alloy composition
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Scanning ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Meng Du ◽  
Haifeng Mei ◽  
Ya Liu

Phase equilibria of the Fe-Al-Ni-O system at 750°C were determined by scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer and X-ray power diffraction. 54 alloys were prepared with weighted metal and Ni2O3 powder and were annealed at 750°C for 45 days. Two four-phase equilibrium regions and three three-phase equilibrium regions were confirmed, and the boundary between spinel and corundum was obtained. Comparing with the Fe-Al-Ni-O oxidation diagram at 750°C calculated with FSstel and FToxid databases, the phase boundary of the spinel and corundum oxides from experiments was inclined to the Ni-Al side. The determined relationship between primary oxides and alloy composition in this work can be used as a reference for the preparation of the oxide film by selective oxidation.

Joseph N. Ghoussoub ◽  
Yuanbo T. Tang ◽  
William J. B. Dick-Cleland ◽  
André A. N. Németh ◽  
Yilun Gong ◽  

AbstractThe susceptibility of nickel-based superalloys to processing-induced crack formation during laser powder-bed additive manufacturing is studied. Twelve different alloys—some of existing (heritage) type but also other newly-designed ones—are considered. A strong inter-dependence of alloy composition and processability is demonstrated. Stereological procedures are developed to enable the two dominant defect types found—solidification cracks and solid-state ductility dip cracks—to be distinguished and quantified. Differential scanning calorimetry, creep stress relaxation tests at 1000 °C and measurements of tensile ductility at 800 °C are used to interpret the effects of alloy composition. A model for solid-state cracking is proposed, based on an incapacity to relax the thermal stress arising from constrained differential thermal contraction; its development is supported by experimental measurements using a constrained bar cooling test. A modified solidification cracking criterion is proposed based upon solidification range but including also a contribution from the stress relaxation effect. This work provides fundamental insights into the role of composition on the additive manufacturability of these materials.

2022 ◽  
Vol 25 ◽  
Camila Boldrini Nascimento ◽  
Uyime Donatus ◽  
Carlos Triveño Ríos ◽  
Mara Cristina Lopes de Oliveira ◽  
Renato Altobelli Antunes

Tatiana Smekalova ◽  
Natalia Demidenko ◽  

The paper offers the first complete picture of the changing in the alloy composition of silver coins of the ancient Tauric Chersonesos. Coins from two largest collections were examined: the State Hermitage and the State Historical and Archaeological Museum-Reserve “Tauric Chersonesos”. In total, about 190 Chersonesean silver coins were studied by X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. The results obtained made it possible to determine the stages of functioning of fool metallic value silver coins and to reveal the time of their transformation into conventional or credit coins. This happened at the end of the autonomous period of Chersonesos, after which silver coins were no longer minted in Chersonesos, with the exception of an episodic and controversial issue during the period of the influence of Mithridates VI.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 237
Ester Villanueva ◽  
Iban Vicario ◽  
Jon Mikel Sánchez ◽  
Joseba Albizuri ◽  
Jessica Montero

The aim of this work is to determine the Solid Fraction (SF) at the rigidity point (FRP) by applying advanced thermal analysis techniques. The variation of the FRP value is important to explain the solidification behavior and the presence or absence of defects in aluminum alloys. As the final alloy composition plays a key role on obtained properties, the influence of major and minor alloying elements on FRP has been studied. A Taguchi design of experiments and a previously developed calculating method, based on the application of high rank derivatives has been employed to determinate first the rigidity point temperature (RPT) and after the corresponding FRP for AlSi10Mg alloys. A correlation factor of r2 of 0.81 was obtained for FRP calculation formula in function of the alloy composition.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Lian Gong ◽  
Hui Liu ◽  
Cheng Lv ◽  
Lijun Zhao

A new welding method, ultranarrow gap welding with constrained arc by flux band, is proposed to compensate for the low quality of rail thermite welded joints. This article presents the results of research on the microstructure and mechanical properties of ultranarrow gap welded joints of U71Mn rail steel made using three types of alloying composition content flux bands. Results indicated that the base metal metallographic microstructure consisted mainly of pearlitic, the HAZ was mainly composed of fine pearlite, and the microstructure of the welded bead was composed of acicular ferrite, while the weld grain size decreased as the alloy composition increased. The average hardness noticeably changed in weld metal as the alloy composition increased, and when the alloy composition reached 19%, the hardness was equivalent to the base material. The average hardness value of the HAZ (35.8 HRC) was higher than that of the base metal (24.8 HRC). The tensile strength increased, and the percentage elongation after fracture decreased with increasing alloying composition from 9% to 19%. The impact absorbing energies were decreased as the alloying composition increased. Consequently, all the mechanical properties of rail ultranarrow gap welding were higher than those of the standard requirements of the rail flash welding. And the optimal alloying composition of flux band was 19%.

2021 ◽  
Abdesamed BENBEDRA ◽  
Said MESKINE ◽  
Hamza ABBASSA ◽  
El Habib ABBES ◽  
Abdelkader BOUKORTT

Abstract We report the results of density functional theory calculations of several properties of wurtzite-structured InGaN and CdZnO alloys. It is shown that the investigated properties, including the internal parameter, bandgap, mechanical moduli, and electric polarization are nonlinear functions of alloy composition, as they deviate from the linear behavior predicted by Vegard’s law. Based on these results, InGaN and CdZnO are materials whose properties can be tuned via In and Cd concentrations. The spontaneous and piezoelectric polarizations considerably affect the properties of alloys-based devices due to the huge electric fields that build up at the heteroineterfaces. In this work we propose a method of controlling such fields by employing the composition dependence of the total polarization. We support this proposal by showing that, in the case of InGaN, an optimal alloy composition can be found that effectively reduces the polarization-induced electric fields, thereby improving the efficiency of optoelectronic applications.

JOM ◽  
2021 ◽  
Carsten Schroer

AbstractThe solution of elements from metallic alloys is analyzed, notably the initial stage characterized by solution in proportion to the alloy composition and subsequent selective leaching of alloying elements. For the latter stage of the process, characteristic features of the originating depletion zone are derived for different formation mechanisms. The results are compared with observations for steels and nickel-based alloys after exposure to lead-based liquid alloys or liquid tin, and, where possible, the prevailing mechanism is identified. Furthermore, the influence of dissolved oxygen and formation of intermetallic compounds are addressed.

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