oxide film
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 210 ◽  
pp. 114471
Qiying Tao ◽  
Wangwang Ding ◽  
Gang Chen ◽  
Xuanhui Qu ◽  
Mingli Qin

Metals ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 160
Mahmoud Ahmed El-Sayed ◽  
Khamis Essa ◽  
Hany Hassanin

Entrapped double oxide film defects are known to be the most detrimental defects during the casting of aluminium alloys. In addition, hydrogen dissolved in the aluminium melt was suggested to pass into the defects to expand them and cause hydrogen porosity. In this work, the effect of two important casting parameters (the filtration and hydrogen content) on the properties of Al–7 Si–0.3 Mg alloy castings was studied using a full factorial design of experiments approach. Casting properties such as the Weibull modulus and position parameter of the elongation and the tensile strength were considered as response parameters. The results suggested that adopting 10 PPI filters in the gating system resulted in a considerable boost of the Weibull moduli of the tensile strength and elongation due to the enhanced mould filling conditions that minimised the possibility of oxide film entrainment. In addition, the results showed that reducing the hydrogen content in the castings samples from 0.257 to 0.132 cm3/100 g Al was associated with a noticeable decrease in the size of bifilm defects with a corresponding improvement in the mechanical properties. Such significant effect of the process parameters studied on the casting properties suggests that the more careful and quiescent mould filling practice and the lower the hydrogen level of the casting, the higher the quality and reliability of the castings produced.

Scanning ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Meng Du ◽  
Haifeng Mei ◽  
Ya Liu

Phase equilibria of the Fe-Al-Ni-O system at 750°C were determined by scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer and X-ray power diffraction. 54 alloys were prepared with weighted metal and Ni2O3 powder and were annealed at 750°C for 45 days. Two four-phase equilibrium regions and three three-phase equilibrium regions were confirmed, and the boundary between spinel and corundum was obtained. Comparing with the Fe-Al-Ni-O oxidation diagram at 750°C calculated with FSstel and FToxid databases, the phase boundary of the spinel and corundum oxides from experiments was inclined to the Ni-Al side. The determined relationship between primary oxides and alloy composition in this work can be used as a reference for the preparation of the oxide film by selective oxidation.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 550
Wenke Wang ◽  
Guoqing Yan ◽  
Jiandong Zhang ◽  
Zhaohui Ma ◽  
Lijun Wang ◽  

Hydrogen permeation barrier plays an important role in reducing hydrogen loss from zirconium hydride matrix when used as neutron moderator. Here, a composite nitride film was prepared on zirconium hydride by in situ reaction method in nitrogen atmosphere. The phase structure, morphology, element distribution, and valence states of the composite film were investigated by XRD, SEM, AES, and XPS analysis. It was found that the composite nitride film was continuous and dense with about 1.6 μm thickness; the major phase of the film was ZrN, with coexistence of ZrO2, ZrO, and ZrN0.36H0.8; and Zr-C, Zr-O, Zr-N, O-H, and N-H bonds were detected in the film. The existence of ZrN0.36H0.8 phase and the bonds of O-H and N-H revealed that the nitrogen and oxygen in the film could capture hydrogen from the zirconium hydride matrix. The hydrogen permeation performance of nitride film was compared with oxide film by permeation reduction factor (PRF), vacuum thermal dehydrogenation (VTD), and hydrogen permeation rate (HPR) methods, and the results showed that the hydrogen permeation barrier effects of nitride film were better than that of oxide film. The zirconium nitride film would be a potential candidate for hydrogen permeation barrier on the surface of zirconium hydride.

Plasmonics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Fu-yuan Yu ◽  
Xiong-jun Shang ◽  
Wei Fang ◽  
Qing-qing Zhang ◽  
Yan Wu ◽  

Langmuir ◽  
2022 ◽  
Minkyu Cho ◽  
Taehwan Kim ◽  
Incheol Cho ◽  
Min Gao ◽  
Kyungnam Kang ◽  

Nana Hozuki ◽  
Kenichi Kaminaga ◽  
Shingo Maruyama ◽  
Daisuke Shiga ◽  
Hiroshi Kumigashira ◽  

Abstract Ta ions-containing solutions, which are brown in color with no precipitation, were successfully prepared through an electroelution process with ionic liquid (IL). An as-delivered Ta metal plate covered with a passivation oxide film could be easily eluted even at room temperature by simply applying an anodic potential of, e.g. +2.2 V vs. Ag in [Bmim][PF6] IL. According to the quantity of electric charge required for oxidation of Ta, most Ta ions in the IL were suggested to be in an oxidation state of +5, which was also confirmed by x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS). Ta ions in IL were found to thermally evaporate together with IL molecules by heating in a vacuum, forming a deposit of the Ta ions-containing IL on a substrate. The Ta concentrations in the deposits were reduced uniquely by about one order of magnitude from those in the original bulk source through the evaporation process under the present conditions. Furthermore, a possibility of the formation of thin film-like Ta oxide from such a Ta ions-containing IL deposit and its bulk droplet prepared on substrates by annealing in air at 1000oC will be discussed.

Yue Shen ◽  
Sixie Li ◽  
Chuanjun Wang ◽  
Yanting Xu ◽  
Yunxiu Chao ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 139847
Ingmar Bösing ◽  
Fabio La Mantia ◽  
Jorg Thöming

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document