The results supported for further evaluation of QLHER2.Trial registration number: ChiCTR2000041577 and ChiCTR2100041802Date of registration: December 30,2020 and January 5, 2021

2022 ◽  
Raman Devarajan ◽  
Hellevi Peltoketo ◽  
Valerio Izzi ◽  
Heli Johanna Ruotsalainen ◽  
Saila Kauppila ◽  

The tumor extracellular matrix (ECM) is a critical regulator of cancer progression and metastasis, significantly affecting the treatment response. Expression of collagen XVIII (ColXVIII), a ubiquitous component of basement membranes, is induced in many solid tumors, but its involvement in tumorigenesis has remained elusive. We show here that ColXVIII is markedly upregulated in human breast cancer (BC) cells and is closely associated with a poor prognosis in high-grade BC, especially in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive and basal/triple-negative cases. We identified a novel mechanism of action for ColXVIII as a modulator of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR/ErbB) signaling and show that it forms a complex with EGFR, HER2 and alpha6 integrin to promote cancer cell proliferation in a pathway involving its N-terminal portion and the MAPK/ERK1/2 and PI3K/Akt cascades. In vivo studies with Col18a1 mouse models crossed with the MMTV-PyMT mammary carcinogenesis model showed that the short ColXVIII isoform promotes BC growth and metastasis in a tumor cell-autonomous manner. Moreover, the number of mammary cancer stem cells was significantly reduced in both mouse and human cell models upon ColXVIII inhibition. Finally, ablation of ColXVIII in human BC cells and the MMTV-PyMT model substantially improved the efficacy of certain EGFR/ERbB-targeting therapies, even abolishing resistance to EGFR/ErbB inhibitors in some cell lines. In summary, a new function is revealed for ColXVIII in sustaining the stemness properties of BC cells, and tumor progression and metastasis through EGFR/ErbB signaling, suggesting that targeting ColXVIII in the tumor milieu may have significant therapeutic potential.

Cancers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 309
Kun-Han Lue ◽  
Chun-Hou Huang ◽  
Tsung-Cheng Hsieh ◽  
Shu-Hsin Liu ◽  
Yi-Feng Wu ◽  

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are the first-line treatment for patients with advanced epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated lung adenocarcinoma. Over half of patients failed to achieve prolonged survival benefits from TKI therapy. Awareness of a reliable prognostic tool may provide a valuable direction for tailoring individual treatments. We explored the prognostic power of the combination of systemic inflammation markers and tumor glycolytic heterogeneity to stratify patients in this clinical setting. One hundred and five patients with advanced EGFR-mutated lung adenocarcinoma treated with TKIs were retrospectively analyzed. Hematological variables as inflammation-induced biomarkers were collected, including the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and systemic inflammation index (SII). First-order entropy, as a marker of heterogeneity within the primary lung tumor, was obtained by analyzing 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography images. In a univariate Cox regression analysis, sex, smoking status, NLR, LMR, PLR, SII, and entropy were associated with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). After adjusting for confounders in the multivariate analysis, smoking status, SII, and entropy, remained independent prognostic factors for PFS and OS. Integrating SII and entropy with smoking status represented a valuable prognostic scoring tool for improving the risk stratification of patients. The integrative model achieved a Harrell’s C-index of 0.687 and 0.721 in predicting PFS and OS, respectively, outperforming the traditional TNM staging system (0.527 for PFS and 0.539 for OS, both p < 0.001). This risk-scoring model may be clinically helpful in tailoring treatment strategies for patients with advanced EGFR-mutated lung adenocarcinoma.

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